(HealthDay News) — Sugar-sweetened beverage intake is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, according to research published in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation.
Meng Wang, from the Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Hangzhou, China, and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies to examine the correlation between sugar-sweetened beverage intake and the risk for type 2 diabetes.
Using a random-effects model, the pooled relative risks for highest vs. lowest category of sugar-sweetened beverages were estimated.
The pooled effect estimate of sugar-sweetened beverages for type 2 diabetes was 1.30 (95% CI, 1.21-1.39), according to the data. On stratification by geographic region of the studies, the pooled effect estimates were 1.34 (95% CI, 0.74-2.43) in Asia; 1.30 (95% CI, 1.20-1.40) in the United States; and 1.29 (95% CI, 1.09-1.53) in Europe.
The pooled effect estimates were 1.26 (95% CI, 1.16-1.36) and 1.38 (95% CI, 1.23-1.56), respectively, with and without adjustment for BMI.
“Our findings suggested that sugar-sweetened beverages intake was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and the association was attenuated by adjustment for BMI,” the researchers wrote. “Specifically, the associations were also found significant positive in USA, Europe.”