Obesity Archive

Improved Aspirin Responsiveness in Obesity With Bariatric Surgery

Improved Aspirin Responsiveness in Obesity With Bariatric Surgery

Further investigation is needed to examine the mechanism behind aspirin responsiveness following bariatric surgery.

Sizeism, Fat Shaming in Medical Settings Leads to Poor Physical Outcomes

Sizeism, Fat Shaming in Medical Settings Leads to Poor Physical Outcomes

Patients stigmatized based on size experience poor psychological and physical health.

Is Weight Loss Necessary Before Total Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery?

Is Weight Loss Necessary Before Total Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery?

Patients with obesity experience similar recovery time to normal-weight patients.

Overweight, Obesity Increases Costs in Health Care Settings

Overweight, Obesity Increases Costs in Health Care Settings

Median increases in health care costs were 12% and 36% for people with overweight and obesity.

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Over 37,000 men were tracked from ages 8 to 20 to examine the link between adolescent BMI and stroke risk.

Maternal Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, Free Thyroxine Associated With BMI

Maternal Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, Free Thyroxine Associated With BMI

Maternal thyroid function and weight gain in early pregnancy were associated with hypothyroidism, but not hyperthyroidism.

Metabolic Profile, Weight Increases Assessed in Ziprasidone Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder

Metabolic Profile, Weight Increases Assessed in Ziprasidone Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder

Escitalopram plus ziprasidone was found safe in certain patients, although the therapy required regular cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring.

Surgical Wound Complications With Staples, Sutures in Women With Obesity

Surgical Wound Complications With Staples, Sutures in Women With Obesity

Surgical wound complications were similar regardless of wound closure technique.

Relationship Between Psoriasis and Cardiometabolic Comorbidities Examined

Relationship Between Psoriasis and Cardiometabolic Comorbidities Examined

Comorbidities included hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, among others.

BMI, Age Impact Inpatient Anorexia Nervosa Outcomes

BMI, Age Impact Inpatient Anorexia Nervosa Outcomes

BMI and age at hospital admission are both predictive of potential negative outcomes in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness Risk Up With Obesity

Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness Risk Up With Obesity

Adults with obesity are twice as likely to develop influenza, regardless of vaccine status.

Sleep Disordered Breathing Impacted by Hypothyroidism, Obesity

Sleep Disordered Breathing Impacted by Hypothyroidism, Obesity

Adult patients with obesity and hypothyroidism have lower-than-average sleep oxygen saturation.

Opioid Use High 7 Years Following Bariatric Surgery

Opioid Use High 7 Years Following Bariatric Surgery

Researchers followed 2218 patients from across the US who underwent bariatric surgery and were prescribed an opioid.

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Metformin decreases BMI z score and improves inflammatory parameters in prepubertal children with obesity.

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

Updates to the US Preventive Services Task Force's recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Interspersed Upper Body Activity With Sedentary Time Improves Glucose, Insulin

Interspersed Upper Body Activity With Sedentary Time Improves Glucose, Insulin

Short periods of arm ergometry while sitting for prolonged periods of time improve glucose and insulin in subjects with obesity.

Examining the Relationship Between Weight Loss and Knee Degeneration

Examining the Relationship Between Weight Loss and Knee Degeneration

Participants who lost between 5% and 10% or more than 10% of their body weight slowed knee joint degeneration, compared to those who maintained their current weight.

Gestational Weight Gain Linked to Adverse Outcomes

Gestational Weight Gain Linked to Adverse Outcomes

Gestational weight gain above current recommendations was a risk of infants with macrosomia or needing a cesarian delivery.

Worldwide Obesity Prevalence: BMI On The Rise in 70 Countries

Worldwide Obesity Prevalence: BMI On The Rise in 70 Countries

In 2015, more than 107 and 603 million children and adults, respectively, were obese.

Grand Rounds Discussion: What Is The Role of Weight Loss Surgery in Obesity?

Grand Rounds Discussion: What Is The Role of Weight Loss Surgery in Obesity?

Despite existing guidelines, many eligible patients are not offered weight loss surgery as an option.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Useful in Quantifying T2D Risk in Overweight, Obesity

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Useful in Quantifying T2D Risk in Overweight, Obesity

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging scores can be used to quantify diabetes risk and assess efficacy of weight loss pharmacotherapy in obesity.

