(HealthDay News) — For adults, fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption correlates with increased daily total energy intake, according to a study published online in Public Health Nutrition.
Binh T. Nguyen, PhD, from the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, and Lisa M. Powell, PhD, from the University of Illinois at Chicago, examined the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on adults’ energy intake.
Data were included from 12,528 respondents aged 20 to 64 years who completed 24-hour dietary recall interviews for day 1 and day 2 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2003 to 2010.
The researchers found that fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption correlated with a 194.49 kcal and 205.21 kcal increase in daily total energy intake, respectively, and with increases in intake of saturated fat (3.48 and 2.52 g, respectively) and sodium (296.38 and 451.06 mg, respectively).
The impact of restaurant food consumption on net energy intake was moderated by individual characteristics, with larger adverse impacts for black adults compared with white and Hispanic adults, and for middle-income vs. high-income adults.
“Adults’ fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption was associated with higher daily total energy intake and poorer dietary indicators,” the researchers wrote.