Type 1 Diabetes

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Higher Complications, Comorbidities in Youth With Type 2 Versus Type 1 Diabetes

Higher Complications, Comorbidities in Youth With Type 2 Versus Type 1 Diabetes

The prevalence of complications associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes diagnosed during childhood and adolescence was compared in a multicenter, observational study.

Do Higher Temperatures Increase Diabetes Incidence?

Do Higher Temperatures Increase Diabetes Incidence?

Age-adjusted diabetes incidence increased for every 1 degree celcius temperature increase.

Factors Associated With Lack of Diabetes Disease Awareness Identified

Factors Associated With Lack of Diabetes Disease Awareness Identified

A study found approximately one-third of people with diabetes were undiagnosed or unaware of the diagnosis.

Update: ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Emphasize Metformin Therapy

Update: ADA Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Emphasize Metformin Therapy

An update to the ADA's 2017 Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes indicates that, barring contraindication, patients with type 2 diabetes should undergo metformin therapy as first-line treatment.

Insulin Therapy in Pregnant Women With Preexisting Diabetes

Insulin Therapy in Pregnant Women With Preexisting Diabetes

Insulin types and regimens should be determined on an individual basis since there is insufficient data to support one treatment over another.

Complication Rates In Adolescents With Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Complication Rates In Adolescents With Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Investigators found early signs of kidney disease, retinopathy, arterial stiffness, and hypertension in adolescents with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Cumulative Excess BMI in Autoantibody-Positive Type 1 Diabetes

Cumulative Excess BMI in Autoantibody-Positive Type 1 Diabetes

Children younger than 12 were at an elevated risk of type 1 diabetes.

NIH Announces Major Artificial Pancreas Clinical Trials

NIH Announces Major Artificial Pancreas Clinical Trials

The studies will assess the safety, efficacy, and user-friendliness among other aspects, of multiple artificial pancreas devices.

Nutrition and Insulin Management Guidelines for Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes

Nutrition and Insulin Management Guidelines for Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes

Exercise management for patients with type 1 diabetes should be individualized, depending on insulin concentrations and exercise type/intensity.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Improves HbA1c in T1D

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Improves HbA1c in T1D

Patients with type 1 diabetes who used multiple insulin injections daily experienced reductions in HbA1c with continuous glucose monitoring.

Islet Autoimmunity Risk Not Affected by Infant Formula Type

Islet Autoimmunity Risk Not Affected by Infant Formula Type

The use of hydrolyzed vs nonhydrolyzed cow's milk-based infant formula does not appear to reduce risk for islet autoimmunity.

Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Gut Inflammation

Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Gut Inflammation

People with type 1 diabetes have specific changes in gut bacteria and inflammation of the digestive tract compared with people without the disease.

Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Enterovirus in Children

Type 1 Diabetes Associated With Enterovirus in Children

A recent study confirms that frequent enterovirus infection may contribute to the development of type 1 diabetes in children.

FDA Expands Indication for Dexcom G5 Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

FDA Expands Indication for Dexcom G5 Continuous Glucose Monitoring System

The FDA's expanded indication for the Dexcom G5 Continuous Glucose Monitoring System allows for replacement of fingerstick glucose testing.

Risk for Stroke Increased in Type 1 Diabetes

Risk for Stroke Increased in Type 1 Diabetes

The risks of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are increased with type 1 diabetes, with incrementally increasing risks with increasing HbA1c.

Centrally-Acting Opioid Linked to Case of Rebound Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

Centrally-Acting Opioid Linked to Case of Rebound Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes

The patient became severely hypoglycemic within 10 to 12 hours after taking the pain drug.

Standardized Insulin Sliding Scale Order Sheet Cuts Medication Errors

Standardized Insulin Sliding Scale Order Sheet Cuts Medication Errors

A standardized sliding scale insulin (SSI) order sheet can reduce the incidence of SSI-related medication errors.

Incidence of Hospitalization for Hypoglycemia Decreased in Type 1 Diabetes

Incidence of Hospitalization for Hypoglycemia Decreased in Type 1 Diabetes

For patients with type 1 diabetes, the incidence of hospitalization for hypoglycemia decreased over time in Denmark, with an 8.4% annual decrease.

Adverse Renal Outcomes Reduced With Lower BP in Type 1 Diabetes

Adverse Renal Outcomes Reduced With Lower BP in Type 1 Diabetes

For patients with type 1 diabetes, blood pressure (BP) of <120/70 mm Hg is associated with a substantially reduced risk of adverse renal outcomes.

Gastric Emptying in Type 1 Diabetes Unaffected by Liraglutide

Gastric Emptying in Type 1 Diabetes Unaffected by Liraglutide

For individuals with type 1 diabetes, liraglutide therapy does not affect the rate of gastric emptying during hypoglycemia.

Development of Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Arsenic Metabolism

Development of Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Arsenic Metabolism

Arsenic metabolism seems to be associated with type 1 diabetes in young people, with a potential interaction by folate levels.

In Type 1 Diabetes, Cumulative Incidence of ESRD is Low

In Type 1 Diabetes, Cumulative Incidence of ESRD is Low

Patients with type 1 diabetes diagnosed at age 15 to 27 years have low cumulative incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and increased mortality during long-term follow-up.

PCSK9, LDL Cholesterol Link Dependent on Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

PCSK9, LDL Cholesterol Link Dependent on Glycemic Control in Type 1 Diabetes

For patients with type 1 diabetes, the correlation between PCSK9 and LDL cholesterol is only seen in the highest tertile for HbA1c.

Low-Carb Diet Decreased Effect of Glucagon in Hypoglycemia

Low-Carb Diet Decreased Effect of Glucagon in Hypoglycemia

Low-carbohydrate diet results in lower incremental rises in plasma glucose after mild hypoglycemia.

Type 1 Diabetes Risk in Children Not Increased With Phototherapy

Type 1 Diabetes Risk in Children Not Increased With Phototherapy

Neonatal phototherapy is not associated with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published in Pediatrics.

Treated Diabetic Retinopathy Rare in Children With Type 1 Diabetes

Treated Diabetic Retinopathy Rare in Children With Type 1 Diabetes

Treated diabetic retinopathy is extremely rare among children with type 1 diabetes, according to research published in Diabetes Care.

Total, CVD Mortality Increased in Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

Total, CVD Mortality Increased in Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

Young adults with long-standing, childhood-onset type 1 diabetes have increased total and cardiovascular disease mortality.

FDA Green-lights First 'Artificial Pancreas' for Type 1 Diabetes

FDA Green-lights First 'Artificial Pancreas' for Type 1 Diabetes

Approval was based on a clinical trial that included 123 people with type 1 diabetes who used the MiniMed 670G hybrid closed-loop system for 3 months, after a 2-week period of no use.

Linear Decline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in Type 1 Diabetes

Linear Decline in Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate in Type 1 Diabetes

A wide range in the rate of eGFR decline was observed per year.

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