Prolonged Delayed Eating Linked to Weight Gain, Increased Respiratory Quotient

Prolonged Delayed Eating Linked to Weight Gain, Increased Respiratory Quotient

Data presented at SLEEP 2017 found that delayed eating was linked to weight gain vs a daytime eating pattern in healthy adults.

Maternal Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increase in Fetal Birth Defects

Maternal Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increase in Fetal Birth Defects

Researchers suggest that women with overweight or obesity aim to lose weight before becoming pregnant.

Cruciferous Vegetables May Regulate Dysglcemia In Obesity With T2D

Cruciferous Vegetables May Regulate Dysglcemia In Obesity With T2D

Sulforaphane extract from cruciferous vegetables aids in dysglycemia regulation in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Have Negative Effects on Brain Function

Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Have Negative Effects on Brain Function

Obesity negatively affects brain function, particularly in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Linear Relationship Between HbA1c Reduction And Weight Loss in T2D

Linear Relationship Between HbA1c Reduction And Weight Loss in T2D

A linear relationship was identified between weight loss and HbA1c reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Obesity-Related Cancer Risk Linked to Body Fat Location

Obesity-Related Cancer Risk Linked to Body Fat Location

Body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured to analyze respective associations with increased cancer risks.

Elevated C-reactive Protein With High BMI in Schizophrenia

Elevated C-reactive Protein With High BMI in Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia with high BMI is associated with elevated C-reactive protein.

Gene-Based Research Identifies Novel Adiposity Variants

Gene-Based Research Identifies Novel Adiposity Variants

A genome-wide interaction meta-analysis of BMI found that the effects of the FTO gene could be modified with regular physical activity.

Novel "Balloon-In-A-Pill" Explored For Nonsurgical Weight Loss

Novel "Balloon-In-A-Pill" Explored For Nonsurgical Weight Loss

After 6 months, patients who used the new "balloon-in-a-pill" for nonsurgical weight loss lost 12.6% of their body weight.

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Childhood obesity is linked to long-lasting mental health repercussions, including depression in adulthood.

Does Aerobic-Resistance Exercise Benefit Seniors With Obesity?

Does Aerobic-Resistance Exercise Benefit Seniors With Obesity?

At 6 months of exercise intervention, physical performance test scores increased 21% in the combination exercise group, while scores in the control group remained largely the same.

Acute Remission With Antidepressant Medication Based on Obesity, Sex

Acute Remission With Antidepressant Medication Based on Obesity, Sex

Researchers at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System analyzed data for 659 outpatients who completed the iSPOT-D randomized clinical trial.

Brain Function Abnormalities With Overweight/Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Brain Function Abnormalities With Overweight/Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Patients with overweight or obesity with type 2 diabetes had a lower global mean cortical thickness compared with patients at a normal weight.

Behavioral Programs Increase Weight Loss in Adults With Obesity

Behavioral Programs Increase Weight Loss in Adults With Obesity

Referral to a 12-week open-group behavioral weight loss led to increased weight loss among adults with obesity.

HIIT Exercise Programs Show Similar Efficacy As Moderate Intensity Programs

HIIT Exercise Programs Show Similar Efficacy As Moderate Intensity Programs

Results were based on data collected from 13 studies examining HIIT vs MICT for improving body composition in obesity.

Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on BMI in HIV

Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on BMI in HIV

Patients on HAART may require additional metabolic monitoring for cardiovascular issues.

Postbiotic Reduces Glucose Intolerance and Adipose Inflammation

Postbiotic Reduces Glucose Intolerance and Adipose Inflammation

Postbiotic reduced hepatic insulin resistance in obesity and low-level endotoxemia.

Are Exercise Interventions Effective in Rural and Urban Communities?

Are Exercise Interventions Effective in Rural and Urban Communities?

Data from nearly 9000 participants were included in the qualitative synthesis and meta-analysis.

Heart Failure Risk Association with BMI and Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Heart Failure Risk Association with BMI and Cardiorespiratory Fitness

After adjustment for established risk factors, higher BMI during mid-life was "significantly associated" with elevated risk of hospitalization for HF.

