For postmenopausal women, conjugated equine estrogen alone is associated with a long-term decrease in breast cancer incidence, while CEE plus medroxyprogesterone acetate is associated with increased incidence.
Postmenopausal women more often have sleep-onset insomnia disorder and are more likely to screen positive for obstructive sleep apnea.
For women going through menopause, type 1 diabetes is associated with higher coronary artery calcium volume and accelerated progression of CAC over time.
Premature menopause, defined as either surgical or natural menopause before 40 years of age, is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
In women with HIV, lower education and hepatitis C co-infection are independently associated with the onset of menopause before age 45 years.
For postmenopausal women, physical activity is associated with reduced risks for total fracture and hip fracture.
Longer use of estrogen hormone therapy is associated with higher cognitive status in late life.
Similar improvement seen in genitourinary syndrome of menopause symptoms, sexual function
Hysterectomy, even with ovarian conservation, is associated with an increased long-term risk for de novo depression.
Researchers sought to determine patient and visit characteristics associated with the discussion of postmenopausal vulvovaginal symptoms at well-woman examinations.
Researchers sought to assess the ability of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool to discriminate between women who do and do not experience major osteoporotic fractures.