Pediatric Endocrinology

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Smoothing the Care Team Transition for Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

Smoothing the Care Team Transition for Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

The transition from pediatric to adult care for type 1 diabetes should be a gradual process, with a plan to make the change when the patient is ready, not at a pre-determined time.

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Appetite Awareness Training May Enhance Behavioral Strategies in Childhood Obesity

Appetite Awareness Training May Enhance Behavioral Strategies in Childhood Obesity

The lifestyle physical activity program included weight education, control, self-monitoring, behavioral change techniques, and maintenance of behavior change.

ISPAD Issues Consensus Statement on Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemia

ISPAD Issues Consensus Statement on Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemia

ISPAD recommends adjustments for fluid management regarding rehydration rates in children and adolescents with diabetes ketoacidosis.

Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Researchers assessed the effect of formula supplementation vs breastfeeding on the gut microbiome and risk of infant overweight.

Burosumab May Benefit Children With X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

Burosumab May Benefit Children With X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

Subcutaneous burosumab decreases mean Thacher rickets severity total score from dosing every two weeks or every four weeks.

Effects of Maternal Gestational Diabetes on Neonatal Hypoglycemia: Diet vs Insulin Treatment

Effects of Maternal Gestational Diabetes on Neonatal Hypoglycemia: Diet vs Insulin Treatment

Routine screening for neonatal hypoglycemia after pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes (GD) reveals high incidence of both mild and severe hypoglycemia for both diet-controlled and insulin-treated GD and across the full range of birth weight centiles.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

Parents and healthcare workers should carefully consider the risk for obesity in infants born to women with diabetes, especially infants born large for gestational age, and should initiate preventive measures where possible.

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

Early treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors such as dyslipidemia and hypertension will have long-term benefits with low risk and cost and should be more widely used in pediatric type 1 diabetes care.

Incidence of Diabetes Insipidus in Children Following Transsphenoidal Surgery

Incidence of Diabetes Insipidus in Children Following Transsphenoidal Surgery

Findings demonstrated a high incidence of sodium alterations in children following transsphenoidal surgery, with a 38% combined incidence of diabetes insipidus and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.

Repeat Blood Pressure Readings in Children Prevents Unnecessary Follow-up

Repeat Blood Pressure Readings in Children Prevents Unnecessary Follow-up

Only approximately half of pediatric patients with a blood pressure reading ≥95th percentile would be correctly classified based on their initial blood pressure reading.

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