Pediatric Endocrinology

Effects of Peer Influence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes

Effects of Peer Influence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes

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Study underscores the need to focus on the peer context to understand the functioning of youths with type 1 diabetes.

Thyroid Cancer Less Likely to Progress in Pediatrics, Young Adults

Thyroid Cancer Less Likely to Progress in Pediatrics, Young Adults

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An observational study was conducted by investigators to evaluate the progression of thyroid cancer in young individuals by ultrasonography.

Improving Daily Glucose Monitoring in Adolescents With Incentive-Based Approach

Improving Daily Glucose Monitoring in Adolescents With Incentive-Based Approach

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Incentive-based approaches developed to improve daily adherence to a single behavioral process, such as blood glucose monitoring in adolescents, may not be as effective as multicomponent interventions that address emotional, social, and family processes of diabetes self-management.

Long-Term Risks of Adulthood Obesity Based on Childhood Diagnosis

Long-Term Risks of Adulthood Obesity Based on Childhood Diagnosis

More than half of today's children are expected to be obese at the age of 35 years, with about half of the prevalence occurring during childhood.

Utilizing Trend Arrow Data in CGM Systems to Manage Diabetes in Children

Utilizing Trend Arrow Data in CGM Systems to Manage Diabetes in Children

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Recommendations for utilizing trend arrow data in a mobile continuous glucose monitoring system were recently issued for pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes.

Improved Neonatal Outcomes With Continuous Glucose Monitoring in T1D

Improved Neonatal Outcomes With Continuous Glucose Monitoring in T1D

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Investigators assess maternal hyperglycemia exposure to fetus with neonatal health outcomes.

Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Linked to Islet or Celiac Disease Autoimmunity

Childhood Antibiotic Use Not Linked to Islet or Celiac Disease Autoimmunity

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Islet and celiac disease autoimmunity were defined as a positive test result for islet or tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies at 2 clinic visits at least 3 months apart.

Validation of Ultrasound Risk Stratification Systems for Pediatric Thyroid Nodules

Validation of Ultrasound Risk Stratification Systems for Pediatric Thyroid Nodules

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Investigators assessed the utilization of ATA risk stratification and TI-RADS ultrasound based systems for the assessment of pediatric thyroid nodules.

Low Incidence of ESRD Reported in Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes

Low Incidence of ESRD Reported in Childhood-Onset Type 1 Diabetes

Among patients with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes, there is a very low incidence of end-stage renal disease.

Pancreatic Exocrine Dysfunction Occurs After Islet Autoimmunity in T1D

Pancreatic Exocrine Dysfunction Occurs After Islet Autoimmunity in T1D

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A new study suggests that pancreatic exocrine dysfunction develops after initiation of islet cell autoimmunity, suggesting that exocrine dysfunction is related to diabetes disease pathogenesis itself.

Childhood Obesity Rates Have Flattened in High-Income Countries

Childhood Obesity Rates Have Flattened in High-Income Countries

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There is a need for bridging the disconnect between policies that address underweight and overweight children and adolescents.

Family-Based Therapy Feasible for Overweight, Obese Children and Their Parents

Family-Based Therapy Feasible for Overweight, Obese Children and Their Parents

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Higher-dose and specialized treatment content designed to help families maintain weight-control behaviors following family-based behavioral weight loss treatment enhances weight outcomes.

Improving Vascular Function in Pediatric T1D With Metformin

Improving Vascular Function in Pediatric T1D With Metformin

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Study aimed to determine the effect of metformin on vascular health in children with T1D and above average weight.

Examining the Benefits of Statins, ACE Inhibitors in T1D With Albumin Excretion

Examining the Benefits of Statins, ACE Inhibitors in T1D With Albumin Excretion

Lower incidence of microalbuminuria was noted with the use of ACE inhibitors vs placebo.

Gestational Diabetes Associated With Adiposity, Puberty Onset in Offspring

Gestational Diabetes Associated With Adiposity, Puberty Onset in Offspring

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Researchers assessed the impact of maternal gestational diabetes on insulin resistance and adiposity in adolescent offspring.

