Prediabetes

SPRINT Update: Positive CVD Outcomes With Intensive Blood Pressure Management in Prediabetes

SPRINT Update: Positive CVD Outcomes With Intensive Blood Pressure Management in Prediabetes

Patients with prediabetes who experienced intensive blood pressure management had better outcomes with CVD events and all-cause mortality.

Primary Care Providers Show Gaps in Prediabetes Risk Factors

Primary Care Providers Show Gaps in Prediabetes Risk Factors

Nearly one-third of surveyed PCPs were not familiar with the American Diabetes Association prediabetes guidelines.

High Risk of Insulin Resistance, PTSD Biomarkers in Military Veterans

High Risk of Insulin Resistance, PTSD Biomarkers in Military Veterans

By

Eighty-three veterans with PTSD participated in a study examining biological pathways between PTSD and metabolic diseases.

Low-Carbohydrate vs Low-fat Diet Success In Patients With Prediabetes Differs According to Fasting Insulin Levels

Low-Carbohydrate vs Low-fat Diet Success In Patients With Prediabetes Differs According to Fasting Insulin Levels

By

Fasting plasma glucose, insulin, and insulin sensitivity levels were measured to determine their prognostic value as markers for long-term weight loss.

SPRINT Subanalysis: Intensive SBP Control in Prediabetes vs Normal Fasting Blood Glucose

SPRINT Subanalysis: Intensive SBP Control in Prediabetes vs Normal Fasting Blood Glucose

By

Researchers conducted a subgroup analysis of the SPRINT clinical trial to determine whether intensive blood pressure treatment outcomes were similar in patients with prediabetes vs normal fasting blood glucose levels.

Glucose Tolerance, Triglyceride Levels in Prediabetes Improve With Sitagliptin

Glucose Tolerance, Triglyceride Levels in Prediabetes Improve With Sitagliptin

By

Sitagliptin improved glucose excursion and lowered triglyceride levels in men with prediabetes who were also overweight.

Utility of Oral Glucose Testing to Identify High Risk Patients With Prediabetes

Utility of Oral Glucose Testing to Identify High Risk Patients With Prediabetes

By

Glucose levels were measured at 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after study participants consumed sugary drinks.

Should Dentists Screen Periodontitis Patients for Diabetes?

Should Dentists Screen Periodontitis Patients for Diabetes?

Among patients with varying levels of periodontitis, prediabetes or type 2 diabetes diagnoses were common.

Prediabetes Screening Tests Have Low Accuracy

Prediabetes Screening Tests Have Low Accuracy

By

Fasting glucose is specific but not sensitive, and HbA1c is neither sensitive nor specific.

Many Physicians Not Following Prediabetes Screening Guidelines

Many Physicians Not Following Prediabetes Screening Guidelines

Only about half of US family doctors follow guidelines on screening patients for prediabetes, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine.

Polyneuropathy Risk May Be Increased With Prediabetes, Obesity

Polyneuropathy Risk May Be Increased With Prediabetes, Obesity

By

Diabetes, waist circumference, and prediabetes were the main metabolic factors associated with neuropathy.

Value of Risk Assessment Tool for Prediabetes Questioned

Value of Risk Assessment Tool for Prediabetes Questioned

By

A majority of adults aged older than 40 would be considered at risk for prediabetes, which could have unintended negative consequences.

Standardized Tests May Measure Beta-Cell Function

Standardized Tests May Measure Beta-Cell Function

Standardized mixed-meal tolerance tests (MMTT) and arginine stimulation tests (AST) provide reproducible measures of beta-cell function across glucose tolerance states.

Prevalence of Diabetes, Prediabetes Increased Among US Adolescents

Prevalence of Diabetes, Prediabetes Increased Among US Adolescents

By

Data from the 2004 to 2014 National Health Examination Survey suggest that prevalence of diabetes has increased among US adolescents.

Brisk Walking May Be More Effective Than Jogging in Prediabetes

Brisk Walking May Be More Effective Than Jogging in Prediabetes

Brisk walking may be more effective than jogging in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with prediabetes.

Prediabetes Increases Among Healthy-Weight Adults in the United States

Prediabetes Increases Among Healthy-Weight Adults in the United States

The rate of healthy-weight prediabetes increased from 10.2% to 18.5% from 1988 to 2012.

Preventing Diabetes and Complications: What Are the Challenges?

Preventing Diabetes and Complications: What Are the Challenges?

By

A change in how patients and physicians view diabetes may is necessary for preventing the disease and its complications.

Long-Term Pioglitazone Effective for Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis in Type 2 Diabetes

Long-Term Pioglitazone Effective for Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis in Type 2 Diabetes

The treatment was safe and effective for patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Risk for Prediabetes, Diabetes Decreased With Higher Levels of Fitness

Risk for Prediabetes, Diabetes Decreased With Higher Levels of Fitness

By

A 20-year study shows that maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness through adulthood decreases the risk for diabetes and prediabetes.

Prediabetes Goes Untreated in Many Patients

Prediabetes Goes Untreated in Many Patients

Study found many patients with higher-than-normal HbA1c levels were not being treated for it.

Text Message Support May Lead to Weight Loss in Prediabetes

Text Message Support May Lead to Weight Loss in Prediabetes

For patients with prediabetes offered Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) classes, text message support can enhance weight loss.

High-Dose Vitamin D Treatment Has No Effect on Prediabetes Patients

High-Dose Vitamin D Treatment Has No Effect on Prediabetes Patients

Vitamin D did not affect glucose homeostasis in patients with abnormal glucose tolerance.

Prediabetes Ups Risk for Kidney Damage

Prediabetes Ups Risk for Kidney Damage

By

In a prospective study, prediabetes was an independent risk factor for hyperfiltration and increased albuminuria.

PDE-5 Inhibitors May Improve Insulin Sensitivity in Patients at High Risk for Diabetes

PDE-5 Inhibitors May Improve Insulin Sensitivity in Patients at High Risk for Diabetes

By

A phosphodiesterone 5 inhibitor may improve metabolic parameters that predispose people to developing diabetes.

Insulin Sensitivity Improved with Sildenafil in Prediabetes

Insulin Sensitivity Improved with Sildenafil in Prediabetes

Researchers noted a decrease in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 without affecting tissue-plasminogen activator.

Prediabetes Associated With Incident Cardiovascular Disease

Prediabetes Associated With Incident Cardiovascular Disease

In a U.K. cohort, association varied with ethnicity and with prediabetes definition criterion.

Can Marijuana Use Increase Prediabetes Risk?

Can Marijuana Use Increase Prediabetes Risk?

By

Current, former marijuana users more likely to develop prediabetes but not type 2 diabetes.

More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Diabetes, Prediabetes

More Than Half of U.S. Adults Have Diabetes, Prediabetes

Many also don't know they are at risk, according to researchers.

Task Force: Diet and Exercise Programs Work for Prediabetes

Task Force: Diet and Exercise Programs Work for Prediabetes

By

Recommendations made based on 53 studies on 66 diet and exercise programs.

Undertreating Prediabetes Comes at a Cost

Undertreating Prediabetes Comes at a Cost

By

Problems include excessive costs, increased risk for complications later and more.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters

CME Focus