Obesity

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Examining the Obesity Paradox in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Examining the Obesity Paradox in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Obesity has a substantial effect on general health parameters, but its role in rheumatoid arthritis is much more complex.

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Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders

Gestational Diabetes Tied to Subsequent Glucose Disorders

Untreated gestational diabetes is associated with development of subsequent glucose metabolism disorders in mothers, but is not significantly associated with the composite outcome of childhood overweight/obesity in long-term follow-up of offspring.

Adipokines Associated With Clinical Course Alteration in Pediatric Patients With T1D

Adipokines Associated With Clinical Course Alteration in Pediatric Patients With T1D

Altered serum levels of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase, omentin-1, and caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18 fragment M30 in children with type 1 diabetes may signify metabolic differences that do not stabilize with insulin treatment.

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions May Prevent Obesity

Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions May Prevent Obesity

The USPSTF recommends that clinicians refer adults with a body mass index of 30 or higher to intensive, multicompetent behavioral interventions.

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Adding Fish Oil in Pregnancy May Lead to Higher Child BMI

Supplementation with n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in pregnancy leads to higher body mass index (BMI) in offspring at age 6 years.

Asthma Affected Differently by Subcutaneous and Visceral Abdominal Fat

Asthma Affected Differently by Subcutaneous and Visceral Abdominal Fat

Significant negative correlations were seen between visceral fat area and bronchial lumen diameter and lumen area, and significant positive correlations were seen between subcutaneous fat area and bronchial wall area and total area.

Drug Dependence, Obesity Prevalence Inversely Related

Drug Dependence, Obesity Prevalence Inversely Related

The prevalence of obesity may be lower among drug-dependent individuals, particularly in those dependent on opioids, compared with the general population.

Semaglutide vs Liraglutide for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity

Semaglutide vs Liraglutide for Weight Loss in Patients With Obesity

Investigators examined the weight loss effects of semaglutide compared with liraglutide in patients with obesity who do not have diabetes.

Characteristics of Neighborhoods May Be Correlated With Childhood Obesity

Characteristics of Neighborhoods May Be Correlated With Childhood Obesity

Investigators sought to determine whether geographic distribution of childhood obesity can inform and design the delivery of interventions.

Low and High Carbohydrate Diets Associated With Increased Mortality

Low and High Carbohydrate Diets Associated With Increased Mortality

Investigators examined the long-term associated between mortality risk and carbohydrate intake.

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

Antipsychotics Adversely Affect Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity in Youths

While antipsychotic treatments can improve behavioral symptoms, risk of hyperglycemia and weight gain should inform careful consideration of antipsychotic use in young patients.

Influence of Weight Loss, Resistance Training, and Aerobic Training on Bone Health

Influence of Weight Loss, Resistance Training, and Aerobic Training on Bone Health

Investigators assessed the effect of exercise modality during dietary-induced on bone health.

Gender Differences Found When Rapid Weight Loss Occurs on Low-Energy Diet

Gender Differences Found When Rapid Weight Loss Occurs on Low-Energy Diet

A low-energy diet for weight loss had different effects between men and women after weight reduction.

Effect of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Obesity on Type 2 Diabetes

Effect of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Obesity on Type 2 Diabetes

In the absence of obesity, patients with PTSD are not at an increased risk for type 2 diabetes.

In Teens, Young Adults, High BMI May Hurt Cardiovascular Health

In Teens, Young Adults, High BMI May Hurt Cardiovascular Health

Higher body mass index is likely to cause worse cardiovascular health in youth.

Bariatric Surgery Reduces Incidence of Microvascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

Bariatric Surgery Reduces Incidence of Microvascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetes

Investigators examined the effect of bariatric surgery and the incidence of microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes.

ASMBS Pediatric Committee Updates Guidelines on Bariatric Surgery in Teens

ASMBS Pediatric Committee Updates Guidelines on Bariatric Surgery in Teens

The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Pediatric Committee has updated their 2012 evidence-based guidelines.

Risk of autism in offspring linked to maternal pregestational diabetes and severe obesity

Maternal prepregnancy obesity without pregestational diabetes mellitus (PGDM) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was associated with a slightly increased risk of having a child with a neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorder.

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

AHA: A Diverse Diet May Not Promote a Healthy Weight

American Heart Association science advisory recommends healthy eating patterns instead.

Appetite Awareness Training May Enhance Behavioral Strategies in Childhood Obesity

Appetite Awareness Training May Enhance Behavioral Strategies in Childhood Obesity

The lifestyle physical activity program included weight education, control, self-monitoring, behavioral change techniques, and maintenance of behavior change.

Responsive Parent Intervention in Infancy Can Reduce BMI z Score

Responsive Parent Intervention in Infancy Can Reduce BMI z Score

A 36-month multicomponent behavioral intervention does not change BMI trajectory.

Food Addiction Phenotype in Obesity Associated With Higher Risk for Mood, Anxiety Disorders

Food Addiction Phenotype in Obesity Associated With Higher Risk for Mood, Anxiety Disorders

The researchers noted that these findings highlight the complexity of obesity as a disease that shares a common etiology with some psychiatric and addictive disorders.

CDC: Half of US Adults Tried to Lose Weight From 2013 to 2016

CDC: Half of US Adults Tried to Lose Weight From 2013 to 2016

Exercising, eating less were top weight loss methods; more women than men attempted weight loss.

Higher Body Fat, Waist Circumference Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis in Women

Higher Body Fat, Waist Circumference Linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis in Women

Higher body fat percentage, higher waist circumference, and obesity were associated with a greater risk for RA in women.

Influence of Obesity, Gender, and Sex Hormones on PCOS and Gut Microbiota

Influence of Obesity, Gender, and Sex Hormones on PCOS and Gut Microbiota

Investigators examine the influence of gender, sex hormones, and obesity on the composition of gut microbiota in women with PCOS.

WIC Program Enrollment Linked to Declining Pediatric Obesity

WIC Program Enrollment Linked to Declining Pediatric Obesity

Childhood obesity continues to be a public health issue that requires improved policies and interventions at both the individual and population level.

Toddler Self-Regulation and Subsequent Obesity Differs Between Boys and Girls

Toddler Self-Regulation and Subsequent Obesity Differs Between Boys and Girls

Patterns of self-regulation of toddlers and risk for obesity and whether they differ between boys and girls were examined.

Healthy Maternal Habits May Reduce Risk for Obesity in Children

Healthy Maternal Habits May Reduce Risk for Obesity in Children

Maternal adherence to a healthy lifestyle throughout children's childhood and adolescent years may result in a reduced risk for obesity.

Mothers' Healthy Lifestyle Tied to Drop in Offspring Obesity

Mothers' Healthy Lifestyle Tied to Drop in Offspring Obesity

Adherence to a healthy lifestyle among mothers during their offspring's childhood is associated with reduced risk of childhood obesity.

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

AMA Adopts Policy to Cut Sugar Sweetened Drink Consumption

The AMA supports evidence-based strategies such as excise taxes and adding warning labels.

Percentage of Teens Trying to Lose Weight Decreasing

Percentage of Teens Trying to Lose Weight Decreasing

From 1988-1994 to 2009-2014 there has been an increase in prevalence of overweight/obesity, but a decrease in weight loss efforts.

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