Obesity

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Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

A man with morbid obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea presents with shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion. What is the next step in care?

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Postoperative Bariatric Surgery Outcomes With Helicobacter pylori

Postoperative Bariatric Surgery Outcomes With Helicobacter pylori

The Gram-negative bacterium Helicobacter pylori was associated with increased marginal ulceration rates, but otherwise had little impact on bariatric surgery outcomes.

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

A recent study examined the extent to which rising BMI accounts for reductions in the rate of mortality using data from cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and linked mortality files.

Reducing Eating Speed May Prevent Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Reducing Eating Speed May Prevent Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Eating speed can affect changes in obesity, body mass index, and waist circumference in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

A man with morbid obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea presents with shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion. What is the next step in care?

Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Obesity Development

Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Obesity Development

Public health policies should aim to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and encourage healthy alternatives such as water.

Bariatric Surgery Associated With Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm

Bariatric Surgery Associated With Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm

A recent study reported that the risk for suicide and non-fatal self-harm was increased after bariatric surgery.

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

High body fat levels are associated with elevated risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with normal body mass index.

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

The school-based healthy lifestyle program intervention encouraged healthy eating and physical activity and included a daily physical activity opportunities and termly cooking skills workshops.

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

Abdominal obesity and low inflammation levels independent of body mass index are inversely associated with fitness.

Obesity Associated With More Asthma Symptoms in Preschoolers

Obesity Associated With More Asthma Symptoms in Preschoolers

For preschool children, overweight/obesity is associated with more asthma symptom days and exacerbations among those not treated with a daily controller.

Health Care Costs Associated With Obesity Rising

Health Care Costs Associated With Obesity Rising

The amount of US health care resources devoted to treating obesity-related illness in US adults rose 29% from 2001 to 2015.

Poor Sleep Quality Associated With Higher BMI in Children

Poor Sleep Quality Associated With Higher BMI in Children

Sleep duration and circadian components of the sleep/wake cycle are linked to obesity-related eating behaviors and childhood body weight.

Managing Acute Pain in Patients With Severe Obesity

Managing Acute Pain in Patients With Severe Obesity

Pain management in patients who are obese can be a challenge due to their altered pharmacokinetic profile.

Bariatric Surgery May Improve Peripheral, Central Pain Sensitization

Bariatric Surgery May Improve Peripheral, Central Pain Sensitization

Patients were found to have improved pressure pain threshold at the patella and the wrist after weight loss associated with bariatric surgery, suggesting bariatric surgery may improve pain sensitization.

Obesity Trends in Children Enrolled in Special Nutrition Programs

Obesity Trends in Children Enrolled in Special Nutrition Programs

Findings indicate recent progress in reducing the prevalence of severe obesity among young children in the United States enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children.

Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome May Increase Prostate Cancer Recurrence

Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome May Increase Prostate Cancer Recurrence

Obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with increased recurrence among men with prostate cancer who undergo radical prostatectomy.

Does Bariatric Surgery Reduce CVD Risk Factors in Adolescents?

Does Bariatric Surgery Reduce CVD Risk Factors in Adolescents?

Weight loss after bariatric surgery in adolescents predicts the degree of longitudinal improvement in elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, and diabetes.

Higher BMI Tied to Communities With Higher Rates of Obesity

Higher BMI Tied to Communities With Higher Rates of Obesity

Body mass index and odds of overweight and/or obesity are increased with exposure to communities with higher rates of obesity.

Increased Risk of Complications After Bariatric Surgery vs Medical Treatment

Increased Risk of Complications After Bariatric Surgery vs Medical Treatment

Bariatric surgery is associated with lower risks of obesity-related comorbidities but a clinically important increased risk for complications compared with medical treatment.

Few American Adults Eat Recommended Amount of Fruit, Vegetables

Few American Adults Eat Recommended Amount of Fruit, Vegetables

Researchers found that only 12.2% of adults met fruit intake recommendations and 9.3% of adults met vegetable intake recommendations.

Bariatric Surgery Improves Health Outcomes, Reduces All-Cause Mortality

Bariatric Surgery Improves Health Outcomes, Reduces All-Cause Mortality

Obese patients who undergo bariatric surgery have reduced all-cause mortality, and obese adults with type 2 diabetes who undergo gastric bypass have improved outcomes.

Compound Found in Cinnamon Shows Potential as a Weight Loss Tool

Compound Found in Cinnamon Shows Potential as a Weight Loss Tool

The compound cinnamaldehyde, found in cinnamon, activates fat cells to start burning energy in both mice and humans.

Gastric Bypass vs Sleeve Gastrectomy Outcomes in Morbid Obesity

Gastric Bypass vs Sleeve Gastrectomy Outcomes in Morbid Obesity

No statistically significant difference in weight loss at 5 years was observed in comparing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy vs laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in morbidly obese patients.

New Nutrition Science Course Available for Physicians From AMA

New Nutrition Science Course Available for Physicians From AMA

The American Medical Association is offering a 3-hour online nutrition course for physicians to help patients make the nutritional changes they need to prevent and help treat heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Takeout Food May Increase Adverse Health Consequences in Children

Takeout Food May Increase Adverse Health Consequences in Children

Efforts to reduce takeaway meal consumption in children could have both short-term and long-term health benefits.

Home Visit Program Significantly Lowers Rates of Obesity in Young Children

Home Visit Program Significantly Lowers Rates of Obesity in Young Children

The "Minding the Baby" (MTB) parenting home visiting program can significantly lower rates of obesity in young children.

Adherence to Healthy Dietary Patterns Reduces Genetic Risk for Obesity

Adherence to Healthy Dietary Patterns Reduces Genetic Risk for Obesity

Researchers examined whether adherence to healthy dietary patterns interacts with the genetic predisposition to obesity.

Rate of Major Complications Low After Bariatric Surgery

Rate of Major Complications Low After Bariatric Surgery

The rates of 3 major complications at less than 30 days after bariatric surgery are low and vary among surgical procedures.

Text Message-Delivered Interventions Effective for Weight Management

Text Message-Delivered Interventions Effective for Weight Management

Extended-contact, text message interventions appears to be effective for adults in supporting weight management.

Exploring Risk Modification Between Obesity and Alzheimer Disease

Exploring Risk Modification Between Obesity and Alzheimer Disease

Research increasingly points to obesity and associated comorbidities as potential contributors to Alzheimer disease pathophysiology, suggesting that conditions such as prediabetes and diabetes may be modifiable risk factors.

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