Obesity

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

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Baseline obesity is associated with an increased risk for late-life mobility limitations in women undergoing joint replacement for OA.

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

In 2014, health care provider counseling for weight loss for adults with arthritis and overweight or obesity was 45.5 percent, up 10.4 percent from 2002.

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Eesearchers found that baseline metabolically healthy obesity was not significantly associated with incident cardiovascular disease, compared with metabolically healthy normal weight.

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

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Maternal caffeine intake >200 mg/day during pregnancy was associated with high weight gain velocity beginning from the first months of life and higher BMI throughout childhood.

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severely obese rheumatoid arthritis patients also had worse disability at baseline than overweight patients.

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

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Researchers sought to determine the predictive value of tibiofemoral MRI, patellofemoral MRI, and KLG1 for the incidence of clinical or radiographic knee OA.

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Based on findings from a systematic review of the literature, recommendations have been developed for improving the evidence for natural experiments in obesity.

Improved research methods needed to determine effectiveness of anti-obesity public health initiatives

Researchers found that amongst nearly 300 studies reporting the impact of policies, programs, or changes in built environment on controlling and preventing obesity, most natural experiments had high risk of bias and poor handling of dropouts and withdrawals.

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

Researchers assessed the weight stigma experiences of 1,513 men, examining the characteristics of men who experienced weight stigma versus men who did not.

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Targeted diabetes screening based only on age and weight criteria will identify approximately half of US adults with dysglycemia.

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Results suggest that circadian preference and meal timing are novel and possibly modifiable risk factors for obesity in type 2 diabetes.

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

A soda tax does influence daily consumption of regular soda, energy drinks, and bottled water.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

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Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Ethnicity,race, markers of insulin resistance, and genetic factors might help identify obese youth at risk for developing fatty liver.

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Researchers examined the relationship between early to mid-childhood adiposity measures and mid-childhood alanine aminotransferase levels.

Intensive Lifestyle Interventions Cut Long-Term Disability in Type 2 Diabetes

Intensive Lifestyle Interventions Cut Long-Term Disability in Type 2 Diabetes

For overweight or obese adults with T2D, a long-term weight loss intervention is associated with a reduction in long-term disability.

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

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Parents and healthcare workers should carefully consider the risk for obesity in infants born to women with diabetes, especially infants born large for gestational age, and should initiate preventive measures where possible.

Waist-to-Height Ratio Tied to Anxiety in Middle-Aged Women

Waist-to-Height Ratio Tied to Anxiety in Middle-Aged Women

Researchers conducted secondary analysis of data from a multicenter study of 5580 women from 11 Latin America countries in order to assess the association between waist-to-height ratio and anxiety.

Oxyntomodulin Augments Glucose Homeostasis

Oxyntomodulin Augments Glucose Homeostasis

In obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes, oxyntomodulin significantly augments glucose-dependent insulin secretion.

No association of overweight childhood and adult type 2 diabetes risk after weight loss

Compared to men who were never overweight, those overweight at age 7 who returned to a normal body mass index by age 13 had no increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

The Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) study assessed the association between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and HIV infection.

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Current care should encourage women to plan to breastfeed, provide corrective information for specific beliefs, and address issues relating to body image and social knowledge.

Weight Loss Over Time May Reduce Risk for Diabetes Onset

Weight Loss Over Time May Reduce Risk for Diabetes Onset

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The findings from a national sample underscore the importance of developing policies and programs that reduce the prevalence of obesity.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Changes in serum insulin and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance and beta cell function were significantly greater compared to the control diet

BMI As Predictor of CVD Risk May Be More Susceptible to Bias

BMI As Predictor of CVD Risk May Be More Susceptible to Bias

The J-shaped correlation seen for body mass index with cardiovascular disease risk is susceptible to confounding due to pre-existing comorbidities.

Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

Researchers conducted a comprehensive narrative review to examine the correlation of the obesity pandemic with appearance of cancers in young adults under age 50.

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

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Metabolites could be mediators in the connection between gut microbiota and obesity and points to potential future opportunities for targeting the gut microbiota in the prevention of obesity.

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk in Men

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk in Men

Change in body mass index to overweight during puberty significantly increases men's risk of heart failure later in life.

Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

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Of various interventions used in nonclinical settings for the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, school-based programs that combine nutrition and exercise and include a home-based component appear to be the most effective approaches.

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

For men with metastatic melanoma treated with targeted or immune therapy, obesity is associated with improved survival.

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