(HealthDay News) — Dispositional mindfulness seems to be associated with improved glucose regulation, according to a study published in the American Journal of Health Behavior.
Eric B. Loucks, PhD, from the Brown University School of Public Health in Providence, Rhode Island, and colleagues examined whether dispositional mindfulness correlates with glucose regulation and type 2 diabetes in a cohort of 399 participants from the New England Family Study. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to assess dispositional mindfulness. American Diabetes Association criteria were used to define type 2 diabetes and normal plasma glucose.
In multivariable-adjusted analyses, the researchers found that participants with high vs low MAAS scores were significantly more likely to have normal plasma glucose levels (prevalence ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.08-1.87). After adjustment for age, gender, race/ethnicity, family history of diabetes, and childhood socioeconomic status, high vs low MAAS scores were not associated with type 2 diabetes (prevalence ratio, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.34-1.88). There was evidence of mediation via obesity and sense of control in mediation analyses.
“These findings need to be replicated by prospective studies to establish causality and to evaluate potential implications for mindfulness-based interventions to reduce risk of type 2 diabetes,” the researchers wrote.