A large genetic study suggests that vitamin D levels do not affect development of type 2 diabetes.
Pediatricians should ensure that children are receiving their recommended daily allowance of calcium and vitamin D as well as weight-bearing exercise.
Fecal microbiome diversity appears to be linked to an increased ratio of hydroxylated estrogen metabolites to parent estrogen.
Thirty-five percent of published reanalyses of randomized clinical trials led to changes in findings that implied different conclusions.
Lipid screening was uncommon in 9- to 11-year-olds and was performed in a minority of 17- to 19-year-olds before publication of the 2011 guidelines on cardiovascular health.
A girl’s risk for adiposity may increase if her mother had gestational diabetes or hyperglycemia while pregnant.
Childhood obesity may be reduced most by imposing a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.