Patients with HIV who are initiating ART for the first time show a significant increase in fat and lean body mass during the first few years of treatment.
Lowering carbohydrate consumption increases energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance, which might increase the odds of successful obesity treatment.
Among adolescents and young adults, family dinner frequency is associated with healthful dietary intake, regardless of family functioning.
Being overweight likely plays a causal role in the development of depression, even in the absence of other health problems.
Children who are overweight or obese have an increased risk for asthma.
Large for gestational age (LGA) is a stronger marker than maternal diabetes for subsequently being overweight or obese in early childhood.
Gauging weight history in clinical practice may help identify patients at risk for weight-related mortality.
There is a slight association between maternal gestational weight gain and offspring bone mineralization in under/normal weight women, but not in overweight/obese women.
Socioeconomically challenged patients with obesity and elevated cardiovascular risk may benefit from digital obesity treatment combined with health system resources.
A 12-month interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention program for prediabetic and obese patients was found to significantly reduce the risk for development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
Men and women who are obese as adolescents are at an increased risk for pancreatic cancer in adulthood.
Coverage for adult obesity care improved substantially in Medicaid and state employee insurance programs between 2009 and 2017.
As the global population grows, food sustainability and its effect on public health becomes even more important.
Higher BMI in adults was related to an increase in moderate to severe upper respiratory infections.
Postprandial hypoglycemia may occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in patients with type 2 diabetes, independent from diabetes remission.
Watching episodes of the television medical drama House resulted in a significant shift in perceptions of obesity among medical students.
Smaller studies have suggested little or no difference in short-term weight loss between Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy.
In 2016 to 2017, the national obesity rate for youth ages 10 to 17 years was 15.8 percent, which was not statistically different from the 16.1 percent rate in 2016 alone.
Prescription of antibiotics and acid-suppressing medications in early childhood is associated with an increased risk for obesity.
Access to ready-to-eat outlets that sell food for instant consumption is associated with greater risk for type 2 diabetes.
Triponderal mass index alone and in combination with body mass index (BMI) or subscapular skinfold thickness was not superior to BMI alone for estimating obesity-related outcomes in adulthood.
Treatment with bardoxolone methyl resulted in significant weight loss and showed no evidence of muscle wasting in patients with type 2 diabetes and stage IV chronic kidney disease.
Hyperglycemia, obesity, and hypertriglyceridemia in type 2 diabetes are negatively related to indices of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy.
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have increased odds of overweight/obesity compared with general population controls after adjustment for child co-occurring conditions.
Measures that quantified weight regain as a percentage of maximum weight lost had the strongest association and best fit with clinical outcomes.
The SAVE study was a multicenter, international clinical trial that tested the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure and normal care in patients with sleep apnea.
Obesity rates are nearly 40% among US adults, but traditional treatment methods are found to contribute to weight stigma, creating a population that's unhealthier than ever.
Gastric banding and metformin resulted in similar improvements in insulin sensitivity in moderately obese adults with impaired glucose tolerance or mild T2D over a 2-year period.
From 2005 through 2014, an estimated 14,178 metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) procedures were performed among pediatric patients aged 20 years and younger with severe obesity.
The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study (N = 9340) evaluated the time from randomization to first occurrence of major adverse CV events (MACE) (non-fatal heart attack, non-fatal stroke, CV death) in patients treated with liraglutide 1.8mg once daily or placebo.
High childhood body mass index is strongly correlated with slipped capital femoral epiphysis.
Obesity was not associated with more aggressive clinicopathologic features of thyroid cancer.
The United States will have the largest drop in life expectancy rankings of all high-income countries by 2040.
Children with asthma had a 66% higher risk for incident obesity compared with children without asthma.
For patients with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery is associated with a lower risk for macrovascular outcomes compared with not undergoing surgery.
Dietary supplements often include active pharmaceuticals, even after warnings from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Heritability of BMI was significantly higher in children living in high-risk obesogenic environments compared with those living in low-risk environments.
Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.
Girls with obesity in adolescence are associated with lower educational attainment and income-related outcomes compared with girls without adolescent obesity.
Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.
Breastfeeding is inversely associated with body mass index z scores measured at 12 months, and the association is attenuated with formula supplementation by six months.
In this new analysis, researchers looked at the long-term effects of the drug on diabetes prevention and remission in these patients.
Obesity is associated with loss of disease-free years irrespective of position in the social hierarchy and lifestyle.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with bone density and skeletal microarchitecture deterioration, leading to substantial cumulative bone loss.
Lorcaserin facilitates sustained weight loss without increasing the rate of major cardiovascular events among overweight or obese patients.
To understand the associations between exposure to gestational diabetes and the risk for maternal glucose metabolism and childhood adiposity, researchers followed a cohort of mothers and children for a median of 11.4 years.
For overweight/obese veterans with prediabetes, participation is higher for online Diabetes Prevention Programs, but weight loss is similar for online and in-person DPPs.
Lifestyle interventions focusing on diet and physical activity result in less excess gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity.
Untreated gestational diabetes is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in long-term follow-up of offspring.
Altered serum levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, omentin-1, and caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 fragment M30 in children with type 1 diabetes may signify metabolic differences that do not stabilize with insulin treatment.
