Prevention

CDC: Successful Start to National Diabetes Prevention Program

CDC: Successful Start to National Diabetes Prevention Program

Researchers at the CDC assessed participant-level data to determine the success of the National Diabetes Prevention Program.

USPSTF: No Thyroid Cancer Screening in Asymptomatic Adults

USPSTF: No Thyroid Cancer Screening in Asymptomatic Adults

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Thyroid cancer screening in asymptomatic adults was given a D recommendation because of the negative effects of screening outweighing any benefits.

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Should Be Individualized Based on Eye Health, Glycated Hemoglobin

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Should Be Individualized Based on Eye Health, Glycated Hemoglobin

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There is a 5% probability of progression from state 1 to state 5 between retinal screenings.

Insulin Use for Gestational Diabetes Associated With Postpartum Diabetes

Insulin Use for Gestational Diabetes Associated With Postpartum Diabetes

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Women who required insulin for gestational diabetes had an increased risk of developing postpartum diabetes.

Anticholinergic Medications May Increase Dementia Risk in Diabetes

Anticholinergic Medications May Increase Dementia Risk in Diabetes

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Patients with diabetes who take anticholinergic medications for overactive bladder may have an increased risk for dementia.

Can Compression Socks Be Safely Used in Diabetics With Lower Extremity Edema?

Can Compression Socks Be Safely Used in Diabetics With Lower Extremity Edema?

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A randomized controlled trial assessed whether mild lower extremity compression can be safely used in patients with diabetes and concurrent lower extremity edema.

Hypertension Family History May Accelerate Type 2 Diabetes Onset

Hypertension Family History May Accelerate Type 2 Diabetes Onset

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A retrospective cohort study evaluated whether having a family history of hypertension accelerates onset of type 2 diabetes.

Analyzing Trends and Recent Controversies in Cardiovascular Nutrition

Analyzing Trends and Recent Controversies in Cardiovascular Nutrition

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Recent evidence clearly indicates that patients should be eating whole foods rather than attempting to get vitamins and antioxidants from dietary supplements.

Admission Hyperglycemia Associated With Poststroke Infection, Worse Outcomes

Admission Hyperglycemia Associated With Poststroke Infection, Worse Outcomes

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Data from 2550 patients indicated a possible relationship between admission hyperglycemia and poststroke infection.

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Lacking Among Pediatric Patients

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Lacking Among Pediatric Patients

Black and Latino youth were less likely to undergo an eye examination for diabetic retinopathy within 6 years of their diagnosis.

Elevated Hair Cortisol Concentration Associated with Adiposity, Obesity Persistence

Elevated Hair Cortisol Concentration Associated with Adiposity, Obesity Persistence

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New research suggested that long-term exposure to increased cortisol may be associated with increased adiposity levels.

Brief Intensive Lifestyle and Drug Therapy Beneficial in Type 2 Diabetes

Brief Intensive Lifestyle and Drug Therapy Beneficial in Type 2 Diabetes

Participants who received either an 8- or 16-week course of intensive lifestyle and drug therapy achieved hemoglobin A1c criteria for complete or partial diabetes remission.

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global burden of heart disease linked to low fruit and vegetable intake was highest in Bangladesh and Mongolia, respectively.

Liraglutide Reduces Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Prediabetic Patients

Liraglutide Reduces Type 2 Diabetes Risk in Prediabetic Patients

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A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial sought to determine whether liraglutide decreased the percentage of patients with prediabetes and obesity who later developed type 2 diabetes.

American Gastroenterological Association Releases Obesity Practice Guide

American Gastroenterological Association Releases Obesity Practice Guide

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Gastroenterologists are in a unique position to lead a multidisciplinary care team for patients with obesity.

Preoperative Glargine Dosing May Affect Perioperative Glycemic Control

Preoperative Glargine Dosing May Affect Perioperative Glycemic Control

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Patients who received 60% to 87% of the normal evening glargine dose had the highest likelihood of achieving glycemic control.

Dietary Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Dietary Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Researchers found that high levels of dietary potassium are associated with reduced blood pressure.

Tax on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Leads to Less Consumption

Tax on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Leads to Less Consumption

The largest decrease in purchases was noted among households at the lowest socioeconomic level.

Using Analogies in Endocrinology to Better Care for Patients

Using Analogies in Endocrinology to Better Care for Patients

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An endocrinologist discusses the value of using everyday analogies to explain diabetes management issues to his patients.

Maternal Gestational Diabetes Increases Risk for Adverse Perinatal Outcomes

Maternal Gestational Diabetes Increases Risk for Adverse Perinatal Outcomes

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Data from a large nationwide cohort were used to determine risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in the setting of gestational diabetes.

Should Dentists Screen Periodontitis Patients for Diabetes?

Should Dentists Screen Periodontitis Patients for Diabetes?

Among patients with varying levels of periodontitis, prediabetes or type 2 diabetes diagnoses were common.

USPSTF: Intensive Behavioral Counseling Recommendations for Obese Adults Cost-Effective

USPSTF: Intensive Behavioral Counseling Recommendations for Obese Adults Cost-Effective

Prioritization base on patient's risk levels would lead to further health gains.

Addition of Bariatric Surgery to Intensive Medical Therapy More Effective at Resolving T2D Hyperglycemia

Addition of Bariatric Surgery to Intensive Medical Therapy More Effective at Resolving T2D Hyperglycemia

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Bariatric surgery improved outcomes in weight, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, and quality of life compared with intensive medical therapy alone.

Low Vitamin B12 Levels Associated With Long-Term Metformin Use

Low Vitamin B12 Levels Associated With Long-Term Metformin Use

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Researchers found that those at risk for low vitamin B12 levels are often not properly monitored.

Chemopreventive Impact of Metformin and Sulfonylurea in Women With Diabetes

Chemopreventive Impact of Metformin and Sulfonylurea in Women With Diabetes

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An observational study was conducted to assess the effect of metformin vs sulfonylureas on breast cancer risk in women with diabetes.

Physician Opioid Prescribing Practices Linked to Long-Term Patient Use

Physician Opioid Prescribing Practices Linked to Long-Term Patient Use

The top quarter of emergency department doctors prescribed opioids to almost 25% of their patients.

Should Blood Pressure Goals Differ in Patients With and Without Diabetes?

Should Blood Pressure Goals Differ in Patients With and Without Diabetes?

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Aggressive antihypertensive treatment (<130 mm Hg) may not be necessary in patients with diabetes.

2017 Updated Immunization Schedules Released by ACIP

2017 Updated Immunization Schedules Released by ACIP

The recommendations include several updates regarding influenza, HPV, hep B, and pneumococcal among others.

Nutrition and Insulin Management Guidelines for Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes

Nutrition and Insulin Management Guidelines for Exercise in Type 1 Diabetes

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Exercise management for patients with type 1 diabetes should be individualized, depending on insulin concentrations and exercise type/intensity.

Childhood Blood Pressure Trajectory Indicative of Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Childhood Blood Pressure Trajectory Indicative of Cardiovascular Disease Risk

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Blood pressure trajectory monitoring can provide "an important approach" to identify those at high risk of developing hypertension and CVD, according to study investigators.

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