All-Cause, Cause-Specific Mortality Increased With Elevated BMI

All-Cause, Cause-Specific Mortality Increased With Elevated BMI

Patients at maximum BMI in overweight, obese I and obese II categories had an increased risk of all-cause death.

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body weight fluctuations can be linked to higher mortality and cardiovascular events, regardless of traditional CV risk factors.

BMI May Underestimate Metabolic Abnormality Risk Assessment in Minorities

BMI May Underestimate Metabolic Abnormality Risk Assessment in Minorities

A cross-sectional analysis of participants found that typical BMI criteria may overlook cardiometabolic risk in racial and ethnic minority groups.

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Researchers have identified the barriers to school nurse-led implementation of pediatric obesity management guidelines.

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

Study uses data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort to investigate possible relationships between knee osteoarthritis and components of the metabolic syndrome.

Obesity Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

Obesity Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

All-cause mortality and cardiovascular death outcomes may be paradoxically improved in obese patients with atrial fibrillation.

Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women on Inhaled Corticosteroids

Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women on Inhaled Corticosteroids

Patients who used corticosteroids had a 1.1-fold increased risk of having metabolic syndrome vs. corticosteroid non-users and the likelihood was more pronounced in women than in men.

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Moderate, diet-induced weight loss can improve metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in women with HIV.

Canagliflozin/Phentermine Results in Superior Weight Loss in Obesity Without Diabetes

Canagliflozin/Phentermine Results in Superior Weight Loss in Obesity Without Diabetes

Canagliflozin/phentermine (CANA/PHEN) resulted in superior weight loss at 26 weeks in adults without type 2 diabetes.

Increased Risk of Severe Liver Disease in Adolescent Men With High BMI

Increased Risk of Severe Liver Disease in Adolescent Men With High BMI

Higher body mass indices in late adolescent men were associated with increased risk of developing severe liver disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma.

Intravisceral Abdominal Fat Mass Reduction With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Intravisceral Abdominal Fat Mass Reduction With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Researchers examined body mass index differences in current, past, and never users of menopausal hormone therapy.

Elevated Hair Cortisol Concentration Associated with Adiposity, Obesity Persistence

Elevated Hair Cortisol Concentration Associated with Adiposity, Obesity Persistence

New research suggested that long-term exposure to increased cortisol may be associated with increased adiposity levels.

Effects of Anti-inflammatory Diets in Obese Patients With Chronic Pain

Effects of Anti-inflammatory Diets in Obese Patients With Chronic Pain

Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores were found to mediate the relationship between BMI and pain in patients with obesity.

How Does Group Prenatal Care Impact Weight Gain In Pregnancy?

How Does Group Prenatal Care Impact Weight Gain In Pregnancy?

Researchers found that women participating in group prenatal care were more likely to experience excess gestational weight gain.

Do People With Obesity Always Present With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors?

Do People With Obesity Always Present With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors?

Over 18% of patients who were overweight and 5.8% of patients considered morbidly obese did not have any cardiometabolic risk factors present.

Obesity In Early Pregnancy Tied to Cerebral Palsy

Obesity In Early Pregnancy Tied to Cerebral Palsy

Full-term infants were more likely to be affected by obesity in early pregnancy.

As Obesity Rises, Number of Dieters Decreases

As Obesity Rises, Number of Dieters Decreases

Although obesity rates have increased during the last 2 decades, the number of Americans actively dieting has gone down.

Obesity In Girls Linked to Higher Prevalence of Allergies, Atopic Disease

Obesity In Girls Linked to Higher Prevalence of Allergies, Atopic Disease

Girls with obesity were more likely to have a higher allergy score than both normal-weight girls and both obese and normal-weight boys, according

Nonvertebral Fracture Risk After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Nonvertebral Fracture Risk After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Researchers examined the nonvertebral fracture risk in adults with obesity who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass vs adjustable gastric banding.

Bariatric Surgery Decreases Microvascular Complications in Obese Patients

Bariatric Surgery Decreases Microvascular Complications in Obese Patients

A significant interaction occurred between baseline glycemic status and treatment effect on microvascular disease incidence.

American Gastroenterological Association Releases Obesity Practice Guide

American Gastroenterological Association Releases Obesity Practice Guide

Gastroenterologists are in a unique position to lead a multidisciplinary care team for patients with obesity.

