Serum intact parathyroid hormone levels may be an early marker to predict postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia.
All articles by Anna Kitabjian
Investigators examined the time to first event composing of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke.
Children of parents experiencing stressful and severe life events in early childhood may be at risk for type 1 diabetes developing.
Greater awareness of clinical and cost implications of gaps for patients with lower-severity gestational diabetes may improve postdelivery testing and referral.
Investigators examined the frequency of cardiovascular vs noncardiovascular deaths in individuals who developed prediabetes that did not progress to diabetes.
Investigators proposed that reduction in MACE may be proportional to the magnitude of HbA1c reduction seen with newer antihyperglycemic agents.
Serum chemerin may serve as a biomarker to identify pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome who are at particular risk for later abortion, and who may benefit from prevention strategies.
Further research is needed on whether high 25(OH)D might prevent type 2 diabetes or transition of prediabetes to diabetes.
Maintaining a basal insulin regimen over 12 or 24 months in a patient who has not yet reached the HbA1c <7% target provides little additional benefit toward reaching this goal.
Maternal caffeine intake >200 mg/day during pregnancy was associated with high weight gain velocity beginning from the first months of life and higher BMI throughout childhood.
Routine screening for neonatal hypoglycemia after pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes (GD) reveals high incidence of both mild and severe hypoglycemia for both diet-controlled and insulin-treated GD and across the full range of birth weight centiles.
The paradoxical finding of accelerated wound healing and increase in HbA1c in participants with better baseline glycemic control requires confirmation in further studies.
Metformin treatment during pregnancy did not influence the metabolic profile in women with polycystic ovary syndrome at 7.7 years of follow-up.
Study is the first to reveal a higher prevalence of iodine deficiency and hypothyroidism in children receiving chronic parenteral nutrition.
Compared to standard insulin treatment, noninsulin antidiabetic agents did not present an increased risk for fetal losses or major malformations when used in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.
Parents and healthcare workers should carefully consider the risk for obesity in infants born to women with diabetes, especially infants born large for gestational age, and should initiate preventive measures where possible.
Further studies are needed to assess whether beta-blockers are effective in reducing mortality and coronary events in patients with diabetes receiving optimal medical treatment.
The findings from a national sample underscore the importance of developing policies and programs that reduce the prevalence of obesity.
Compared with standard care, noninvasive coronary artery disease screening reduced cardiac events by 27% in individuals with asymptomatic diabetes. Results justify larger, appropriately powered trials to potentially revisit current recommendations.
Anti-osteoporotic medications (mainly bisphosphonates) seem to equally prevent bone loss, especially in the lumbar spine, in patients with diabetes compared with patients without diabetes.
Results suggest that first trimester use of insulin analogues does not increase the risk for a congenital anomaly in women with diabetes compared with the use of human insulin.
Early treatment of cardiovascular disease risk factors such as dyslipidemia and hypertension will have long-term benefits with low risk and cost and should be more widely used in pediatric type 1 diabetes care.
Metabolites could be mediators in the connection between gut microbiota and obesity and points to potential future opportunities for targeting the gut microbiota in the prevention of obesity.
Study provides stronger epidemiological evidence for obesity as a risk factor for diabetic polyneuropathy.
Shear wave elastography can be a useful tool in the preliminary diagnostics of parathyroid adenomas.
The study adds insight to the extent of both racial and regional variations in the prevalence of chronic kidney disease while calling attention to the magnitude of this disease in patients prior to being diagnosed with diabetes.
Researchers assessed the safety and accuracy of an implantable continuous glucose measurement in adults diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Researchers assessed whether alcohol intake affects response to glucagon in individuals with type 1 diabetes.
Researchers assessed differences in glycemic control, major cardiovascular risk factors, diabetes-related complications, sexual dysfunction prevalence, and endothelial function in young men and women with type 1 diabetes.