Obesity

Sharp Decrease in US Life Expectancy Rankings by 2040

Sharp Decrease in US Life Expectancy Rankings by 2040

The United States will have the largest drop in life expectancy rankings of all high-income countries by 2040.

Early-Onset Asthma/Wheezing Associated With Later Childhood Obesity

Early-Onset Asthma/Wheezing Associated With Later Childhood Obesity

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Children with asthma had a 66% higher risk for incident obesity compared with children without asthma.

Bariatric Surgery Reduces Macrovascular Complications in Obesity, T2D

Bariatric Surgery Reduces Macrovascular Complications in Obesity, T2D

For patients with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery is associated with a lower risk for macrovascular outcomes compared with not undergoing surgery.

Unapproved Active Pharmaceuticals Identified in Many Dietary Supplements

Unapproved Active Pharmaceuticals Identified in Many Dietary Supplements

Dietary supplements often include active pharmaceuticals, even after warnings from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Heritability of BMI Stronger in Obesogenic Environments

Heritability of BMI Stronger in Obesogenic Environments

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Heritability of BMI was significantly higher in children living in high-risk obesogenic environments compared with those living in low-risk environments.

Weight Gain in Childhood Persists As Overweight, Obesity in Adolescence

Weight Gain in Childhood Persists As Overweight, Obesity in Adolescence

Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.

Obesity in Adolescent Girls Associated With Negative Outcomes in Adulthood

Obesity in Adolescent Girls Associated With Negative Outcomes in Adulthood

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Girls with obesity in adolescence are associated with lower educational attainment and income-related outcomes compared with girls without adolescent obesity.

Vegan Diet Associated With Weight Loss and Reduced Insulin Resistance

Vegan Diet Associated With Weight Loss and Reduced Insulin Resistance

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Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.

Breastfeeding Inversely Associated With Weight Gain Velocity and BMI

Breastfeeding Inversely Associated With Weight Gain Velocity and BMI

Breastfeeding is inversely associated with body mass index z scores measured at 12 months, and the association is attenuated with formula supplementation by six months.

Lorcaserin Reduces Risk for Incident Diabetes in Patients With Prediabetes

Lorcaserin Reduces Risk for Incident Diabetes in Patients With Prediabetes

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In this new analysis, researchers looked at the long-term effects of the drug on diabetes prevention and remission in these patients.

Obesity Reduces Number of Disease-Free Years Regardless of Lifestyle

Obesity Reduces Number of Disease-Free Years Regardless of Lifestyle

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Obesity is associated with loss of disease-free years irrespective of position in the social hierarchy and lifestyle.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Associated With Long-Term Bone Loss

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Associated With Long-Term Bone Loss

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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with bone density and skeletal microarchitecture deterioration, leading to substantial cumulative bone loss.

Lorcaserin Facilitates Weight Loss in Patients Who Are Overweight, Obese

Lorcaserin Facilitates Weight Loss in Patients Who Are Overweight, Obese

Lorcaserin facilitates sustained weight loss without increasing the rate of major cardiovascular events among overweight or obese patients.

Increased Participation With Online Diabetes Prevention Program

Increased Participation With Online Diabetes Prevention Program

For overweight/obese veterans with prediabetes, participation is higher for online Diabetes Prevention Programs, but weight loss is similar for online and in-person DPPs.

Linking Gestational Diabetes to Maternal Glucose Metabolism, Childhood Adiposity

Linking Gestational Diabetes to Maternal Glucose Metabolism, Childhood Adiposity

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To understand the associations between exposure to gestational diabetes and the risk for maternal glucose metabolism and childhood adiposity, researchers followed a cohort of mothers and children for a median of 11.4 years.

Lifestyle Interventions Cut Excess Gestational Weight Gain

Lifestyle Interventions Cut Excess Gestational Weight Gain

Lifestyle interventions focusing on diet and physical activity result in less excess gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity.

Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders

Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders

Untreated gestational diabetes is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in long-term follow-up of offspring.

Adipokines Associated With Clinical Course Alteration in Pediatric Patients With T1D

Adipokines Associated With Clinical Course Alteration in Pediatric Patients With T1D

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Altered serum levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, omentin-1, and caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 fragment M30 in children with type 1 diabetes may signify metabolic differences that do not stabilize with insulin treatment.

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions May Prevent Obesity

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions May Prevent Obesity

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The USPSTF recommends that clinicians refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicompetent behavioral interventions.

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Supplementation with n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy leads to higher body mass index (BMI) in offspring at age 6 years.

Asthma Affected Differently by Subcutaneous and Visceral Abdominal Fat

Asthma Affected Differently by Subcutaneous and Visceral Abdominal Fat

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Significant negative correlations were seen between visceral fat area and bronchial lumen diameter and lumen area, and significant positive correlations were seen between subcutaneous fat area and bronchial wall area and total area.

Drug Dependence, Obesity Prevalence Inversely Related

Drug Dependence, Obesity Prevalence Inversely Related

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The prevalence of obesity may be lower among drug-dependent individuals, particularly in those dependent on opioids, compared with the general population.

Semaglutide vs Liraglutide for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity

Semaglutide vs Liraglutide for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity

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Investigators examined the weight loss effects of semaglutide compared with liraglutide in patients with obesity who do not have diabetes.

Characteristics of Neighborhoods May Be Correlated With Childhood Obesity

Characteristics of Neighborhoods May Be Correlated With Childhood Obesity

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Investigators sought to determine whether geographic distribution of childhood obesity can inform and design the delivery of interventions.

Low and High Carbohydrate Diets Associated With Increased Mortality

Low and High Carbohydrate Diets Associated With Increased Mortality

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Investigators examined the long-term associated between mortality risk and carbohydrate intake.

Gender Differences Found When Rapid Weight Loss Occurs on Low-Energy Diet

Gender Differences Found When Rapid Weight Loss Occurs on Low-Energy Diet

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A low-energy diet for weight loss had different effects between men and women after weight reduction.

Influence of Weight Loss, Resistance Training, and Aerobic Training on Bone Health

Influence of Weight Loss, Resistance Training, and Aerobic Training on Bone Health

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Investigators assessed the effect of exercise modality during dietary-induced on bone health.

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

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While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.

Effect of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Obesity on Type 2 Diabetes

Effect of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Obesity on Type 2 Diabetes

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In the absence of obesity, patients with PTSD are not at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.

In Teens, Young Adults, High BMI May Hurt Cardiovascular Health

In Teens, Young Adults, High BMI May Hurt Cardiovascular Health

Higher body mass index is likely to cause worse cardiovascular health in youth.

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