Positive and Consistent Determinants of Physical Activity in Women
Higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control were positive influencers of being physically active in women.
(HealthDay News) – For women, positive and consistent determinants of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) include higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control, according to a review published in Obesity Reviews.
Stephanie A. Prince, PhD, from the University of Ottawa Heart Institute in Canada, and colleagues searched 6 databases to identify prospective cohort studies that reported on intrapersonal, social, and/or physical environmental determinants of MVPA in women aged 18 to 65 years. Ninety-seven studies were included in the analysis.
The researchers found that 87 of the studies reported on 1 or more intrapersonal determinants. Thirty-four of the studies examined factors in the social and physical environments; none of them examined social policy. Higher self-efficacy, self-rated health and intentions, and perceived behavioral control were positive and consistent influencers of being physically active. There was a negative correlation between having children in the household and MVPA.
"Physical activity intervention studies should consider a woman's level of self-efficacy and perceived behavioral control to be physically active," the authors write. "Additional studies are needed on the impact of children in the household, having a spouse/partner, and using group goal setting. More evidence is needed to evaluate the impact of environmental factors."