Obesity

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Is Weight Stigma Worse Than Obesity? How to Provide More Compassionate Care

Is Weight Stigma Worse Than Obesity? How to Provide More Compassionate Care

Obesity rates are nearly 40% among US adults, but traditional treatment methods are found to contribute to weight stigma, creating a population that's unhealthier than ever.

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Therapeutic Effect of Long-Chain PUFA Omega 3 Supplementation in Obese Children

Therapeutic Effect of Long-Chain PUFA Omega 3 Supplementation in Obese Children

Investigators sought to determine whether supplementation of LCPUFA‐ω3 for 3 months would reduce insulin resistance and weight in adolescents with obesity.

Risk for Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring of Mothers With Obesity

Risk for Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring of Mothers With Obesity

Although congenital heart defects are more frequent in offspring of mothers with overweight or obesity, the relationship between maternal overweight and obesity and risk for complex and specific heart defects is not well defined.

Mood Disorder, Obesity Associated With Poorer Physical, Mental Outcomes

Mood Disorder, Obesity Associated With Poorer Physical, Mental Outcomes

The co-occurrence of obesity and mood disorders increases the risk for physical comorbidities, poor mental health and psychological well-being, and less healthy behaviors.

Obesity Linked to Lower Gray Matter Brain Volume

Obesity Linked to Lower Gray Matter Brain Volume

Obesity is associated with lower gray matter brain volumes.

No Evidence for Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners

No Evidence for Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners

There is no compelling evidence to indicate health benefits of nonsugar sweetener (NSS) use on a range of health outcomes.

Higher Rates of Comorbidities Among Holocaust Survivors

Higher Rates of Comorbidities Among Holocaust Survivors

Holocaust survivors in Israel have higher rates of comorbidities but lower mortality compared with a control population.

School Nutrition Programs Limit BMI Gains in Children

School Nutrition Programs Limit BMI Gains in Children

Body mass index increases in middle school students can be limited by school-based nutrition policies but not by physical activity policies.

Depression, Anxiety Predict Physical Health Indices As Strongly As Obesity

Depression, Anxiety Predict Physical Health Indices As Strongly As Obesity

Anxiety and depression predict poor future physical health as strongly as obesity and smoking in older adults.

Proportion of Cancers Attributable to Excess Body Weight Varies by US State

Proportion of Cancers Attributable to Excess Body Weight Varies by US State

A considerable proportion of cancer cases in men and women are attributable to excess body weight (EBW), with variation in the proportion among states.

Radiation-Related Cancer Risk Increased in Patients With Obesity

Radiation-Related Cancer Risk Increased in Patients With Obesity

Patients with obesity undergoing projection radiography receive a higher dose area product (DAP) than normal-weight adults.

Health Experts Review 41 Diets, Rank Best Overall for 2019

Health Experts Review 41 Diets, Rank Best Overall for 2019

An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.

Surgical Weight Loss Associated With Increases in Telomere Length

Surgical Weight Loss Associated With Increases in Telomere Length

Weight loss from laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery is associated with the lengthening of telomeres for patients who were in adverse cardiometabolic states before surgery.

Mindfulness-Based Eating Techniques Improve Eating Behavior, Reduce Weight in Obesity

Mindfulness-Based Eating Techniques Improve Eating Behavior, Reduce Weight in Obesity

Mindful eating techniques taught in a group setting lead to significant improvements in eating behavior and weight loss in patients with obesity.

New Navigation System Eliminates Need for X-Ray When Placing Obalon Balloon

New Navigation System Eliminates Need for X-Ray When Placing Obalon Balloon

The Obalon Balloon System is a swallowable intragastric balloon system that consists of a balloon folded inside a capsule.

CDC Statistics Report Indicates Increased Waist Size, BMI for Many US Adults

CDC Statistics Report Indicates Increased Waist Size, BMI for Many US Adults

From 1999-2000 to 2015-2016, there was an increase in mean weight, waist circumference, and body mass index (BMI) for many U.S. adults.

COPD and Obesity: Is There a Dose-Response Relationship in Nonsmokers?

COPD and Obesity: Is There a Dose-Response Relationship in Nonsmokers?

The odds of developing COPD were considerably higher in both men and women with class III obesity compared with normal weight individuals.

BMI May Mediate Inverse Association Between Fiber Intake, Knee Osteoarthritis

BMI May Mediate Inverse Association Between Fiber Intake, Knee Osteoarthritis

The inverse association between fiber intake and the risk for incident symptomatic knee osteoarthritis may be partially mediated by body mass index.

Very Few US Adults Are Metabolically Healthy

Very Few US Adults Are Metabolically Healthy

Very few U.S. adults are metabolically healthy.

BMI Change During Male Puberty Associated With Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

BMI Change During Male Puberty Associated With Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Increased BMI during puberty might worsen risk for adult type 2 diabetes in men.

Sleep Habits Affect Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescents With Overweight, Obesity

Sleep Habits Affect Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescents With Overweight, Obesity

Later circadian sleep timing, later weekday bedtimes, and shorter sleep duration were associated with insulin resistance in adolescents who had overweight or obesity.

Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescence Drives Cardiometabolic Dysfunction

Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescence Drives Cardiometabolic Dysfunction

Abdominal fatness in adolescence was associated with cardiometabolic dysfunction and BMI was found to be a beneficial tool for predicting effects of abdominal fat over time.

Metabolic Syndrome Highly Prevalent in Patients With Plaque Psoriasis

Metabolic Syndrome Highly Prevalent in Patients With Plaque Psoriasis

Metabolic syndrome and psoriatic arthritis were highly prevalent comorbidities in patients with plaque psoriasis.

Assessing Negative Attitudes Toward Weight Loss Surgery in US

Assessing Negative Attitudes Toward Weight Loss Surgery in US

A large proportion of the U.S. population seems to have negative attitudes toward weight-loss surgery.

Systematic Undercounting of Steps by Smartphones Widespread

Systematic Undercounting of Steps by Smartphones Widespread

Smartphones and wearable devices used to measure physical activity may systematically undercount the steps of older people and women.

Reduced Fertility in Obese Women May Be Related to Dysfunctional Insulin Pathway

Reduced Fertility in Obese Women May Be Related to Dysfunctional Insulin Pathway

A high BMI is associated with reduced follicle-stimulating hormone receptor expression in human chorionic gonadotropins, reduced expression of estradiol synthesis-related genes, and reduced production of estradiol.

Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Postpartum BMI Linked to T2D Risk

Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Postpartum BMI Linked to T2D Risk

Postpartum women with an elevated BMI score and a history of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Parental Perception of Child Weight Status Predicted by Child BMI z Scores

Parental Perception of Child Weight Status Predicted by Child BMI z Scores

Higher body mass index z scores in children strongly predicted parental perception that their child was overweight 2 years later, reflecting an awareness of already rising BMI.

Obesity Subtype May Determine Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery

Obesity Subtype May Determine Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery

There are distinct subgroups or subtypes of obesity and some of these groups, including adults with disordered eating, may derive more benefit from bariatric surgery than others.

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children, Adolescents at Higher Risk for CVD

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children, Adolescents at Higher Risk for CVD

Children and adolescents with metabolically healthy obesity had higher carotid intima-media thickness compared with metabolically healthy individuals who were a normal weight.

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Effective for Weight Loss, Decreased Cardiovascular Events

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Effective for Weight Loss, Decreased Cardiovascular Events

A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.

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