(HealthDay News) — Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages by children is positively associated with triglyceride concentration, according to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition.
Maria I. Van Rompay, PhD, from Tufts University in Boston, and colleagues examined sugar-sweetened beverage intake in a multiethnic sample of children aged 8 to 15 years.
Cross-sectional associations between baseline sugar-sweetened beverage intake and blood lipid concentrations were assessed in 613 children; longitudinal associations between mean sugar-sweetened beverage intake and lipid changes over 12 months were examined in 380 children.
The researchers found that there were correlations for greater sugar-sweetened beverage intake with lower socioeconomic status, higher total energy, lower fruit/vegetable intake and more sedentary time. Greater sugar-sweetened beverage intake correlated with higher plasma triglyceride concentrations (62.4 mg/dL, 65.3 mg/dL and 71.6 mg/dL for children who consumed >0 to <2, ≥2 to <7 and ≥7 servings per week, respectively; P-trend=.03).
No cross-sectional association was seen for plasma HDL cholesterol.
Mean sugar-sweetened beverage intake over 12 months was not associated with lipid changes in the longitudinal analysis; among children who decreased their intake by ≥1 serving per week, the 12-month increase in plasma HDL-cholesterol concentration was greater than that seen in those whose intake stayed the same or increased (P=.02).
“Further research in large diverse samples of children is needed to study the public health implications of reducing SSB intake among children of different racial/ethnic groups,” the researchers wrote.