Hormonal Contraception May Raise Gestational Diabetes Risk

(HealthDay News) — The type of contraceptives used before pregnancy may influence the risk of gestational diabetes, according to research published in Preventing Chronic Disease.

Brittney A. Kramer, MPH, of the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services in Jefferson City, and colleagues analyzed data for 2,741 women who completed the 2007 to 2008 Missouri Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. The researchers sought to examine the association between contraceptive method used before pregnancy and maternal risk for gestational diabetes.

The researchers found that, among the women surveyed, 17.9% had used hormonal contraceptive methods and 8.3% were diagnosed with gestational diabetes. 

Women who used hormonal methods of contraception were more likely to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes (adjusted OR=1.43; 95%, 1.32-1.55) than those who used no contraception. Women who used barrier methods of contraception were less likely to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes (adjusted OR=0.79; 95% CI, 0.72-0.86) than those who used no contraception.

“Findings suggest there may be a relationship between type of contraceptive method and [gestational diabetes],” the researchers wrote. “More research is needed to verify contraception as a potential risk factor for [gestational diabetes].”


  1. Kramer BA et al. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;doi:10.5888/pcd11.140059.