Children with asthma had a 66% higher risk for incident obesity compared with children without asthma.
For patients with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery is associated with a lower risk for macrovascular outcomes compared with not undergoing surgery.
Dietary supplements often include active pharmaceuticals, even after warnings from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Heritability of BMI was significantly higher in children living in high-risk obesogenic environments compared with those living in low-risk environments.
Greater weight gain in early childhood often carries over to overweight and obesity in adolescence.
Girls with obesity in adolescence are associated with lower educational attainment and income-related outcomes compared with girls without adolescent obesity.
Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.
Breastfeeding is inversely associated with body mass index z scores measured at 12 months, and the association is attenuated with formula supplementation by six months.
In this new analysis, researchers looked at the long-term effects of the drug on diabetes prevention and remission in these patients.
Obesity is associated with loss of disease-free years irrespective of position in the social hierarchy and lifestyle.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with bone density and skeletal microarchitecture deterioration, leading to substantial cumulative bone loss.
Lorcaserin facilitates sustained weight loss without increasing the rate of major cardiovascular events among overweight or obese patients.
For overweight/obese veterans with prediabetes, participation is higher for online Diabetes Prevention Programs, but weight loss is similar for online and in-person DPPs.
To understand the associations between exposure to gestational diabetes and the risk for maternal glucose metabolism and childhood adiposity, researchers followed a cohort of mothers and children for a median of 11.4 years.
Lifestyle interventions focusing on diet and physical activity result in less excess gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity.
Untreated gestational diabetes is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in long-term follow-up of offspring.
Altered serum levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, omentin-1, and caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 fragment M30 in children with type 1 diabetes may signify metabolic differences that do not stabilize with insulin treatment.
The USPSTF recommends that clinicians refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicompetent behavioral interventions.
Supplementation with n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy leads to higher body mass index (BMI) in offspring at age 6 years.
Significant negative correlations were seen between visceral fat area and bronchial lumen diameter and lumen area, and significant positive correlations were seen between subcutaneous fat area and bronchial wall area and total area.
The prevalence of obesity may be lower among drug-dependent individuals, particularly in those dependent on opioids, compared with the general population.
Investigators examined the weight loss effects of semaglutide compared with liraglutide in patients with obesity who do not have diabetes.
Investigators sought to determine whether geographic distribution of childhood obesity can inform and design the delivery of interventions.
Investigators examined the long-term associated between mortality risk and carbohydrate intake.
A low-energy diet for weight loss had different effects between men and women after weight reduction.
Investigators assessed the effect of exercise modality during dietary-induced on bone health.
While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.
In the absence of obesity, patients with PTSD are not at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.
Higher body mass index is likely to cause worse cardiovascular health in youth.
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.
Endocrinology Advisor Articles
- Heritability of BMI Stronger in Obesogenic Environments
- Adverse Events Associated With Diazoxide Treatment for Congenital Hyperinsulinism
- Maternal Gluten Intake Associated With Risk for Type 1 Diabetes in Offspring
- Patterns of Evidence-Based Diabetes Interventions at Local Health Departments
- Bone-Derived Factors in the Treatment of Diabetes
- Vitamin D Supplementation Has No Effect on Musculoskeletal Health
- Deep Learning Algorithm Efficiently Detects Vision-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy
- Industry-Funded Trials Often Involve Employees in Studies
- Nutrition Tips for Physicians: Staying Healthy During Busy Days
- Early-Onset Asthma/Wheezing Associated With Later Childhood Obesity