Parents and healthcare workers should carefully consider the risk for obesity in infants born to women with diabetes, especially infants born large for gestational age, and should initiate preventive measures where possible.
Researchers conducted secondary analysis of data from a multicenter study of 5580 women from 11 Latin America countries in order to assess the association between waist-to-height ratio and anxiety.
In obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes, oxyntomodulin significantly augments glucose-dependent insulin secretion.
Compared to men who were never overweight, those overweight at age 7 who returned to a normal body mass index by age 13 had no increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
The Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) study assessed the association between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and HIV infection.
Current care should encourage women to plan to breastfeed, provide corrective information for specific beliefs, and address issues relating to body image and social knowledge.
The findings from a national sample underscore the importance of developing policies and programs that reduce the prevalence of obesity.
Changes in serum insulin and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance and beta cell function were significantly greater compared to the control diet
The J-shaped correlation seen for body mass index with cardiovascular disease risk is susceptible to confounding due to pre-existing comorbidities.
Researchers conducted a comprehensive narrative review to examine the correlation of the obesity pandemic with appearance of cancers in young adults under age 50.
Metabolites could be mediators in the connection between gut microbiota and obesity and points to potential future opportunities for targeting the gut microbiota in the prevention of obesity.
Change in body mass index to overweight during puberty significantly increases men's risk of heart failure later in life.
Of various interventions used in nonclinical settings for the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, school-based programs that combine nutrition and exercise and include a home-based component appear to be the most effective approaches.
For men with metastatic melanoma treated with targeted or immune therapy, obesity is associated with improved survival.
For patients with chronic hepatitis B virus, body mass index is significantly associated with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, with the risk more pronounced for women than men.
Following the success of this preliminary safety and feasibility study, more patients are being recruited for a larger clinical trial of the procedure to test the efficacy and durability of the procedure.
Given the high risk for metabolic disorder and type 2 diabetes, clinicians should select psychotropic medications carefully and monitor metabolic conditions regularly in their patients with serious mental illness.
For adults, but not youth, there was an increase in the prevalence of obesity in decade between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016.
Researchers evaluated the association between low maternal vitamin D status in early pregnancy and the likelihood of childhood obesity in the offspring.
Physicians should be aware that the benefit of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on body composition might rapidly disappear after its withdrawal and strongly encourage women to optimize nutrition and increase physical activity when stopping MHT.
Calorie restriction over 2 years is associated with considerable weight loss, and with lower than expected energy expenditure.
Researchers compared glycemic control in cohorts of severely obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes undergoing medical and surgical interventions.
Results comparing the prevalence of obesity amongst adolescents with the rate of bariatric surgeries were presented at ENDO 2018.
In combination with dietary and physical activity counseling, all semaglutide doses from 0.05-0.4 mg daily were tolerated and resulted in dose-related reductions in body weight among people with obesity without diabetes.
In people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, a meal schedule that includes a high-energy breakfast promotes weight loss, improves diabetes, and decreases the need for insulin.
Changes in weight influence the risk of diabetes, with lower risk of diabetes for obese individuals who lose weight vs stable obesity.
New research suggests that there are separate pathways for the development of type 2 diabetes and obesity in patients with serious mental illness and demonstrate that there are important effects associated with sex and race or ethnicity.
Results provide critical perspective on cardiovascular disease associated with overweight and obesity and challenge both the obesity paradox as well as the view that overweight is associated with greater longevity.
There was no significant difference in 12-month weight loss between the healthy low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets, and neither genotype pattern nor baseline insulin secretion was associated with the dietary effects on weight loss.
Microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia was found to be a largely safe procedure, but patients with diabetes or obesity are an increased risk for reoperation within 30 days.
Endocrinology Advisor Articles
- Soluble Klotho Levels Predictive of Kidney Failure in Type 2 Diabetes
- HbA1c Levels Predictive of Liraglutide Treatment Response in T2D
- Comorbid and Pharmacologic Factors Increase Risk for Gastrointestinal Disorders in Diabetes
- ADA Updates Guidelines for Cardiovascular Risk Management in Diabetes
- Clinicians May Be Overtreating Older Patients With Diabetes
- USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention
- Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes
- Insulin-Treated Diabetes Reduces Dysglycemia-Related Mortality in Sepsis
- Increased Risk for Mortality in People With Diabetes, CHD Taking Beta-Blockers
- Oxyntomodulin Augments Glucose Homeostasis