Obesity Archive

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Preoperative Psychiatric Diagnoses Not Associated With Bariatric Surgery Outcomes

Psychiatric diagnoses may not be a contraindication to weight loss surgery.

Attitudes Among Obese Are Not Aligned With Healthy Living

Attitudes Among Obese Are Not Aligned With Healthy Living

Consumers with obesity report favoring taste and value rather than health and nutrition.

Adult Obesity Prevalence Varies With Level of Urbanization

Adult Obesity Prevalence Varies With Level of Urbanization

Increased obesity for men, women living in medium, small versus large metropolitan statistical areas

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Influence of Psychostimulants on BMI and Height in Youth With ADHD

Investigators conducted a retrospective observational study to assess the impact of psychostimulant medication on BMI and height in a group of children and adolescents with ADHD.

Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Effect of Infant Feeding Practices and Gut Microbiota on Overweight in First Year

Researchers assessed the effect of formula supplementation vs breastfeeding on the gut microbiome and risk of infant overweight.

CDC: Obesity Prevalence Higher in Non-Metropolitan Counties

CDC: Obesity Prevalence Higher in Non-Metropolitan Counties

The prevalence of obesity is higher among those living in non-metropolitan counties versus metropolitan counties.

Many Working Americans Obtain Unhealthy Foods at Work

Many Working Americans Obtain Unhealthy Foods at Work

Many working Americans obtain food and beverages from work, and these foods often do not align with dietary guidelines.

Most Infants and Toddlers Consume Added Sugar

Most Infants and Toddlers Consume Added Sugar

The researchers found that on a given day, 85 percent of infants and toddlers had any consumption of added sugar.

Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

Female Teens, Young Adults Not Getting Enough Exercise

Researchers assessed current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults, as well as the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex among participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Better Dietary Patterns Among U.S. Adults Could Save Billions

Better Dietary Patterns Among U.S. Adults Could Save Billions

Increased adherence to healthy dietary patterns could result in health care savings from improved health outcomes.

Metabolic Health Maintenance Key to Preventing Cardiovascular Disease

Metabolic Health Maintenance Key to Preventing Cardiovascular Disease

Regardless of long-term metabolic health maintenance, obesity remains a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Rose From 1999 to 2014

Childhood Obesity/Overweight Steadily Rose From 1999 to 2014

If current trends continue, one-third of children and one-half of adolescents will be obese or overweight by 2030.

FDA Approves Updated Labeling for Two Obesity Treatments

FDA Approves Updated Labeling for Two Obesity Treatments

Specifically, the new labeling includes updated data on the global rate of occurrence related to these adverse events.

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.

Diazoxide Decreases Insulin Levels in Obese Men Without Diabetes

Diazoxide Decreases Insulin Levels in Obese Men Without Diabetes

Investigators assessed the effects of diazoxide on lipid and glucose metabolism in obese men with diabetes.

Exercise Modifies Predisposition to Obesity After Menopause

Exercise Modifies Predisposition to Obesity After Menopause

Physical activity modifies the association between the body mass index genetic risk score and BMI.

Childhood Overweight Increases Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood

Childhood Overweight Increases Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Adulthood

Investigators examined changes in weight from childhood to early adulthood and the risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

Endocrinologist Kevin M. Pantalone, DO, and psychiatrist Christian Kohler, MD, discuss the risk associated with the use of antipsychotic medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Severe Obesity Linked to Rapid Progression of Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe Obesity Linked to Rapid Progression of Disability in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe obesity is associated with more rapid progression of disability in rheumatoid arthritis.

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

Late-Life Mobility Limitations Linked to Obesity After Arthroplasty for OA in Women

Baseline obesity is associated with an increased risk for late-life mobility limitations in women undergoing joint replacement for OA.

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

Provider Counseling for Weight Loss Up for Arthritis, Overweight

In 2014, health care provider counseling for weight loss for adults with arthritis and overweight or obesity was 45.5 percent, up 10.4 percent from 2002.

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Metabolically Healthy Obesity Not Without Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Eesearchers found that baseline metabolically healthy obesity was not significantly associated with incident cardiovascular disease, compared with metabolically healthy normal weight.

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

Effect of Maternal Caffeine Intake on Childhood Growth

Maternal caffeine intake >200 mg/day during pregnancy was associated with high weight gain velocity beginning from the first months of life and higher BMI throughout childhood.

