(HealthDay News) — Nutrition and weight loss research is needed in adults with mobility-impairing conditions, according to a review published in the December issue of Obesity Reviews.
Matthew A. Plow, PhD, of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, and colleagues conducted a systematic review of behavioral techniques used in nutrition and weight loss interventions for adults with neurological and musculoskeletal conditions causing mobility impairment.
“Obesity is a common comorbidity in adults with mobility-impairing neurological and musculoskeletal conditions, such as stroke and arthritis. The interaction between mobility impairments and environmental factors often compromises motivation and ability to engage in healthy behaviours,” Dr. Plow and colleagues wrote.
According to the researchers, there is a need to identify strategies for optimizing energy balance in mobility-impaired adults.
Results from the review showed that large, robust clinical trials have been conducted to investigate nutrition and weight loss interventions in adults with osteoarthritis. Similar clinical trials in adults with neurological conditions often have small numbers of participants, short-term follow-up and high rates of attrition.
Strategies for behavior change, description and implementation of interventions, and outcome measures varied across the studies.
“Nutrition and weight loss research in adults with mobility-impairing conditions is still in its formative stages, and there is a substantial need to conduct randomized controlled trials,” the researchers wrote.