Indications for SURVANTA:
Prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants.
See literature for dosing chart, administration, and additional support procedures. 100mg of phospholipids (4mL)/kg birth weight per dose, by intratracheal administration; max 4 doses, at 6-hr intervals in the first 48hrs after birth. Rescue: give 1st dose as soon as possible after infant is placed on mechanical ventilation for treatment of RDS. Prevention: give 1st dose as soon as possible after birth, preferably within 15 mins. Avoid suctioning for 1 hour after treatment, unless significant airway obstruction occurs. Retreatment is determined by continued respiratory distress. Get radiographic confirmation of RDS in those infants given preventative dose before giving additional doses.
Interrupt dosing if bradycardia or oxygen desaturation occurs; treat; resume after stabilization. Monitor oxygenation, carbon dioxide, and clinical condition frequently and carefully.
Dosing procedure reactions including oxygen desaturation and bradycardia, rales, moist breath sounds, sepsis, intracranial hemorrhage.
Vials (4mL, 8mL)—1