(HealthDay News) — The predicted 10-year risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) varies by age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, income and state, according to a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Quanhe Yang, PhD, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, and colleagues used the updated nonlaboratory-based Framingham CVD Risk Score to estimate the state-specific 10-year risk for developing CVD. Data were included for 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System participants aged 30 to 74 years.
The age-standardized mean CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke risk scores were 14.6%, 10.4% and 2.3%, respectively, among men, and 7.5%, 4.5% and 1.8%, respectively, among women, the researchers found.
There were significant increases in risk scores with age, and the risk scores were highest among non-Hispanic blacks, those with less than a high school education and households with incomes less than $35,000.
There was considerable variation in state-specific age-standardized CVD, CHD and stroke risk scores, from lows in Utah (13.2%, 9.6% and 2.1%, respectively) to highs in Louisiana (16.2%, 11.7% and 2.6%, respectively) among men, and from lows in Minnesota (6.3%, 3.8% and 1.5%, respectively) to highs in Mississippi (8.7%, 5.3% and 2.1%, respectively) among women.
“These results support the development and implementation of targeted prevention programs by states to address the risk of developing CVD, CHD and stroke among their populations,” the researchers wrote.