Risk for Below Knee Amputations With Canagliflozin vs Other Antihyperglycemic Agents

stethoscope on notepad
stethoscope on notepad
Investigators analyzed real world data to examine the risk for below-knee amputations in patients with type 2 diabetes taking canagliflozin vs other medications.
The following article is part of conference coverage from the American Diabetes Association’s 78th Scientific Sessions (ADA 2018) in Orlando,Florida. Endocrinology Advisor’s staff will report on medical research and technological advances in diabetes and diabetes education, conducted by experts in the field. Check back for the latest news from ADA 2018.

ORLANDO — A real-world analysis of individuals within the United States examined the association of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) on below knee amputation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was presented at the American Diabetes Association’s 78th Scientific Sessions held in Orlando, Florida, June 22 – 26, 2018.

This study analyzed more than 700,000 individuals from 4 databases around the United States, which included canagliflozin users (n=142,000), other SGLT2i users (n=110,000), and non-SGLT2i users (n=460,000). A prespecified protocol examined the risk for amputation and hospitalization for heart failure.

This large comprehensive study demonstrated that individuals who used canagliflozin and other SGLT2i treatments had no increased risk for below knee amputation than those using non-SGLT2i. The study analysis demonstrated a reduction in hospitalizations for heart failure for patients using SGLT2i.  Data collection took place over a 6-month period, so further studies need to look at the long-term effect of canagliflozin, other SGLT2is, and non-SGLT2is. This study helps bridge the gap between observed clinical practices and evidence from clinical trials.

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This study was supported by Janssen Research & Development, LLC. Please refer to reference for a complete list of authors’ disclosures.

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Buse JB, Ryan P, Schuemie M, et al. Canagliflozin (CANA) vs. other antihyperglycemic agents on the risk of below-knee amputation (BKA) for patients with T2DM—a real-world analysis of >700,000 U.S. patients. Poster presentation at: ADA 2018 78th Scientific Sessions; June 22-26, 2018; Orlando, FL. Poster 4-LB.