(HealthDay News) — Aerobic exercise leading to strong cardiorespiratory fitness can delay a man’s onset of age-related high blood pressure, researchers report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

The new findings are based on heart health data from nearly 14,000 men studied between 1970 and 2006. Researchers tracked each man’s blood pressure (BP) and kept tabs on their fitness using a strenuous treadmill exercise test.

Systolic BP increases to pre-high BP levels beginning around age 46 years for a man with low fitness, the researchers found. But men with high fitness don’t reach those same warning levels of systolic BP until around age 54. 

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Fitness also benefited diastolic BP, according to the data. A man with low fitness will reach warning levels of diastolicBP at about age 42 years, whereas men who are very fit won’t reach those levels of diastolic BP until a very advanced age, around 90.

“A higher level of fitness can significantly delay this natural increase of blood pressure with age,” study coauthor Xuemei Sui, MD, MPH, PhD, from the University of South Carolina’s Arnold School of Public Health in Columbia, told HealthDay.


  1. Liu J et al. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014;64(12):1245-1253.