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severe Obesity Tied to Faster Progression to Disability With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Severely obese rheumatoid arthritis patients also had worse disability at baseline than overweight patients.

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

Tibiofemoral MRI May Be Predictive of Radiographic Knee OA in Overweight, Obese Women

Researchers sought to determine the predictive value of tibiofemoral MRI, patellofemoral MRI, and KLG1 for the incidence of clinical or radiographic knee OA.

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Review: Need to Strengthen Natural Experiments in Obesity

Based on findings from a systematic review of the literature, recommendations have been developed for improving the evidence for natural experiments in obesity.

Improved research methods needed to determine effectiveness of anti-obesity public health initiatives

Researchers found that amongst nearly 300 studies reporting the impact of policies, programs, or changes in built environment on controlling and preventing obesity, most natural experiments had high risk of bias and poor handling of dropouts and withdrawals.

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

About 40% of Men Report Experiencing Weight Stigma

Researchers assessed the weight stigma experiences of 1,513 men, examining the characteristics of men who experienced weight stigma versus men who did not.

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Age- and Weight-Based Screening Identifies Half With Prediabetes

Targeted diabetes screening based only on age and weight criteria will identify approximately half of US adults with dysglycemia.

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Evening Preference Linked to Higher BMI in Type 2 Diabetes

Results suggest that circadian preference and meal timing are novel and possibly modifiable risk factors for obesity in type 2 diabetes.

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

Soda Tax Cuts Daily Soda, Energy Drink Consumption

A soda tax does influence daily consumption of regular soda, energy drinks, and bottled water.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Factors Identified to Predict Fatty Liver in Obese Teens

Ethnicity,race, markers of insulin resistance, and genetic factors might help identify obese youth at risk for developing fatty liver.

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Obesity Can Negatively Effect Liver in Children as Young as 8

Researchers examined the relationship between early to mid-childhood adiposity measures and mid-childhood alanine aminotransferase levels.

Intensive Lifestyle Interventions Cut Long-Term Disability in Type 2 Diabetes

Intensive Lifestyle Interventions Cut Long-Term Disability in Type 2 Diabetes

For overweight or obese adults with T2D, a long-term weight loss intervention is associated with a reduction in long-term disability.

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

Obesity Risk in Infants Born to Women With Diabetes

Parents and healthcare workers should carefully consider the risk for obesity in infants born to women with diabetes, especially infants born large for gestational age, and should initiate preventive measures where possible.

Oxyntomodulin Augments Glucose Homeostasis

Oxyntomodulin Augments Glucose Homeostasis

In obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes, oxyntomodulin significantly augments glucose-dependent insulin secretion.

Waist-to-Height Ratio Tied to Anxiety in Middle-Aged Women

Waist-to-Height Ratio Tied to Anxiety in Middle-Aged Women

Researchers conducted secondary analysis of data from a multicenter study of 5580 women from 11 Latin America countries in order to assess the association between waist-to-height ratio and anxiety.

No association of overweight childhood and adult type 2 diabetes risk after weight loss

Compared to men who were never overweight, those overweight at age 7 who returned to a normal body mass index by age 13 had no increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

Increased Risk for Abdominal Obesity Found in People Living With HIV

The Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV Infection (COCOMO) study assessed the association between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and HIV infection.

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Factors Identified for Breastfeeding Behavior in Women With BMI ≥30

Current care should encourage women to plan to breastfeed, provide corrective information for specific beliefs, and address issues relating to body image and social knowledge.

Weight Loss Over Time May Reduce Risk for Diabetes Onset

Weight Loss Over Time May Reduce Risk for Diabetes Onset

The findings from a national sample underscore the importance of developing policies and programs that reduce the prevalence of obesity.

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Eating Pecans May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes

Changes in serum insulin and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance and beta cell function were significantly greater compared to the control diet

BMI As Predictor of CVD Risk May Be More Susceptible to Bias

BMI As Predictor of CVD Risk May Be More Susceptible to Bias

The J-shaped correlation seen for body mass index with cardiovascular disease risk is susceptible to confounding due to pre-existing comorbidities.

Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

Overweight, Obesity Contributing to Cancers in Young Adults

Researchers conducted a comprehensive narrative review to examine the correlation of the obesity pandemic with appearance of cancers in young adults under age 50.

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

Association Between BMI-Related Metabolites, Gut Microbiota, and Obesity

Metabolites could be mediators in the connection between gut microbiota and obesity and points to potential future opportunities for targeting the gut microbiota in the prevention of obesity.