Woman's Health Initiative Analysis Confirms Consistent Relationship Between Central Obesity and Mortality

Woman's Health Initiative Analysis Confirms Consistent Relationship Between Central Obesity and Mortality

Researchers used data from the Woman's Health Initiative to determine that central adiposity has a negative impact on lifespan.

Fitbit Pitfalls: Electronic Tracking Devices May Not Provide Increased Weight Loss Benefits

Fitbit Pitfalls: Electronic Tracking Devices May Not Provide Increased Weight Loss Benefits

Calorie tracker apps are often superior to fitness apps when it comes to increasing weight loss.

USPSTF: Intensive Behavioral Counseling Recommendations for Obese Adults Cost-Effective

USPSTF: Intensive Behavioral Counseling Recommendations for Obese Adults Cost-Effective

Prioritization base on patient's risk levels would lead to further health gains.

Benefits of Sustained Weight Loss in Type 2 Diabetes

Benefits of Sustained Weight Loss in Type 2 Diabetes

Over 5 years follow-up, researchers found reduced levels of HbA1c, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, and quality of life in patients who reported sustained weight loss.

Maintenance Interventions Key in Long-Term Weight Loss

Maintenance Interventions Key in Long-Term Weight Loss

Post-diet coaching sessions have been found to improve the maintenance of long-term weight loss in dieters.

Intentional Weight Loss in Postmenopausal Women Associated With Reduced Endometrial Cancer RIsk

Intentional Weight Loss in Postmenopausal Women Associated With Reduced Endometrial Cancer RIsk

Weight loss during menopause is associated with a lower risk of endometrial cancer.

Does Weight Suppression Predict of Severity of Bulimic Syndromes?

Does Weight Suppression Predict of Severity of Bulimic Syndromes?

Study results were mixed, researchers found, and caution that causality cannot be implied due to the nature of the study.

Self-Stigmatization Elevates Cardiometabolic Risk in Obese Patients

Self-Stigmatization Elevates Cardiometabolic Risk in Obese Patients

Shaming those who are obese into weight loss will negatively impact their motivation and increase risk for cardiovascular disease.

How Does Antipsychotic Treatment Affect Cardiometabolic Factors in Young Patients?

How Does Antipsychotic Treatment Affect Cardiometabolic Factors in Young Patients?

Early psychotic symptoms in child or adolescent patients were predictive of elevated BMI and waist circumference scores.

Bariatric Surgery Improves Splanchnic Vascular Responses in Type 2 Diabetes

Bariatric Surgery Improves Splanchnic Vascular Responses in Type 2 Diabetes

For obese patients with type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery is associated with improved splanchnic vascular responses.

Endocrine Society Releases New Pediatric Obesity Guidelines

Endocrine Society Releases New Pediatric Obesity Guidelines

The evidence-based clinical practice guideline focuses on the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity.

Obesity Not Associated With Low-Back Pain

Obesity Not Associated With Low-Back Pain

Obesity-related measures are not associated with the risk of developing chronic low-back pain after accounting for genetic factors.

Post-Bariatric Surgery Changes in Vision

Post-Bariatric Surgery Changes in Vision

A patient notes concerns with vision difficulty 4 years after undergoing a laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch.

Obesity Prevention, Treatment Underrepresented on Medical Licensing Exams

Obesity Prevention, Treatment Underrepresented on Medical Licensing Exams

The most important concepts of obesity prevention and treatment are not adequately represented on the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step examinations.

Bariatric Surgery May Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy

Bariatric Surgery May Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy

There are fewer cases of incident diabetic retinopathy among obese patients with type 2 diabetes undergoing bariatric surgery compared with medical treatment.

Overweight, Obese Children at Higher Risk for Post-Op Infections

Overweight, Obese Children at Higher Risk for Post-Op Infections

Overweight and obese children seem to be more likely than others to develop postoperative surgical site infections.

Infection in Infancy Tied to Childhood Obesity

Infection in Infancy Tied to Childhood Obesity

Infection, rather than antibiotic use, is associated with increased risk of childhood obesity.

