Disordered Eating Affects HbA1c in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes

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Researchers found correlations between disordered eating behavior and higher HbA1c in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
Researchers found correlations between disordered eating behavior and higher HbA1c in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

HealthDay News — For youth with type 1 diabetes, disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) are associated with higher hemoglobin A1c but not with measures of glycemic variability, according to a study published online in Diabetes Care.

Miriam H. Eisenberg Colman, PhD, from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Bethesda, MD, and colleagues reported DEB and diabetes management at baseline and at 6, 12, and 18 months for youth (ages 8 to 16) with type 1 diabetes participating in an 18-month behavioral intervention.

The researchers found that the intervention had no effect on DEB (P =.84).

There were correlations for DEB with higher hemoglobin A1c (P =.001), mean sensor glucose (P =.001), and percent sensor glucose values >180 mg/dL (P <.001), and with lower 1,5-anhydroglucitol (P =.01) and worse diabetes adherence (P =.03). There was no correlation for DEB with percent sensor glucose values <70 mg/dL or any measures of glycemic variability.

A significant DEB × time interaction effect was seen for mean sensor glucose (P =.05) and percent sensor glucose values >180 mg/dL (P =.04). Throughout the study there was a developmentally expected deterioration in glycemic control for participants reporting less DEB. For participants with more DEB, poor glycemic control was seen at baseline and this persisted through the study.

"Findings show a potential to improve diet quality without increasing DEB and indicate an association of DEB with persistent hyperglycemia but not hypoglycemia or glycemic variability," the authors write.

Reference

Eisenberg Colman MH, Quick VM, Lipsky LM, et al. Disordered eating behaviors are not increased by an intervention to improve diet quality but are associated with poorer glycemic control among youth with type 1 diabetes [published online January 25, 2018]. Diabetes Care. doi: 10.2337/dc17-0090

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