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk in Men

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk in Men

Change in body mass index to overweight during puberty significantly increases men's risk of heart failure later in life.

Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

Strategies to Prevent Obesity in Children

Of various interventions used in nonclinical settings for the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, school-based programs that combine nutrition and exercise and include a home-based component appear to be the most effective approaches.

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

Obesity Linked to Improved Survival in Metastatic Melanoma

For men with metastatic melanoma treated with targeted or immune therapy, obesity is associated with improved survival.

BMI Linked to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus

BMI Linked to Hepatocellular Carcinoma Risk in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus

For patients with chronic hepatitis B virus, body mass index is significantly associated with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, with the risk more pronounced for women than men.

Cryoablation of Posterior Vagal Trunk Feasible in Obesity

Cryoablation of Posterior Vagal Trunk Feasible in Obesity

Following the success of this preliminary safety and feasibility study, more patients are being recruited for a larger clinical trial of the procedure to test the efficacy and durability of the procedure.

Independent Risk Pathways Shown for Diabetes and Obesity in Adults With Serious Mental Illness

Independent Risk Pathways Shown for Diabetes and Obesity in Adults With Serious Mental Illness

Given the high risk for metabolic disorder and type 2 diabetes, clinicians should select psychotropic medications carefully and monitor metabolic conditions regularly in their patients with serious mental illness.

Recent Years Have Seen Obesity Prevalence Increasing for Adults

Recent Years Have Seen Obesity Prevalence Increasing for Adults

For adults, but not youth, there was an increase in the prevalence of obesity in decade between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016.

Risk for Childhood Obesity Increased With Low Maternal Vitamin D Levels

Risk for Childhood Obesity Increased With Low Maternal Vitamin D Levels

Researchers evaluated the association between low maternal vitamin D status in early pregnancy and the likelihood of childhood obesity in the offspring.

Menopausal Hormone Therapy Linked to Reduced Abdominal Fat

Menopausal Hormone Therapy Linked to Reduced Abdominal Fat

Physicians should be aware that the benefit of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on body composition might rapidly disappear after its withdrawal and strongly encourage women to optimize nutrition and increase physical activity when stopping MHT.

Calorie Restriction Linked to Sustained Metabolic Adaptation

Calorie Restriction Linked to Sustained Metabolic Adaptation

Calorie restriction over 2 years is associated with considerable weight loss, and with lower than expected energy expenditure.

Surgical Treatment Better Than Medical Therapy in Severely Obese Adolescents With T2D

Surgical Treatment Better Than Medical Therapy in Severely Obese Adolescents With T2D

Researchers compared glycemic control in cohorts of severely obese adolescents with type 2 diabetes undergoing medical and surgical interventions.

Bariatric Surgery Underused in Adolescents With Severe Obesity

Bariatric Surgery Underused in Adolescents With Severe Obesity

Results comparing the prevalence of obesity amongst adolescents with the rate of bariatric surgeries were presented at ENDO 2018.

Semaglutide May Be Useful for Treating Obesity in People Without Diabetes

Semaglutide May Be Useful for Treating Obesity in People Without Diabetes

In combination with dietary and physical activity counseling, all semaglutide doses from 0.05-0.4 mg daily were tolerated and resulted in dose-related reductions in body weight among people with obesity without diabetes.

Reducing Total Daily Insulin Dose in T2D: 3-Meal vs 6-Meal Diet

Reducing Total Daily Insulin Dose in T2D: 3-Meal vs 6-Meal Diet

In people with obesity and type 2 diabetes, a meal schedule that includes a high-energy breakfast promotes weight loss, improves diabetes, and decreases the need for insulin.

Gastric Bypass Surgery Linked to Increased Risk for Nonvertebral Fractures

Gastric Bypass Surgery Linked to Increased Risk for Nonvertebral Fractures

Roux-en Y gastric bypass increased the likelihood of nonvertebral fractures, including hip, wrist, and pelvic fractures.

Separate Pathways for T2D and Obesity in Patients With Mental Illness

Separate Pathways for T2D and Obesity in Patients With Mental Illness

New research suggests that there are separate pathways for the development of type 2 diabetes and obesity in patients with serious mental illness and demonstrate that there are important effects associated with sex and race or ethnicity.

Weight Changes Influence Risk of Diabetes Over Course of Life

Weight Changes Influence Risk of Diabetes Over Course of Life

Changes in weight influence the risk of diabetes, with lower risk of diabetes for obese individuals who lose weight vs stable obesity.

