Indications for XELJANZ XR:
Moderately-to-severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate (MTX), as monotherapy or in combination with MTX or other nonbiologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Active psoriatic arthritis in adults who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to MTX or other DMARDs, in combination with nonbiologic DMARDs.
Swallow whole. 11mg once daily. Renal or hepatic impairment, concomitant CYP3A4 inhibitors: switch to immediate-rel tabs; see full labeling. Concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers: not recommended. Other dose adjustments: see full labeling.
Serious infections. Mortality. Malignancy. Thrombosis.
Increased risk of serious or fatal infections (eg, TB, bacterial, viral, invasive fungal, or other opportunistic pathogens) esp. with 10mg twice daily dose (in UC treatment). Avoid in active, serious, or localized infections. Chronic, recurrent, or history of serious or opportunistic infections. Travel to, or residence in, areas with endemic TB or mycoses. Conditions that predispose to infection. Test/treat latent TB infection prior to and per applicable guidelines during therapy. Monitor closely if new infection, active TB (even if initial latent test is negative), reactivation of herpes virus or hepatitis occurs; interrupt treatment if serious or opportunistic infection, or sepsis develops. Screen for viral hepatitis (eg, Hep B or C) prior to initiation. History of chronic lung disease or in those who develop interstitial lung disease. RA patients age ≥50yrs with ≥1 CV risk factor on 10mg twice daily dose: increased rate of all-cause mortality and thrombosis. Patients at increased risk for thombosis; avoid. Known malignancy. GI perforation risk (eg, history of diverticulitis). Discontinue and evaluate if serious hypersensitivity reaction occurs. Monitor lymphocytes at baseline, then every 3 months; neutrophils and hemoglobin at baseline, after 4–8 weeks, then every 3 months thereafter. Do not initiate therapy if lymphocytes <500cells/mm3, ANC <1000cells/mm3, or hemoglobin <9g/dL. Severe hepatic impairment: not recommended. Routinely monitor liver enzymes; interrupt therapy if drug-induced liver injury suspected. Monitor lipids 4–8 weeks following initiation. Perform periodic skin exam in those with skin cancer risk. Update immunization based on current guidelines prior to initiating therapy. XR tabs: pre-existing severe GI narrowing. Diabetes. Elderly. Pregnancy: females of reproductive potential should consider prevention. Nursing mothers: not recommended [during and for ≥18hrs (tabs) or ≥36hrs (XR tabs) after last dose].
Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor.
Concomitant live vaccines, biologic DMARDs, biologics for UC, or potent immunosuppressants (eg, azathioprine, cyclosporine, tacrolimus): not recommended. Potentiated by strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, ketoconazole), or drugs that result in both moderate CYP3A4 and strong CYP2C19 (eg, fluconazole) inhibition; see Adults. Antagonized by strong CYP3A4 inducers (eg, rifampin); see Adults.
Upper respiratory tract infections, headache, diarrhea, nasopharyngitis, increased blood CPK, rash, herpes zoster; serious or opportunistic infections, TB, malignancies (eg, lymphoma), thrombosis (evaluate and discontinue if occurs), cytopenias, liver enzyme or lipid elevations, non-melanoma skin cancer, hypersensitivity reactions.
Tabs 5mg—28, 60; 10mg—28, 60, 180; XR tabs—14, 30