Reproductive Endocrinology

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Recent Increase in Contraception Use Noted Among US Teenagers

Increases in use of one or more contraceptive methods, dual-method use, long-acting reversibles.

Medicaid Expansion Increases Access to Family Planning Services

Medicaid Expansion Increases Access to Family Planning Services

1 in 3 women of reproductive age report better ability to access birth control, family planning services.

Reproductive Management in Multiple Sclerosis: Quick Takeaways for Your Practice

Reproductive Management in Multiple Sclerosis: Quick Takeaways for Your Practice

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While it is now well-established that having MS should not limit patients' reproductive choices, this was not always the case.

Are Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome More Likely to Develop Psychiatric Disorder?

Are Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome More Likely to Develop Psychiatric Disorder?

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Investigators observed an increased rate of obsessive compulsive disorder and somatization in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

International PCOS Network Issues New Guidelines for Management and Diagnosis of PCOS

International PCOS Network Issues New Guidelines for Management and Diagnosis of PCOS

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International evidence-based guidelines include 166 recommendations and practice points to improve health outcomes of women with PCOS.

Psychiatric Morbidity Decreased After Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment

Psychiatric Morbidity Decreased After Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment

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These analyses may serve clinicians in addressing potential psychiatric obstacles in patients undergoing fertility treatments.

Factors Associated With Decision Regret After Elective Oocyte Cryopreservation

Factors Associated With Decision Regret After Elective Oocyte Cryopreservation

Researchers identified factors associated with regret following elective oocyte cryopreservation among 201 women undergoing fertility preservation between 2012 and 2016.

Low Sperm Count Linked to Poor Metabolic, Cardiovascular, Bone Health

Low Sperm Count Linked to Poor Metabolic, Cardiovascular, Bone Health

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Researchers tested whether semen quality and reproductive function could be a marker of general health in men.

Metformin and PCOS: Improving Menstrual Cycle and Hormone Profiles

Metformin and PCOS: Improving Menstrual Cycle and Hormone Profiles

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Variable improvements in menses, hormones, and metabolism were seen during 24 months of metformin use in 119 women with PCOS sub-grouped by baseline weight and androgen status.

Unexplained Infertility Linked to Higher Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in Women

Unexplained Infertility Linked to Higher Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in Women

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Study raises the question of whether treatment with thyroid hormone replacement for individuals with TSH levels >2.5 mIU/L may be an economical first step in treating unexplained infertility.

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

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Researchers used the Family Planning Estimation Tool to evaluate the performance of 68 of the 69 countries involved in the Family Planning 2020 initiative.

Fertility Hormone Therapy and Cardiovascular Outcomes: What We Know

Fertility Hormone Therapy and Cardiovascular Outcomes: What We Know

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Although the use of fertility therapy has steadily increased in the past few decades, research findings pertaining to related long-term cardiovascular outcomes are scarce and conflicting.

Hypertensive Disorders During Pregnancy Increase Risk for Future CVD

Hypertensive Disorders During Pregnancy Increase Risk for Future CVD

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Women with hypertensive disorders during pregnancy have a significantly greater risk for future cardiovascular disease when compared with normotensive expecting mothers.

Pre-Existing Diabetes Rates Increasing Among Childbearing Women

Pre-Existing Diabetes Rates Increasing Among Childbearing Women

Between 2005 and 2014, the prevalence of chronic conditions increased across all segments of the childbearing population.

Long-Term Progestin-Only Oral Contraceptives Reduce Pelvic Girdle Pain

Long-Term Progestin-Only Oral Contraceptives Reduce Pelvic Girdle Pain

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Long-term exposure to progestin-only oral contraceptives or to a progestin intrauterine device is associated with a small beneficial effect on pelvic girdle pain.

Does Asthma Contribute to Infertility?

Does Asthma Contribute to Infertility?

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Asthma may increase the likelihood of a woman needing fertility treatments prior to becoming pregnant.

Prohibiting 3-Parent IVF: Does It Violate Procreative Rights?

Prohibiting 3-Parent IVF: Does It Violate Procreative Rights?

The prohibition of mitochondrial replacement therapy may unfairly impact women with mitochondrial disorders who are undergoing IVF.

Treating Endometriosis-Related Pain With Ethinylestradiol/Drospirenone Regimen

Treating Endometriosis-Related Pain With Ethinylestradiol/Drospirenone Regimen

Researchers examined the efficacy of FlexibleMIB (ethinylestradiol/drospirenone) vs placebo as therapy for endometriosis-related pain.

Ethical Considerations in Publicly Funded Fertility Treatment

Ethical Considerations in Publicly Funded Fertility Treatment

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High costs associated with in vitro fertilization create barriers to fertility treatments that many cannot overcome.

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Rates in Glyburide vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

Neonatal Hypoglycemia Rates in Glyburide vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

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Ten randomized controlled trials were examined to determine the efficacy and safety of glyburide vs insulin treatment for gestational diabetes.

ACOG: Guidelines for Teen Contraception Counseling

ACOG: Guidelines for Teen Contraception Counseling

Contraception conversations should take place as early as is appropriate.

CRISPR Editing Corrects Gene Causing Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

CRISPR Editing Corrects Gene Causing Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

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Researchers are examining the potential of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing to treat and prevent other genetic diseases.

Estrogen Exposure and Depression Risk Examined

Estrogen Exposure and Depression Risk Examined

A combination of early menstruation with more frequent periods may lower a woman's depression risk.

Elagolix Relieves Short-Term Menstrual Pain, Dysmenorrhea in Endometriosis

Elagolix Relieves Short-Term Menstrual Pain, Dysmenorrhea in Endometriosis

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist elagolix demonstrated clinical improvement for women with endometriosis-related pain.

Fewer Menstrual Cycles May Lead to Increased Risk for Heart Failure

Fewer Menstrual Cycles May Lead to Increased Risk for Heart Failure

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The fewer menstrual cycles women had over a lifetime placed them at greater risk for incident heart failure.

Does PCOS Increase Depression and Anxiety Symptoms?

Does PCOS Increase Depression and Anxiety Symptoms?

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Data from a systematic review and meta-analysis confirmed a higher risk of anxiety and depression in PCOS, but underlying factors are still unclear.

Migraine Management in Female Reproduction

Migraine Management in Female Reproduction

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The relationship between hormones and migraine is most frequently pronounced during the female reproductive years.

Endometrial Microbiota Modification Linked to IVF Failure

Endometrial Microbiota Modification Linked to IVF Failure

The presence of non-Lactobacillus microbiota was associated with significant decreases in implantation.

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