Redefining Obesity: An Interview With Jeffrey Mechanick, MD

Redefining Obesity: An Interview With Jeffrey Mechanick, MD

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology are seeking to eliminate the stigma surrounding the term "obesity" and clarify information about obesity as a disease state.

Gastric Bypass Outcomes in Severely Obese Teens

Gastric Bypass Outcomes in Severely Obese Teens

Severely obese adolescents who underwent gastric bypass surgery experienced significant weight loss that was maintained over long-term follow-up.

Adipose Tissue Insulin Resistance Increased in Obese Patients

Adipose Tissue Insulin Resistance Increased in Obese Patients

Resistance to the antilipolytic effect of insulin is increased in obese individuals with normal glucose tolerance, and in those with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes.

Does Parental Obesity Affect Child Development?

Does Parental Obesity Affect Child Development?

Children born to obese parents may be more likely to experience developmental delays.

Rate of Weight Loss May Be Linked to Dementia in Older Women

Rate of Weight Loss May Be Linked to Dementia in Older Women

Rate of loss over 20 years linked to development of mild cognitive impairment or dementia in women surviving past age 80.

What Role Does Obesity Play in Atrial Fibrillation?

What Role Does Obesity Play in Atrial Fibrillation?

The comorbid conditions of obesity and atrial fibrillation require better prevention and treatment strategies.

Gastric Bypass Tied to Decreased Psoriasis Risk

Gastric Bypass Tied to Decreased Psoriasis Risk

Gastric bypass, but not gastric banding, is associated with reduced risk of psoriasis, progression to severe psoriasis, and psoriatic arthritis.

The Handoff: Your Week in Endocrinology - 12/2/16

In this week's Handoff, read about the FDA's approval of a new indication for a type 2 diabetes drug, and more.

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding in Type 2 Diabetes

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding in Type 2 Diabetes

Although glucose control is initially superior following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass vs laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, greater weight loss may attenuate this effect.

The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model: Is It Too Simple?

The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model: Is It Too Simple?

Losing weight is more complex than following a simple diet.

Cesarean Delivery May Raise Obesity Risk in Children

Cesarean Delivery May Raise Obesity Risk in Children

Children born by Cesarean section may be more likely to develop obesity later in life.

Less Sleep May Increase Sugary Drink Consumption

Less Sleep May Increase Sugary Drink Consumption

Improving sleep may help reduce an individual's sugar-sweetened, caffeinated beverage intake, and vice-versa.

Bariatric Surgery Decreased Heart Failure Risk

Bariatric Surgery Decreased Heart Failure Risk

Bariatric surgery was associated with a significant reduction in risk of heart failure among obese patients.

Multifaceted Campaign Tied to Drop in Sugary Drink Sales

Multifaceted Campaign Tied to Drop in Sugary Drink Sales

A multifaceted campaign that included policy change and community outreach led to a decrease in sales of sugary drinks.

BMI Associated With Hand Osteoarthritis

BMI Associated With Hand Osteoarthritis

Increased body mass index (BMI) may have a moderate effect on hand arthritis.

USPSTF Recommends Obesity Screening in Children, Teens

USPSTF Recommends Obesity Screening in Children, Teens

The USPSTF recommends that children and adolescents older than age 6 years should be screened for obesity.

The Handoff: Your Week in Endocrinology - 11/11/16

The Handoff is a weekly roundup of endocrinology news covering various developments in subspecialties, as well as pharmaceutical industry, association, and society news.

Polyneuropathy Risk May Be Increased With Prediabetes, Obesity

Polyneuropathy Risk May Be Increased With Prediabetes, Obesity

Diabetes, waist circumference, and prediabetes were the main metabolic factors associated with neuropathy.

Some Older Adults With Obesity May Avoid Medical Care Due to Stigma

Some Older Adults With Obesity May Avoid Medical Care Due to Stigma

The stigma associated with excess weight may cause some older adults with obesity to avoid seeking health care.

Diabetes Risk Higher in Metabolically Healthy Obesity

Diabetes Risk Higher in Metabolically Healthy Obesity

Patients with metabolically healthy obesity are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Commercial Weight Loss Programs May Benefit Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Commercial Weight Loss Programs May Benefit Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Weight Watchers plus additional education improved glycemic control in overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes.

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