Thyroid

Predictive Variables for Permanent vs Transient Congenital Hypothyroidism

Predictive Variables for Permanent vs Transient Congenital Hypothyroidism

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Thyroid stimulating hormone levels at diagnosis and the L-thyroxine dose through treatment may distinguish between permanent and transient congenital hypothyroidism.

Thyroid Hormone Therapy Not Beneficial for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Thyroid Hormone Therapy Not Beneficial for Subclinical Hypothyroidism

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Findings do not support the routine use of thyroid hormone therapy in adults with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Persists Years After Treatment of Thyrotoxicosis

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Persists Years After Treatment of Thyrotoxicosis

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Excess cardiovascular disease mortality persisted for many years after thyroid-ablative treatment in patients who received radioactive iodine who did not become hypothyroid.

Outcomes of Primary Hyperparathyroidism Treatments During Pregnancy

Outcomes of Primary Hyperparathyroidism Treatments During Pregnancy

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The rate of pre-eclampsia and preterm delivery was higher in medically managed patients with hyperparathyroidism.

Rates of Lobectomy vs Thyroidectomy for Low-Risk Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Rates of Lobectomy vs Thyroidectomy for Low-Risk Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

Adherence to the 2015 recommendation from ATA — to use lobectomy rather than complete thyroidectomy for low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer — is increasing.

Childhood Radiation-Induced Thyroid Cancer Does Not Lower All-Cause Survival

Childhood Radiation-Induced Thyroid Cancer Does Not Lower All-Cause Survival

Childhood radiation-induced thyroid cancer does not affect all-cause mortality compared with healthy individuals.

BABA Robotic Thyroidectomy Determined to Be Safe and Effective

BABA Robotic Thyroidectomy Determined to Be Safe and Effective

The BABA robotic thyroidectomy technique appears to be safe, with excellent outcomes in benign and malignant thyroid disease.

Malignancy Rates Higher in Children With Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Malignancy Rates Higher in Children With Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Malignancy was more common in children with thyroid nodules classified as indeterminate by BSRTC criteria compared with adults.

Ethanol Sensitization May Improve RFA of Benign Thyroid Nodules

Ethanol Sensitization May Improve RFA of Benign Thyroid Nodules

Ethanol sensitization before radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules reduced time, ablation energy, and complications compared with conventional ablation.

US Centers Fail to Analyze Neck Lymph Nodes in Preoperative Ultrasounds for Thyroid Cancer

US Centers Fail to Analyze Neck Lymph Nodes in Preoperative Ultrasounds for Thyroid Cancer

Most imaging centers in the United States fail to analyze lateral neck lymph nodes during preoperative ultrasounds in patients with thyroid cancer.

Recombinant Human Thyrotropin vs Thyroid Hormone Withdrawal After Radioiodine Therapy in Thyroid Cancer

Recombinant Human Thyrotropin vs Thyroid Hormone Withdrawal After Radioiodine Therapy in Thyroid Cancer

Outcomes after radioiodine therapy are similar after preparation with either recombinant human thyrotropin or thyroid hormone withdrawal.

Treatment of Subclinical Hypothyroidism Not Warranted During Pregnancy

Treatment of Subclinical Hypothyroidism Not Warranted During Pregnancy

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Current trial evidence does not support the treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism diagnosed in pregnancy.

Perinatal Exposure to Air Pollution Linked to Newborn Thyroid Function

Perinatal Exposure to Air Pollution Linked to Newborn Thyroid Function

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Total thyroxine in newborns was measured by heel-stick blood spot test.

Estradiol, Cortisol, TGF-β1 Involved in Thyroid Immunity During Pregnancy and Postpartum

Estradiol, Cortisol, TGF-β1 Involved in Thyroid Immunity During Pregnancy and Postpartum

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TGF-β1and cortisol displayed both immuno-modifying and -suppressive roles with regard to thyroid autoantibodies.

Male Thyroid Cancer Survivors Face Higher CVD Risk

Male Thyroid Cancer Survivors Face Higher CVD Risk

Male thyroid cancer survivors have a nearly 50 percent higher risk of developing CVD than female survivors within five years of cancer diagnosis.

