(HealthDay News) — Sources of dietary fat may influence risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to research presented at the 50th European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting in Vienna.

Ulrika Ericson, PhD, of the Lund University Diabetes Center in Malmö, Sweden, and colleagues analyzed data for 26,930 individuals (60% women), aged 45 to 74 years, over 14 years of follow-up, to assess the association between intake of dietary fat and incident type 2 diabetes.

The incidence of type 2 diabetes was lower (HR=0.77; 95% CI, 0.68-0.87; P for trend<.001) for those in the highest quintile for intake of high-fat dairy products (median, eight portions per day) compared with the lowest quintile (median, one portion per day), the researchers found. 

High intake of meat and meat products was associated with increased risk for incident type 2 diabetes for both high-fat meat (HR=1.09; 95% CI, 0.97-1.24; P for trend=.04) and low-fat meat (HR=1.25; 95% CI, 1.11-1.41; P for trend<.001).

“The decreased risk at high intakes of high-fat dairy products, but not of low-fat dairy products, indicate that dairy fat, at least partly, explains observed protective associations between dairy intake and type 2 diabetes,” Ericson said in a statement. 

“Our findings suggest, that in contrast to animal fats in general, fats specific to dairy products may have a role in prevention of type 2 diabetes.”

Reference

  1. Ericson U et al. Abstract 62. Presented at: European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting; Sept. 15-19, 2014; Vienna, Austria.