OBJECTIVE People with diabetes frequently develop vascular disease. We investigated the relationship between blood 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OH-D) concentration and vascular disease risk in type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The relationships between blood 25OH-D concentration at baseline and the incidence of macrovascular (including myocardial infarction and stroke) and microvascular (retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and amputation) disease were analyzed with Cox proportional hazards models and logistic regression in an observational study of patients in the 5-year Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes trial.

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