Pediatric Endocrinology

Safety of Cross-Sex Hormones for Transgender Teens

Safety of Cross-Sex Hormones for Transgender Teens

Although increases in hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were recorded, findings support the safety of cross-sex hormones for transgender teens.

Early Puberty, Endocrine Disruptions Noted With Certain Chemical Exposures

Early Puberty, Endocrine Disruptions Noted With Certain Chemical Exposures

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Multiple studies at ENDO 2017 highlighted the dangers linked to both environmental toxin and common household chemical exposure.

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Researchers have identified the barriers to school nurse-led implementation of pediatric obesity management guidelines.

How Does Antenatal Betamethasone Exposure Affect Pediatric Bone Mass?

How Does Antenatal Betamethasone Exposure Affect Pediatric Bone Mass?

The effects of repeat doses of antenatal betamethasone were assessed in 185 eligible pediatric patients.

Insulin Pump Therapy Improves QoL for Adolescents With T2DM

Insulin Pump Therapy Improves QoL for Adolescents With T2DM

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At the end of a 3-month period, adolescents with type 2 diabetes experienced decreased HbA1c levels after using insulin pump therapy.

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Lacking Among Pediatric Patients

Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Lacking Among Pediatric Patients

Black and Latino youth were less likely to undergo an eye examination for diabetic retinopathy within 6 years of their diagnosis.

Obesity In Girls Linked to Higher Prevalence of Allergies, Atopic Disease

Obesity In Girls Linked to Higher Prevalence of Allergies, Atopic Disease

Girls with obesity were more likely to have a higher allergy score than both normal-weight girls and both obese and normal-weight boys, according

Complication Rates In Adolescents With Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Complication Rates In Adolescents With Type 1 vs Type 2 Diabetes

Investigators found early signs of kidney disease, retinopathy, arterial stiffness, and hypertension in adolescents with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Researchers identified a 15-fold increase in diagnoses of vitamin D deficiency in children between 2008 and 2014.

How Does Antipsychotic Treatment Affect Cardiometabolic Factors in Young Patients?

How Does Antipsychotic Treatment Affect Cardiometabolic Factors in Young Patients?

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Early psychotic symptoms in child or adolescent patients were predictive of elevated BMI and waist circumference scores.

Tight Glycemic Control Not Beneficial in Critically Ill Children

Tight Glycemic Control Not Beneficial in Critically Ill Children

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Keeping blood sugar at lower levels does not confer extra benefit in critically ill infants and children.

Endocrine Society Releases New Pediatric Obesity Guidelines

Endocrine Society Releases New Pediatric Obesity Guidelines

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The evidence-based clinical practice guideline focuses on the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.

Pediatric Endocrine Society Provides Guidance for Growth Hormone Use in Pediatric Patients

Pediatric Endocrine Society Provides Guidance for Growth Hormone Use in Pediatric Patients

The guidelines focused on idiopathic short stature, growth hormone deficiency, and primary IGF-I deficiency.

Growth Hormone Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Growth Hormone Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

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A case report suggested that combination therapy with growth hormone and anastrozole may improve final height in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

Islet Autoimmunity Risk Not Affected by Infant Formula Type

Islet Autoimmunity Risk Not Affected by Infant Formula Type

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The use of hydrolyzed vs nonhydrolyzed cow's milk-based infant formula does not appear to reduce risk for islet autoimmunity.

Overweight, Obese Children at Higher Risk for Post-Op Infections

Overweight, Obese Children at Higher Risk for Post-Op Infections

Overweight and obese children seem to be more likely than others to develop postoperative surgical site infections.

Infection in Infancy Tied to Childhood Obesity

Infection in Infancy Tied to Childhood Obesity

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Infection, rather than antibiotic use, is associated with increased risk of childhood obesity.

Artificial Sweetener Use Skyrocketed Among US Children

Artificial Sweetener Use Skyrocketed Among US Children

Consumption of foods and beverages with low-calorie sweeteners such as aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin rose 200% among children between 1999 and 2012.

Gastric Bypass Outcomes in Severely Obese Teens

Gastric Bypass Outcomes in Severely Obese Teens

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Severely obese adolescents who underwent gastric bypass surgery experienced significant weight loss that was maintained over long-term follow-up.

Study Assesses Treatment Dose, Timing of Levothyroxine in Congenital Hypothyroidism

Study Assesses Treatment Dose, Timing of Levothyroxine in Congenital Hypothyroidism

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Early detection and quick treatment with levothyroxine are essential in treating children with congenital hypothyroidism.

Does Parental Obesity Affect Child Development?

Does Parental Obesity Affect Child Development?

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Children born to obese parents may be more likely to experience developmental delays.

FDA: Continuous Glucose Monitoring Insulin Pump Approved for Pediatric Patients with Diabetes

FDA: Continuous Glucose Monitoring Insulin Pump Approved for Pediatric Patients with Diabetes

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The system allows patients and their caregivers to access glucose measurements through their pump or through a mobile app.

Growth Hormone Does Not Impact Glucose Homeostasis in Turner Syndrome

Growth Hormone Does Not Impact Glucose Homeostasis in Turner Syndrome

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Treatment with growth hormone did not affect insulin sensitivity or insulin secretion in girls with Turner syndrome.

USPSTF Recommends Obesity Screening in Children, Teens

USPSTF Recommends Obesity Screening in Children, Teens

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The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

Depression, Antidepressant Use Associated With BMI in Youths

Depression, Antidepressant Use Associated With BMI in Youths

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Children and adolescents with a diagnosis of depression or who have used antidepressants were more likely to have a higher BMI.

Does Meal Replacement and Topiramate Reduce Adolescent BMI?

Does Meal Replacement and Topiramate Reduce Adolescent BMI?

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Researchers assessed the safety and efficacy of meal replacement plus topiramate vs placebo for BMI reduction in adolescents with severe obesity.

Biomarker May Predict Treatment Response in Type 2 Diabetes

Biomarker May Predict Treatment Response in Type 2 Diabetes

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High-molecular-weight adiponectin appears to be a reliable predictor of treatment response in children and teens with type 2 diabetes.

Impact of Changes in HbA1c, BMI Changes on Lipids Increases as Children Age

Impact of Changes in HbA1c, BMI Changes on Lipids Increases as Children Age

As children age, the impact of changes in HbA1c and BMI on LDL cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol levels increases.

Type 1 Diabetes Risk in Children Not Increased With Phototherapy

Type 1 Diabetes Risk in Children Not Increased With Phototherapy

Neonatal phototherapy is not associated with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published in Pediatrics.

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