The USPSTF recommends that clinicians refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicompetent behavioral interventions.
Supplementation with n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy leads to higher body mass index (BMI) in offspring at age 6 years.
Significant negative correlations were seen between visceral fat area and bronchial lumen diameter and lumen area, and significant positive correlations were seen between subcutaneous fat area and bronchial wall area and total area.
The prevalence of obesity may be lower among drug-dependent individuals, particularly in those dependent on opioids, compared with the general population.
Investigators examined the weight loss effects of semaglutide compared with liraglutide in patients with obesity who do not have diabetes.
Investigators sought to determine whether geographic distribution of childhood obesity can inform and design the delivery of interventions.
Investigators examined the long-term associated between mortality risk and carbohydrate intake.
While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.
Investigators assessed the effect of exercise modality during dietary-induced on bone health.
A low-energy diet for weight loss had different effects between men and women after weight reduction.
In the absence of obesity, patients with PTSD are not at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
Higher body mass index is likely to cause worse cardiovascular health in youth.
Investigators examined the effect of bariatric surgery and the incidence of microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes.
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.
Maternal prepregnancy obesity without pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was associated with a slightly increased risk of having a child with a neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorder.
American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.
The lifestyle physical activity program included weight education, control, self-monitoring, behavioral change techniques, and maintenance of behavior change.
A 36-month multicomponent behavioral intervention does not change BMI trajectory.
The researchers noted that these findings highlight the complexity of obesity as a disease that shares a common etiology with some psychiatric and addictive disorders.
Exercising, eating less were top weight loss methods; more women than men attempted weight loss.
Higher body fat percentage, higher waist circumference, and obesity were associated with a greater risk for RA in women.
Investigators examine the influence of gender, sex hormones, and obesity on the composition of gut microbiota in women with PCOS.
Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.
Patterns of self-regulation of toddlers and risk for obesity and whether they differ between boys and girls were examined.
Maternal adherence to a healthy lifestyle throughout children's childhood and adolescent years may result in a reduced risk for obesity.
Adherence to a healthy lifestyle among mothers during their offspring's childhood is associated with reduced risk of childhood obesity.
The AMA supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes and adding warning labels.
From 1988-1994 to 2009-2014 there has been an increase in prevalence of overweight/obesity, but a decrease in weight loss efforts.
Obesity has a substantial effect on general health parameters, but its role in rheumatoid arthritis is much more complex.
Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.
Consumers with obesity report favoring taste and value rather than health and nutrition.
Increased obesity for men, women living in medium, small versus large metropolitan statistical areas
Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.
Researchers assessed the effect of formula supplementation vs breastfeeding on the gut microbiome and risk of infant overweight.
The prevalence of obesity is higher among those living in non-metropolitan counties versus metropolitan counties.
Many working Americans obtain food and beverages from work, and these foods often do not align with dietary guidelines.
The researchers found that on a given day, 85 percent of infants and toddlers had any consumption of added sugar.
Researchers assessed current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults, as well as the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex among participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Increased adherence to healthy dietary patterns could result in health care savings from improved health outcomes.
Regardless of long-term metabolic health maintenance, obesity remains a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
If current trends continue, one-third of children and one-half of adolescents will be obese or overweight by 2030.
Specifically, the new labeling includes updated data on the global rate of occurrence related to these adverse events.
Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.
Investigators assessed the effects of diazoxide on lipid and glucose metabolism in obese men with diabetes.
Physical activity modifies the association between the body mass index genetic risk score and BMI.
Investigators examined changes in weight from childhood to early adulthood and the risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Endocrinologist Kevin M. Pantalone, DO, and psychiatrist Christian Kohler, MD, discuss the risk associated with the use of antipsychotic medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Severe obesity is associated with more rapid progression of disability in rheumatoid arthritis.
Baseline obesity is associated with an increased risk for late-life mobility limitations in women undergoing joint replacement for OA.
In 2014, health care provider counseling for weight loss for adults with arthritis and overweight or obesity was 45.5 percent, up 10.4 percent from 2002.
Endocrinology Advisor Articles
- Testosterone Use Remains High Among Men With Coronary Artery Disease
- Insulin Analogs vs Regular Human Insulin for Type 2 Diabetes
- Primary Characteristics of PCOS Predictive of Obstetric Complications
- Maternal Thyroid Function in Pregnancy Linked to Childhood Risk for Disease
- Trends in Bisphosphonate Use and Hip Fracture Rates in Denmark
- ADA's 2019 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Focus on Patient-Centered Care
- Sleep Habits Affect Insulin Sensitivity in Adolescents With Overweight, Obesity
- Levothyroxine Associated With Increased Mortality in Patients With Heart Failure
- Head-to-Head Comparison of Professional vs Personal CGM Systems in T1D
- Dual vs Triple Therapy for Metformin Treatment Intensification in Type 2 Diabetes
- Risk for Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring of Mothers With Obesity
- Is the MiniMed 670G System Safe for Children With Type 1 Diabetes?
- Gender-Affirming Hormonal Treatment and Long-Term Bone Safety
- Obesity Linked to Lower Gray Matter Brain Volume
- No Evidence for Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners