HealthDay News — Individuals with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) have blunted β-cell sensitivity to changes in glycemia, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.

Marzieh Salehi, M.D., from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, and colleagues examined β-cell glucose sensitivity in the absence of meal stimulation and insulinotropic gut factors in 12 subjects without diabetes with prior GB surgery and seven matched non-surgical controls with normal glucose tolerance.

During a graded glucose infusion, blood glucose and insulin secretion rates were measured. Insulin sensitivity (SI) and glucose effectiveness (SG) were determined.

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The researchers found that GB subjects and controls had comparable SI. During the highest dose of glucose infusion, the GB subjects had relative hyperglycemia associated with significantly reduced β-cell glucose sensitivity throughout both step-up (GB: 34 ± 6 versus control: 82 ± 9 pmol.min-1.mM-1.L; P < 0.0001) and step-down (GB: 31 ± 6 versus control: 74 ± 9 pmol.min-1.mM-1.L; P < 0.0001) phases of the glucose infusion. Reduced SG was also seen among the GB subjects (GB: 0.04 ± 0.00 versus control: 0.07 ± 0.01 min-1; P = 0.004).

“In the absence of enteric stimuli β-cell sensitivity to changes in glycemia is blunted among individuals with GB, indicating a significant shift in a fundamental property of β-cell function several years after surgery,” the authors write.

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Salehi M, Gastadelli A, D’Alessio DA. Beta-cell sensitivity to glucose is impaired after gastric bypass surgery [published online November 20, 2017]. Diabetes Obes Metab. doi: 10.1111/dom.13165