Does Serum Vitamin D in Pregnancy Alter T1D Development Risk in Children?

Does Serum Vitamin D in Pregnancy Alter T1D Development Risk in Children?

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Study finds for the first time that during pregnancy the associations between serum 25OHD concentration and 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms are stronger in mothers of children with T1D.

Efficacy of CGM in Preterm Infants of Mothers With Diabetes

Efficacy of CGM in Preterm Infants of Mothers With Diabetes

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Real-time continuous glucose monitoring systems are comparable to traditional blood glucose monitoring methods in preterm infants.

EASD, ADA Recommendations Aimed at Improving Safety, Efficacy of CGM

EASD, ADA Recommendations Aimed at Improving Safety, Efficacy of CGM

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With this statement, researchers hope to improve safety and efficacy outcomes, advance technology, and improve patient quality of life and health outcomes.

Do Financial Incentives Increase Glucose Monitoring in Teens With T1D?

Do Financial Incentives Increase Glucose Monitoring in Teens With T1D?

Daily financial incentives improved glucose monitoring, but not glycemic control.

Predicting Hypocalcemia in Children Following Thyroidectomy: Is PTH Level Useful?

Predicting Hypocalcemia in Children Following Thyroidectomy: Is PTH Level Useful?

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While parathyroid hormone levels may be used to anticipate calcium decline, a "normal" PTH level does not always correctly predict postoperative calcium level.

Trick or Treat: Tips for Diabetes Management on Halloween

Trick or Treat: Tips for Diabetes Management on Halloween

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With a little communication, children with diabetes can still enjoy Halloween festivities.

Safety, Efficacy of Early Thyroidectomy in Pediatric MEN2

Safety, Efficacy of Early Thyroidectomy in Pediatric MEN2

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Early thyroidectomy was preventative in a majority of pediatric patients with MEN2.

Proper Treatment in Children With Congenital Hypothyroidism Can Aid Behavior

Proper Treatment in Children With Congenital Hypothyroidism Can Aid Behavior

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Both over- and undertreatment of congenital hypothyroidism can result in negative behavioral outcomes.

Preventing URTI in Children: Does High-Dose Vitamin D Help or Harm?

Preventing URTI in Children: Does High-Dose Vitamin D Help or Harm?

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Previous trials suggested that vitamin D supplementation reduces rates of both influenza and other respiratory infections.

Insulin Pump Associated With Fewer Complications Than Injections in Children, Adolescents

Insulin Pump Associated With Fewer Complications Than Injections in Children, Adolescents

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Although the incidence of severe hypoglycemia has decreased while insulin pump use has increased, a causal relationship has not been established between insulin administration methods and risk of complications from diabetes.

Efficacy of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Preterm Infants

Efficacy of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Preterm Infants

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Although continuous glucose monitoring accuracy and safety in preterm infants has been validated in several studies, this approach has never been studied in neonates.

Infants Hospitalized Most Often for Adrenal Insufficiency, Hypopituitarism

Infants Hospitalized Most Often for Adrenal Insufficiency, Hypopituitarism

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Rates of adrenal insufficiency and hypopituitarism were highest during infancy, particularly among females.

Following Approval, Triptorelin 6-Month Injection Now Available to Treat Central Precocious Puberty

Following Approval, Triptorelin 6-Month Injection Now Available to Treat Central Precocious Puberty

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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist Triptodur treats central precocious puberty via intramuscular injection.

Central Congenital Hypothyroidism Detection in Neonates

Central Congenital Hypothyroidism Detection in Neonates

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Screening programs that measure T4 with reflex TSH in newborns with T4 below a specified cutoff have the potential to detect central congenital hypothyroidism (CCH) and have shown a higher prevalence of CCH than previously thought.

AAP Shares List of 5 Unnecessary Pediatric Tests and Procedures

AAP Shares List of 5 Unnecessary Pediatric Tests and Procedures

The American Academy of Pediatrics urges careful consideration between parents and clinicians prior to ordering these tests.

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