Obesity

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Is Weight Stigma Worse Than Obesity? How to Provide More Compassionate Care

Is Weight Stigma Worse Than Obesity? How to Provide More Compassionate Care

Obesity rates are nearly 40% among US adults, but traditional treatment methods are found to contribute to weight stigma, creating a population that's unhealthier than ever.

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Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescence Drives Cardiometabolic Dysfunction

Abdominal Adiposity in Adolescence Drives Cardiometabolic Dysfunction

Abdominal fatness in adolescence was associated with cardiometabolic dysfunction and BMI was found to be a beneficial tool for predicting effects of abdominal fat over time.

Metabolic Syndrome Highly Prevalent in Patients With Plaque Psoriasis

Metabolic Syndrome Highly Prevalent in Patients With Plaque Psoriasis

Metabolic syndrome and psoriatic arthritis were highly prevalent comorbidities in patients with plaque psoriasis.

Assessing Negative Attitudes Toward Weight Loss Surgery in US

Assessing Negative Attitudes Toward Weight Loss Surgery in US

A large proportion of the U.S. population seems to have negative attitudes toward weight-loss surgery.

Systematic Undercounting of Steps by Smartphones Widespread

Systematic Undercounting of Steps by Smartphones Widespread

Smartphones and wearable devices used to measure physical activity may systematically undercount the steps of older people and women.

Reduced Fertility in Obese Women May Be Related to Dysfunctional Insulin Pathway

Reduced Fertility in Obese Women May Be Related to Dysfunctional Insulin Pathway

A high BMI is associated with reduced follicle-stimulating hormone receptor expression in human chorionic gonadotropins, reduced expression of estradiol synthesis-related genes, and reduced production of estradiol.

Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Postpartum BMI Linked to T2D Risk

Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Postpartum BMI Linked to T2D Risk

Postpartum women with an elevated BMI score and a history of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Parental Perception of Child Weight Status Predicted by Child BMI z Scores

Parental Perception of Child Weight Status Predicted by Child BMI z Scores

Higher body mass index z scores in children strongly predicted parental perception that their child was overweight 2 years later, reflecting an awareness of already rising BMI.

Obesity Subtype May Determine Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery

Obesity Subtype May Determine Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery

There are distinct subgroups or subtypes of obesity and some of these groups, including adults with disordered eating, may derive more benefit from bariatric surgery than others.

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children, Adolescents at Higher Risk for CVD

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children, Adolescents at Higher Risk for CVD

Children and adolescents with metabolically healthy obesity had higher carotid intima-media thickness compared with metabolically healthy individuals who were a normal weight.

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Effective for Weight Loss, Decreased Cardiovascular Events

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Effective for Weight Loss, Decreased Cardiovascular Events

A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.

Obesity Linked to Risk for Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer in Women

Obesity Linked to Risk for Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer in Women

Obesity is associated with an increased risk for early-onset colorectal cancer (CRC) among women.

Initial ART Therapy Increases Fat and Lean Body Mass in Patients With HIV

Initial ART Therapy Increases Fat and Lean Body Mass in Patients With HIV

Patients with HIV who are initiating ART for the first time show a significant increase in fat and lean body mass during the first few years of treatment.

Effects of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Weight Loss Maintenance

Effects of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Weight Loss Maintenance

Lowering carbohydrate consumption increases energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance, which might increase the odds of successful obesity treatment.

Frequent Family Dinners Linked to Higher-Quality Diets in Adolescents, Young Adults

Frequent Family Dinners Linked to Higher-Quality Diets in Adolescents, Young Adults

Among adolescents and young adults, family dinner frequency is associated with healthful dietary intake, regardless of family functioning.

Genetic Analysis Shows Causal Link Between Higher BMI and Risk for Depression

Genetic Analysis Shows Causal Link Between Higher BMI and Risk for Depression

Being overweight likely plays a causal role in the development of depression, even in the absence of other health problems.

Child Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increased Asthma Risk

Child Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increased Asthma Risk

Children who are overweight or obese have an increased risk for asthma.

Large For Gestational Age a Strong Predictor of Overweight, Obesity in Childhood

Large For Gestational Age a Strong Predictor of Overweight, Obesity in Childhood

Large for gestational age (LGA) is a stronger marker than maternal diabetes for subsequently being overweight or obese in early childhood.

Measures of Maximum BMI, Weight History Linked to All-Cause Mortality

Measures of Maximum BMI, Weight History Linked to All-Cause Mortality

Gauging weight history in clinical practice may help identify patients at risk for weight-related mortality.

Gestational Weight Gain and Offspring Bone Mineralization Outcomes

Gestational Weight Gain and Offspring Bone Mineralization Outcomes

There is a slight association between maternal gestational weight gain and offspring bone mineralization in under/normal weight women, but not in overweight/obese women.

Digital Obesity Treatment in Primary Care May Help Disadvantaged Patients

Digital Obesity Treatment in Primary Care May Help Disadvantaged Patients

Socioeconomically challenged patients with obesity and elevated cardiovascular risk may benefit from digital obesity treatment combined with health system resources.

Lifestyle Intervention Program Reduces Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome Risk

Lifestyle Intervention Program Reduces Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome Risk

A 12-month interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention program for prediabetic and obese patients was found to significantly reduce the risk for development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Obesity in Adolescence Increases Risk of Developing Pancreatic Cancer

Obesity in Adolescence Increases Risk of Developing Pancreatic Cancer

Men and women who are obese as adolescents are at an increased risk for pancreatic cancer in adulthood.

Insurance Coverage Expanding for Obesity Prevention, Treatment

Insurance Coverage Expanding for Obesity Prevention, Treatment

Coverage for adult obesity care improved substantially in Medicaid and state employee insurance programs between 2009 and 2017.

Food Sustainability and Public Health: What Is the Physician's Responsibility?

Food Sustainability and Public Health: What Is the Physician's Responsibility?

As the global population grows, food sustainability and its effect on public health becomes even more important.

Obesity Linked to Respiratory Infection Risk in Asthma

Obesity Linked to Respiratory Infection Risk in Asthma

Higher BMI in adults was related to an increase in moderate to severe upper respiratory infections.

Pathogenesis of Postprandial Hypoglycemia After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in T2D

Pathogenesis of Postprandial Hypoglycemia After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass in T2D

Postprandial hypoglycemia may occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with type 2 diabetes, independent from diabetes remission.

Can Television Shows Help Prevent Negative Bias Toward Patients With Obesity?

Can Television Shows Help Prevent Negative Bias Toward Patients With Obesity?

Watching episodes of the television medical drama House resulted in a significant shift in perceptions of obesity among medical students.

Safety and Effectiveness of the Most Common Bariatric Procedures Examined

Safety and Effectiveness of the Most Common Bariatric Procedures Examined

Smaller studies have suggested little or no difference in short-term weight loss between Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy.

Racial Disparities Observed in Childhood Obesity Rates

Racial Disparities Observed in Childhood Obesity Rates

In 2016 to 2017, the national obesity rate for youth ages 10 to 17 years was 15.8 percent, which was not statistically different from the 16.1 percent rate in 2016 alone.

Antibiotics, Antacids in Early Childhood Increase Risk for Obesity

Antibiotics, Antacids in Early Childhood Increase Risk for Obesity

Prescription of antibiotics and acid-suppressing medications in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for obesity.

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