Obesity May Increase Cardiovascular Morbidity, Mortality

Obesity May Increase Cardiovascular Morbidity, Mortality

Results provide critical perspective on cardiovascular disease associated with overweight and obesity and challenge both the obesity paradox as well as the view that overweight is associated with greater longevity.

No Difference in Weight Loss Outcomes With Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet

No Difference in Weight Loss Outcomes With Low-Fat vs Low-Carbohydrate Diet

There was no significant difference in 12-month weight loss between the healthy low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets, and neither genotype pattern nor baseline insulin secretion was associated with the dietary effects on weight loss.

Obesity, Diabetes May Increase Risk of Reoperation After Microvascular Decompression

Obesity, Diabetes May Increase Risk of Reoperation After Microvascular Decompression

Microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia was found to be a largely safe procedure, but patients with diabetes or obesity are an increased risk for reoperation within 30 days.

Plasma Leptin Levels Associated With Sleep Quality in Obese Patients With T2D

Plasma Leptin Levels Associated With Sleep Quality in Obese Patients With T2D

Plasma leptin levels are independently associated with sleep quality in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, but not in those who are not obese.

Children Exposed to Metformin In Utero Have Increased Risk of Being Overweight

Children Exposed to Metformin In Utero Have Increased Risk of Being Overweight

Children exposed to metformin had higher BMI and increased prevalence of overweight/obesity at 4 years of age.

Increased Adiposity Raises Myocardial Infarction Risk More in Women

Increased Adiposity Raises Myocardial Infarction Risk More in Women

Increases in waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio are associated with a greater excess risk of myocardial infarction in women than men.

Higher Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in Women With Type 2 Diabetes

Higher Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in Women With Type 2 Diabetes

Women, not men, with T2D had an increased obesity-related standardized cancer incidence compared with women in the general population as early as 5 years before diabetes diagnosis.

Sleeve Gastrectomy May Reduce Rates of Gestational Diabetes, Excessive Fetal Growth

Sleeve Gastrectomy May Reduce Rates of Gestational Diabetes, Excessive Fetal Growth

Researchers conducted a retrospective case-control study of deliveries that happened from 2006 to 2016 to examine associations of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Weight Regain Common After Management Program

Weight Regain Common After Management Program

Researchers sought to characterize the pattern of weight loss and regain after patients complete a weight management program, and found that patients may begin to regain weight immediately after completion.

Obesity Prevalence Remains Stagnant Among Children

Obesity Prevalence Remains Stagnant Among Children

Researchers used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 1999 to 2016 to update the prevalence data on obesity trends among US children and adolescents age 2 to 19 years.

Effect of low-fat vs low-carbohydrate diet on weight loss in overweight adults

No significant difference in weight change between a healthy low-fat diet and a healthy low-carbohydrate diet. Genotype pattern or insulin secretion was not associated with dietary effects on weight loss.

Damaging Effects of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Bone Mass and Microarchitecture

Damaging Effects of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Bone Mass and Microarchitecture

Researchers observed detrimental effects of RYGB on bone turnover, mass, structure, and strength just 6 months postoperatively, and these effects persisted throughout the duration of the 12-month study.

Birth Mode, Gut Microbiota May Contribute to Intergenerational Transmission of Being Overweight

Birth Mode, Gut Microbiota May Contribute to Intergenerational Transmission of Being Overweight

The correlation between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and childhood overweight at ages 1 and 3 years may be mediated by birth mode and infant gut microbiota.

USPSTF Recommends Intensive, Multicomponent Behavioral Interventions for Obesity

USPSTF Recommends Intensive, Multicomponent Behavioral Interventions for Obesity

Compared with control groups, behavior-based weight loss maintenance interventions are associated with less weight gain after cessation of the interventions.

Greater Benefits for Patients With T2D After RYGB Surgery vs Other Management Options

Greater Benefits for Patients With T2D After RYGB Surgery vs Other Management Options

For obese adults with type 2 diabetes, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is associated with greater weight loss, lower HbA1c, and reduced cardiovascular risk compared with intensive medical diabetes and weight management.

Antidiabetes Treatment Discontinuation Higher in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery

Antidiabetes Treatment Discontinuation Higher in Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery

A recent survey examines the correlation between bariatric surgery and rates of continuation, discontinuation, or initiation of antidiabetes treatment 6 years after bariatric surgery compared with a matched control obese group.

