Obesity

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Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

Of various interventions used in nonclinical settings for the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, school-based programs that combine nutrition and exercise and include a home-based component appear to be the most effective approaches.

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Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Researchers assessed the effect of formula supplementation vs breastfeeding on the gut microbiome and risk of infant overweight.

CDC: Obesity Prevalence Higher in Non-Metropolitan Counties

CDC: Obesity Prevalence Higher in Non-Metropolitan Counties

The prevalence of obesity is higher among those living in non-metropolitan counties versus metropolitan counties.

Many Working Americans Obtain Unhealthy Foods at Work

Many Working Americans Obtain Unhealthy Foods at Work

Many working Americans obtain food and beverages from work, and these foods often do not align with dietary guidelines.

Most Infants and Toddlers Consume Added Sugar

Most Infants and Toddlers Consume Added Sugar

The researchers found that on a given day, 85 percent of infants and toddlers had any consumption of added sugar.

Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

Researchers assessed current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults, as well as the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex among participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Better Dietary Patterns Among U.S. Adults Could Save Billions

Better Dietary Patterns Among U.S. Adults Could Save Billions

Increased adherence to healthy dietary patterns could result in health care savings from improved health outcomes.

Metabolic Health Maintenance Key to Preventing Cardiovascular Disease

Metabolic Health Maintenance Key to Preventing Cardiovascular Disease

Regardless of long-term metabolic health maintenance, obesity remains a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Rose From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Rose From 1999 to 2014

If current trends continue, one-third of children and one-half of adolescents will be obese or overweight by 2030.

FDA Approves Updated Labeling for Two Obesity Treatments

FDA Approves Updated Labeling for Two Obesity Treatments

Specifically, the new labeling includes updated data on the global rate of occurrence related to these adverse events.

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.

Diazoxide Decreases Insulin Levels in Obese Men Without Diabetes

Diazoxide Decreases Insulin Levels in Obese Men Without Diabetes

Investigators assessed the effects of diazoxide on lipid and glucose metabolism in obese men with diabetes.

Exercise Modifies Predisposition to Obesity After Menopause

Exercise Modifies Predisposition to Obesity After Menopause

Physical activity modifies the association between the body mass index genetic risk score and BMI.

Childhood Overweight Increases Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood

Childhood Overweight Increases Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood

Investigators examined changes in weight from childhood to early adulthood and the risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

Endocrinologist Kevin M. Pantalone, DO, and psychiatrist Christian Kohler, MD, discuss the risk associated with the use of antipsychotic medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Severe Obesity Linked to Rapid Progression of Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe Obesity Linked to Rapid Progression of Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe obesity is associated with more rapid progression of disability in rheumatoid arthritis.

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

Baseline obesity is associated with an increased risk for late-life mobility limitations in women undergoing joint replacement for OA.

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

In 2014, health care provider counseling for weight loss for adults with arthritis and overweight or obesity was 45.5 percent, up 10.4 percent from 2002.

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Eesearchers found that baseline metabolically healthy obesity was not significantly associated with incident cardiovascular disease, compared with metabolically healthy normal weight.

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

Maternal caffeine intake >200 mg/day during pregnancy was associated with high weight gain velocity beginning from the first months of life and higher BMI throughout childhood.

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severely obese rheumatoid arthritis patients also had worse disability at baseline than overweight patients.

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

Researchers sought to determine the predictive value of tibiofemoral MRI, patellofemoral MRI, and KLG1 for the incidence of clinical or radiographic knee OA.

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Based on findings from a systematic review of the literature, recommendations have been developed for improving the evidence for natural experiments in obesity.

Improved research methods needed to determine effectiveness of anti-obesity public health initiatives

Researchers found that amongst nearly 300 studies reporting the impact of policies, programs, or changes in built environment on controlling and preventing obesity, most natural experiments had high risk of bias and poor handling of dropouts and withdrawals.

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

Researchers assessed the weight stigma experiences of 1,513 men, examining the characteristics of men who experienced weight stigma versus men who did not.

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Targeted diabetes screening based only on age and weight criteria will identify approximately half of US adults with dysglycemia.

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Results suggest that circadian preference and meal timing are novel and possibly modifiable risk factors for obesity in type 2 diabetes.

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

A soda tax does influence daily consumption of regular soda, energy drinks, and bottled water.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Ethnicity,race, markers of insulin resistance, and genetic factors might help identify obese youth at risk for developing fatty liver.

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Researchers examined the relationship between early to mid-childhood adiposity measures and mid-childhood alanine aminotransferase levels.

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