RET Inhibitor Gets Breakthrough Treatment Status for Medullary Thyroid Cancer

RET Inhibitor Gets Breakthrough Treatment Status for Medullary Thyroid Cancer

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LOXO-292 is being evaluated in the ongoing Phase 1/2 LIBRETTO-001 clinical trial.

Risk of Thyroid Dysfunction Not Associated With HIV Status

Risk of Thyroid Dysfunction Not Associated With HIV Status

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Compared with uninfected individuals, people with HIV controlled with combination antiretroviral therapy are not at increased risk of developing thyroid dysfunction.

Wording Used May Affect Thyroid Cancer Patients' Anxiety, Choices

Wording Used May Affect Thyroid Cancer Patients' Anxiety, Choices

Calling it 'cancer' rather than 'lesions' or 'abnormal cells' could increase anxiety, likelihood of surgery.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Affect Quality of Life Despite Levothyroxine Therapy

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism Affect Quality of Life Despite Levothyroxine Therapy

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Investigators assessed the quality of life of patients with hypothyroidism who were treated with levothyroxine and its association to demographics and clinical symptomatology.

Thyroid Hormone Levels, Body Composition, Insulin Resistance in Euthyroid Patients

Thyroid Hormone Levels, Body Composition, Insulin Resistance in Euthyroid Patients

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The associations between thyroid hormone levels, body composition, and insulin resistance in euthyroid patients with normal thyroid ultrasound findings are examined.

Hypothyroidism Predicts Atrial Tachyarrhythmia After AF Catheter Ablation

Hypothyroidism Predicts Atrial Tachyarrhythmia After AF Catheter Ablation

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Patients with higher levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone were more likely to experience atrial tachyarrhythmia after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation.

Two-Screen Program More Effective for Identifying Congenital Hypothyroidism

Two-Screen Program More Effective for Identifying Congenital Hypothyroidism

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There are 14 states that perform a routine second screening in infants at approximately 2 weeks of age.

Overtreatment of Thyroid Cancers Seems Common

Overtreatment of Thyroid Cancers Seems Common

Choice between total thyroidectomy or lobectomy has little effect on risk for thyroid cancer mortality.

Young Cancer Survivors Have High Risk of Endocrine Diseases

Young Cancer Survivors Have High Risk of Endocrine Diseases

Adolescent and young adult cancer survivors have a 73 percent higher risk of endocrine diseases.

Low FT4 in Early Pregnancy Associated With Reduced IQ in Offspring

Low FT4 in Early Pregnancy Associated With Reduced IQ in Offspring

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The association between maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy and child neurodevelopment was examined.

Subclinical Hypothyroidism: Controversies in Testing and Treatment

Subclinical Hypothyroidism: Controversies in Testing and Treatment

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Divergent recommendations in guidelines from the USPSTF and the ATA/AACE contribute to the controversy surrounding whether to test and treat for subclinical hypothyroidism.

Treatment With Alemtuzumab May Frequently Induce Thyroid Dysfunction

Treatment With Alemtuzumab May Frequently Induce Thyroid Dysfunction

Investigators reviewed cases of patients with multiple sclerosis treated with alemtuzumab to determine the type and frequency of thyroid dysfunction.

Handheld, Wireless Ultrasound Device SONON 300L Now Available

Handheld, Wireless Ultrasound Device SONON 300L Now Available

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The device is indicated for ultrasound echo imaging, measurement, and analysis of the human body for general clinical applications including musculoskeletal, vascular, small parts (breast, thyroid), and lung imaging.

Thyroid Hormone Decreases Intrahepatic Lipid Content in Type 2 Diabetes

Thyroid Hormone Decreases Intrahepatic Lipid Content in Type 2 Diabetes

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The role of low-dose levothyroxine to increase β-oxidation of fatty acids and decreases intrahepatic lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes was examined.

Postoperative Radioactive Iodine Ablation Effective in Reducing Disease Recurrence in Low-Risk Thyroid Cancer

Postoperative Radioactive Iodine Ablation Effective in Reducing Disease Recurrence in Low-Risk Thyroid Cancer

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Investigators reported outcomes of a randomized phase 3 trial that assessed the use of radioactive iodine following surgical resection in patients with low-risk thyroid cancer.

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