Select therapeutic use:

Parkinsonism:

Indications for PARLODEL:

Parkinsonism. Patients unresponsive to levodopa are poor candidates for Parlodel therapy.

Adult:

Take with food. Initially 1.25mg twice daily. May increase every 14–28 days by 2.5mg/day; max 100mg/day. Maintain levodopa dose at first.

Children:

Not established.

Contraindications:

Uncontrolled hypertension. Ergot alkaloid sensitivity. Pregnancy (in patients being treated for hyperprolactinemia). Hypertension of pregnancy. Postpartum women with a history of coronary artery disease and other severe CV conditions.

Warnings/Precautions:

Evaluate pituitary first. Discontinue if hypertension, severe headache, or CNS toxicity occurs. Evaluate unexplained pleuropulmonary disorders; consider discontinuing if occurs. Risk of retroperitoneal fibrosis (esp. on long-term, high-dose therapy); discontinue if suspected or confirmed. Impulse control/compulsive behaviors (eg, gambling, uncontrolled spending, sexual or other urges) during therapy; consider reducing dose or discontinuing if develop. Psychosis. Dementia. Cardiovascular disease (eg, MI, arrhythmias). Galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption: not recommended. Macroprolactinoma: monitor visual fields. Peptic ulcer. GI bleed. Monitor for tumor expansion; discontinue and consider alternatives if occurs. Evaluate hematopoietic, cardiovascular (monitor BP), hepatic and renal function periodically. Perform periodic skin exams. Avoid abrupt cessation. Use barrier contraception until ovulation normalizes. Pregnancy (Cat.B); discontinue if occurs in patients with hyperprolactinemia; assess risk vs benefit in other indications (see full labeling). Nursing mothers: not recommended.

See Also:

Pharmacologic Class:

Dopamine agonist (ergot deriv).

Interactions:

See Contraindications. Adverse reactions potentiated by alcohol. Potentiated by macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), octreotide, other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, azole antimycotics, HIV protease inhibitors). Concomitant ergot alkaloids: not recommended. Caution with dopamine antagonists, butyrophenones, drugs that affect BP. Antagonized by phenothiazines, haloperidol, metoclopramide, pimozide.

Adverse Reactions:

GI upset, headache, dizziness, fatigue, lightheadedness, drowsiness, hypotension; rare: hypertension, seizures, stroke, MI. Acromegaly: also digital vasospasm, GI bleed. Parkinsonism: also involuntary movements, hallucinations, confusion, on-off phenomenon, visual disturbance, ataxia, insomnia.

Metabolism:

Hepatic.

Elimination:

Fecal (~82%). Renal (~5.6%).

How Supplied:

Tabs, caps—30, 100

Pricing for PARLODEL

2.5mg tablet (Qty: 30)
Appx. price $47
GoodRx

Pituitary disorders:

Indications for PARLODEL:

Hyperprolactinemia-associated amenorrhea (with or without) galactorrhea, infertility, hypogonadism. Prolactin-secreting adenomas. Acromegaly.

Adult:

Take with food. Hyperprolactinemia: initially 1.25–2.5mg/day, may increase every 2–7 days by 2.5mg/day; range 2.5–15mg/day. Acromegaly: 1.25–2.5mg at bedtime for 3 days then increase by 1.25–2.5mg/day every 3–7 days; range 20–30mg/day; max 100mg/day.

Children:

<11yrs: not established. 11–15yrs: initially 1.25mg–2.5mg daily; range 2.5–10mg/day.

Contraindications:

Uncontrolled hypertension. Ergot alkaloid sensitivity. Pregnancy (in patients being treated for hyperprolactinemia). Hypertension of pregnancy. Postpartum women with a history of coronary artery disease and other severe CV conditions.

Warnings/Precautions:

Evaluate pituitary first. Discontinue if hypertension, severe headache, or CNS toxicity occurs. Evaluate unexplained pleuropulmonary disorders; consider discontinuing if occurs. Risk of retroperitoneal fibrosis (esp. on long-term, high-dose therapy); discontinue if suspected or confirmed. Impulse control/compulsive behaviors (eg, gambling, uncontrolled spending, sexual or other urges) during therapy; consider reducing dose or discontinuing if develop. Psychosis. Dementia. Cardiovascular disease (eg, MI, arrhythmias). Galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency, glucose-galactose malabsorption: not recommended. Macroprolactinoma: monitor visual fields. Peptic ulcer. GI bleed. Monitor for tumor expansion; discontinue and consider alternatives if occurs. Evaluate hematopoietic, cardiovascular (monitor BP), hepatic and renal function periodically. Perform periodic skin exams. Avoid abrupt cessation. Use barrier contraception until ovulation normalizes. Pregnancy (Cat.B); discontinue if occurs in patients with hyperprolactinemia; assess risk vs benefit in other indications (see full labeling). Nursing mothers: not recommended.

See Also:

Pharmacologic Class:

Dopamine agonist (ergot deriv).

Interactions:

See Contraindications. Adverse reactions potentiated by alcohol. Potentiated by macrolide antibiotics (eg, erythromycin), octreotide, other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, azole antimycotics, HIV protease inhibitors). Concomitant ergot alkaloids: not recommended. Caution with dopamine antagonists, butyrophenones, drugs that affect BP. Antagonized by phenothiazines, haloperidol, metoclopramide, pimozide.

Adverse Reactions:

GI upset, headache, dizziness, fatigue, lightheadedness, drowsiness, hypotension; rare: hypertension, seizures, stroke, MI. Acromegaly: also digital vasospasm, GI bleed. Parkinsonism: also involuntary movements, hallucinations, confusion, on-off phenomenon, visual disturbance, ataxia, insomnia.

Metabolism:

Hepatic.

Elimination:

Fecal (~82%). Renal (~5.6%).

How Supplied:

Tabs, caps—30, 100

Pricing for PARLODEL

2.5mg tablet (Qty: 30)
Appx. price $47
GoodRx