Weight Loss May Improve Pain in Patients With Obesity

Weight Loss May Improve Pain in Patients With Obesity

Weight loss may result in improved pain, symptom severity, depression, and fibromyalgia scores in patients with obesity.

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Higher concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances are associated with greater weight regain in a diet-induced weight-loss setting.

Postoperative Bariatric Surgery Outcomes With Helicobacter pylori

Postoperative Bariatric Surgery Outcomes With Helicobacter pylori

The Gram-negative bacterium Helicobacter pylori was associated with increased marginal ulceration rates, but otherwise had little impact on bariatric surgery outcomes.

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

Improvements in Mortality Rates Stalled by Rising BMI in the United States

A recent study examined the extent to which rising BMI accounts for reductions in the rate of mortality using data from cohorts of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and linked mortality files.

Reducing Eating Speed May Prevent Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Reducing Eating Speed May Prevent Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Eating speed can affect changes in obesity, body mass index, and waist circumference in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

Case Challenge: Obesity and Shortness of Breath in a 52-Year-Old Man

A man with morbid obesity, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea presents with shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion. What is the next step in care?

Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Obesity Development

Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Obesity Development

Public health policies should aim to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and encourage healthy alternatives such as water.

Bariatric Surgery Associated With Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm

Bariatric Surgery Associated With Suicide, Non-Fatal Self-Harm

A recent study reported that the risk for suicide and non-fatal self-harm was increased after bariatric surgery.

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

Body Fat May Increase Breast Cancer Risk in Women With Normal BMI

High body fat levels are associated with elevated risk of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women with normal body mass index.

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

Effect of School-Based Intervention on Preventing Childhood Obesity

The school-based healthy lifestyle program intervention encouraged healthy eating and physical activity and included a daily physical activity opportunities and termly cooking skills workshops.

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

Exercise May Reduce Abdominal Adiposity, Inflammation Independent of BMI

Abdominal obesity and low inflammation levels independent of body mass index are inversely associated with fitness.

Obesity Associated With More Asthma Symptoms in Preschoolers

Obesity Associated With More Asthma Symptoms in Preschoolers

For preschool children, overweight/obesity is associated with more asthma symptom days and exacerbations among those not treated with a daily controller.

Health Care Costs Associated With Obesity Rising

Health Care Costs Associated With Obesity Rising

The amount of US health care resources devoted to treating obesity-related illness in US adults rose 29% from 2001 to 2015.

Poor Sleep Quality Associated With Higher BMI in Children

Poor Sleep Quality Associated With Higher BMI in Children

Sleep duration and circadian components of the sleep/wake cycle are linked to obesity-related eating behaviors and childhood body weight.

Managing Acute Pain in Patients With Severe Obesity

Managing Acute Pain in Patients With Severe Obesity

Pain management in patients who are obese can be a challenge due to their altered pharmacokinetic profile.

Bariatric Surgery May Improve Peripheral, Central Pain Sensitization

Bariatric Surgery May Improve Peripheral, Central Pain Sensitization

Patients were found to have improved pressure pain threshold at the patella and the wrist after weight loss associated with bariatric surgery, suggesting bariatric surgery may improve pain sensitization.

Obesity Trends in Children Enrolled in Special Nutrition Programs

Obesity Trends in Children Enrolled in Special Nutrition Programs

Findings indicate recent progress in reducing the prevalence of severe obesity among young children in the United States enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children.

Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome May Increase Prostate Cancer Recurrence

Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome May Increase Prostate Cancer Recurrence

Obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with increased recurrence among men with prostate cancer who undergo radical prostatectomy.

Does Bariatric Surgery Reduce CVD Risk Factors in Adolescents?

Does Bariatric Surgery Reduce CVD Risk Factors in Adolescents?

Weight loss after bariatric surgery in adolescents predicts the degree of longitudinal improvement in elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, hyperinsulinemia, dyslipidemia, and diabetes.

Higher BMI Tied to Communities With Higher Rates of Obesity

Higher BMI Tied to Communities With Higher Rates of Obesity

Body mass index and odds of overweight and/or obesity are increased with exposure to communities with higher rates of obesity.

Increased Risk of Complications After Bariatric Surgery vs Medical Treatment

Increased Risk of Complications After Bariatric Surgery vs Medical Treatment

Bariatric surgery is associated with lower risks of obesity-related comorbidities but a clinically important increased risk for complications compared with medical treatment.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters



CME Focus