Pediatric Endocrinology

Predicting Adult MetS, T2D, CV Risks in Childhood

Predicting Adult MetS, T2D, CV Risks in Childhood

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BMI measurement alone can also be used to determine associations between childhood and adulthood conditions.

High Risk of Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Diabetes Presentation in Infancy

High Risk of Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Diabetes Presentation in Infancy

Diabetes in infancy has different characteristics depending on mutation subtype, and is associated with high frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis.

Examining the Relationship Between Linear Growth and Bone Accrual in Children and Adolescents

Examining the Relationship Between Linear Growth and Bone Accrual in Children and Adolescents

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Height gains "substantially outpaced" bone mineral content gains during childhood, potentially leading to increased fracture risk.

Changes in Metabolic Biomarkers in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Changes in Metabolic Biomarkers in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

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Obstructive sleep apnea treatment can impact metabolic alterations in children with obesity and OSA.

AAP: Updated Guidelines for Managing High Blood Pressure in Children

AAP: Updated Guidelines for Managing High Blood Pressure in Children

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The American Academy of Pediatrics released an update to previous hypertension management updates published in 2004.

Structural Disease Risk Stratification in Pediatric Patients With Thyroid Cancer

Structural Disease Risk Stratification in Pediatric Patients With Thyroid Cancer

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Revised ATA guidelines have led to an increased interest in risk-adopted management strategies for differentiated thyroid cancer.

Inverse Relationship Between Sleep Duration and Risk of T2D in Children

Inverse Relationship Between Sleep Duration and Risk of T2D in Children

Researchers identified strong inverse graded relationships between children's sleep duration, adiposity, and the presence of diabetes risk markers.

Metabolic Impact of High Fructose Corn Syrup Restriction in Obese Children

Metabolic Impact of High Fructose Corn Syrup Restriction in Obese Children

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Restricting consumption of high fructose corn syrup did not appear to improve insulin resistance in obese children.

ACOG: Guidelines for Teen Contraception Counseling

ACOG: Guidelines for Teen Contraception Counseling

Contraception conversations should take place as early as is appropriate.

Causes of Abnormal Menstruation: Sports-Related Concussion and Non-Head Injuries

Causes of Abnormal Menstruation: Sports-Related Concussion and Non-Head Injuries

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Researchers examined menstrual patterns in 128 patients with either a sports-associated concussion or non-head injury.

Pediatric Alopecia Areata Severity Linked to Serum Vitamin D

Pediatric Alopecia Areata Severity Linked to Serum Vitamin D

Researchers assessed the relationship between serum vitamin D levels, number of patches, and disease severity and duration.

Celiac Disease in T1D: International Analysis of Disease Prevalence

Celiac Disease in T1D: International Analysis of Disease Prevalence

Prevalence of celiac disease in type 1 diabetes was higher in girls than in boys.

Positive Islet Autoantibody Tests Up Parental Anxiety in T1D

Positive Islet Autoantibody Tests Up Parental Anxiety in T1D

Parents of children with an increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes had higher level of anxiety.

Efficacy of Biomarker Screening Pathway in Monogenic Diabetes Diagnosis

Efficacy of Biomarker Screening Pathway in Monogenic Diabetes Diagnosis

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Patients with assumed monogenic diabetes were examined using a novel 3-part biomarker screening pathway to detect incorrectly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes.

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Over 37,000 men were tracked from ages 8 to 20 to examine the link between adolescent BMI and stroke risk.

Exercise Training Intervention Improves Ventricular Function in Adolescent T1D

Exercise Training Intervention Improves Ventricular Function in Adolescent T1D

Left ventricular function can be improved, but not normalized, in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Pediatric Respiratory and Atopic Outcomes With Free Sugar Consumption In Pregnancy

Pediatric Respiratory and Atopic Outcomes With Free Sugar Consumption In Pregnancy

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Data from a UK cohort were used to examine the relationship between maternal sugar intake levels and pediatric respiratory and atopic outcomes.

FDA: Triptorelin Slows Central Precocious Puberty

FDA: Triptorelin Slows Central Precocious Puberty

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Data from a phase 3 clinical trial found that triptorelin achieved positive results in patients age 2 and older with central precocious puberty.

Prevalence of Celiac Disease Varies in Type 1 Diabetes

Prevalence of Celiac Disease Varies in Type 1 Diabetes

Over 3% of study participants with type 1 diabetes also had biopsy-confirmed celiac disease.

Managing Gynecologic Effects of Mental Health Disorders in Adolescents

Managing Gynecologic Effects of Mental Health Disorders in Adolescents

A Committee Opinion noted that mental health disorders may "interfere with adolescents' ability to understand or articulate" health concerns, including menstrual dysfunction and safe sexual behavior.

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Metformin decreases BMI z score and improves inflammatory parameters in prepubertal children with obesity.

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

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Updates to the US Preventive Services Task Force's recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Mental Health Screenings in Pediatric Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

Mental Health Screenings in Pediatric Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

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Mental health and behavioral screenings should be routine part of care for pediatric patients with diabetes

Obesity Severity Linked to Increased Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Children

Obesity Severity Linked to Increased Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in Children

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American Indian youth with increasingly severe obesity had a significantly higher risk of type 2 diabetes incidence.

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Childhood obesity is linked to long-lasting mental health repercussions, including depression in adulthood.

Delivering Preoperative Information: Web-Based vs Conventional Methods

Delivering Preoperative Information: Web-Based vs Conventional Methods

A questionnaire was administered to participants who received preoperative information via either a web-based platform or conventional brochure.

Physical Activity, Sedentary Time and Bone Strength Association in Teens

Physical Activity, Sedentary Time and Bone Strength Association in Teens

Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was found to be an independent predictor of bone strength in adolescents.

Safety of Cross-Sex Hormones for Transgender Teens

Safety of Cross-Sex Hormones for Transgender Teens

Although increases in hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were recorded, findings support the safety of cross-sex hormones for transgender teens.

Early Puberty, Endocrine Disruptions Noted With Certain Chemical Exposures

Early Puberty, Endocrine Disruptions Noted With Certain Chemical Exposures

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Multiple studies at ENDO 2017 highlighted the dangers linked to both environmental toxin and common household chemical exposure.

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Researchers have identified the barriers to school nurse-led implementation of pediatric obesity management guidelines.

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