Body Mass Index

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Results suggest that circadian preference and meal timing are novel and possibly modifiable risk factors for obesity in type 2 diabetes.

No association of overweight childhood and adult type 2 diabetes risk after weight loss

Compared to men who were never overweight, those overweight at age 7 who returned to a normal body mass index by age 13 had no increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Current care should encourage women to plan to breastfeed, provide corrective information for specific beliefs, and address issues relating to body image and social knowledge.

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

By

Metabolites could be mediators in the connection between gut microbiota and obesity and points to potential future opportunities for targeting the gut microbiota in the prevention of obesity.

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

For men with metastatic melanoma treated with targeted or immune therapy, obesity is associated with improved survival.

BMI Linked to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus

BMI Linked to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus

For patients with chronic hepatitis B virus, body mass index is significantly associated with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, with the risk more pronounced for women than men.

Cryoablation of Posterior Vagal Trunk Feasible in Obesity

Cryoablation of Posterior Vagal Trunk Feasible in Obesity

Following the success of this preliminary safety and feasibility study, more patients are being recruited for a larger clinical trial of the procedure to test the efficacy and durability of the procedure.

Risk for Childhood Obesity Increased With Low Maternal Vitamin D Levels

Risk for Childhood Obesity Increased With Low Maternal Vitamin D Levels

By

Researchers evaluated the association between low maternal vitamin D status in early pregnancy and the likelihood of childhood obesity in the offspring.

Bariatric Surgery Underused in Adolescents With Severe Obesity

Bariatric Surgery Underused in Adolescents With Severe Obesity

By

Results comparing the prevalence of obesity amongst adolescents with the rate of bariatric surgeries were presented at ENDO 2018.

Reducing Total Daily Insulin Dose in T2D: 3-Meal vs 6-Meal Diet

Reducing Total Daily Insulin Dose in T2D: 3-Meal vs 6-Meal Diet

By

In people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, a meal schedule that includes a high-energy breakfast promotes weight loss, improves diabetes, and decreases the need for insulin.

Obesity May Increase Cardiovascular Morbidity, Mortality

Obesity May Increase Cardiovascular Morbidity, Mortality

Results provide critical perspective on cardiovascular disease associated with overweight and obesity and challenge both the obesity paradox as well as the view that overweight is associated with greater longevity.

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

A recent study examined the extent to which rising BMI accounts for reductions in the rate of mortality using data from cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and linked mortality files.

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

High body fat levels are associated with elevated risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with normal body mass index.

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

The school-based healthy lifestyle program intervention encouraged healthy eating and physical activity and included a daily physical activity opportunities and termly cooking skills workshops.

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

By

Abdominal obesity and low inflammation levels independent of body mass index are inversely associated with fitness.

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

By

Study uses data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort to investigate possible relationships between knee osteoarthritis and components of the metabolic syndrome.

Addition of Bariatric Surgery to Intensive Medical Therapy More Effective at Resolving T2D Hyperglycemia

Addition of Bariatric Surgery to Intensive Medical Therapy More Effective at Resolving T2D Hyperglycemia

By

Bariatric surgery improved outcomes in weight, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and quality of life compared with intensive medical therapy alone.

Intentional Weight Loss in Postmenopausal Women Associated With Reduced Endometrial Cancer RIsk

Intentional Weight Loss in Postmenopausal Women Associated With Reduced Endometrial Cancer RIsk

Weight loss during menopause is associated with a lower risk of endometrial cancer.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters



CME Focus