Extended-contact, text message interventions appears to be effective for adults in supporting weight management.
Research increasingly points to obesity and associated comorbidities as potential contributors to Alzheimer disease pathophysiology, suggesting that conditions such as prediabetes and diabetes may be modifiable risk factors.
Individuals with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have blunted β-cell sensitivity to changes in glycemia.
Weight-loss diets, such as those low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.
Different weight loss patterns are observed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, with much of the weight loss maintained over time.
Underweight woman were more likely to receive lifesaving interventions for antepartum hemorrhage and acute renal failure than women with normal BMI prepregnancy.
More than half of today's children are expected to be obese at the age of 35 years, with about half of the prevalence occurring during childhood.
For patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, abdominal obesity is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality.
A man presents to the emergency department having had palpitations for the past week, and he has a medical history of hypertension, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. What's the diagnosis?
Researchers suggested that changes in perfusion may contribute to improved liver metabolism after bariatric surgery in obese patients.
Findings indicate that using a BMI cutpoint of 30 may lead to bias in measuring the effects of obesity on health outcomes in postmenopausal women.
Of 14,067,894 reported cancer cases, 280,100 (2%) were attributed to diabetes alone, 544,300 (3.9%) were attributed to a high BMI alone, and 792,600 (5.6%) were attributed to both.
Investigators believe that circulating adipokines may be associated with the development of preeclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes in the first trimester.
Higher childhood body mass index and increases in BMI during childhood are linked to an increased risk of early adult ischemic stroke.
Major depressive disorder with atypical features was shown to share genetic factors with obesity-related traits.
The prevalence of sarcopenia — particularly in combination with ostepenia — increases with age, and sarcopenic obesity may be underrecognized, despite its impact in patients with rheumatic diseases.
The rise of brain glucose levels is blunted during hyperglycemia in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
There is a need for bridging the disconnect between policies that address underweight and overweight children and adolescents.
The high prevalence of T2D in African American women could explain previously identified racial disparities in breast cancer incidence.
Traumatic events included death of a child, being the victim of assault, experiencing a life-threatening illness, or spouse or child experiencing an accident.
Higher-dose and specialized treatment content designed to help families maintain weight-control behaviors following family-based behavioral weight loss treatment enhances weight outcomes.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with simultaneous cholecystectomy had a significantly higher complication rate and took more than 1 hour longer than RYGB without cholecystectomy.
Probiotic supplementation resulted in a significant reduction in body weight, BMI, and fat percentage in people with overweight or obesity.
Bariatric surgery appears to induce changes in the gastrointestinal tract and its interactions with the endocrine system in ways that may influence glycemic control.
Obese men have lower semen volume, number, concentration, and motility, as well as a higher prevalence of oligospermia and asthenospermia.
The latest CDC findings show that 40% of US adults and 19% of US children are affected by obesity.
The efficacy of liraglutide therapy was examined in metformin-treated subjects with obesity.
Dietary energy density correlated with elevated BMI and waist circumference in normal-weight women.
Referral to a commercial weight management program, such as Weight Watchers, can be effective in preventing diabetes.
Researchers have identified lasting benefits for patients with severe obesity who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.
Increasing obesity is associated with increased ICU resource utilization in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
There is reduced mortality for patients with diabetes undergoing RYGB.
It has been shown that there is an association between religious affiliation and higher body weight.
Increasing waist circumference in midlife increases the risk of cognitive decline in late life.
Increases in BMI z-score between 7 and 13 years of age increase a person's risk of ischemic stroke in early adulthood.
Obstructive sleep apnea treatment can impact metabolic alterations in children with obesity and OSA.
Researchers examined how adipocyte size reduction and fatty acid metabolism contribute to remission in type 2 diabetes following bariatric surgery.
Researchers created body size phenotypes, defined by BMI category, to assess CVD incidence in a metabolically healthy obese population.
Both intensity of physical activity and time spent active can explain variability in femoral neck BMD in people with class III obesity.
Stress is associated with impaired sleep and possible obesity.
According to recent research published in JAMA Surgery, bariatric surgery at body mass index less than 40 kg/m² tends to achieve better results.
Over an average 23-year follow-up, nearly 3000 participants developed colorectal cancer.
High costs associated with in vitro fertilization create barriers to fertility treatments that many cannot overcome.
Restricting consumption of high fructose corn syrup did not appear to improve insulin resistance in obese children.
Researchers created a genetic risk score to determine the causal effect of BMI on asthma, hay fever, and allergic sensitization.
Individuals who are considered "overfat" have excess fat, regardless of weight or BMI measurements.
Researchers created 3 plant-based diet indices based on the healthiness of specific foods.
A newly released recommendation statement suggests that physicians should provide lifestyle counseling to both low- and high-risk adults to prevent CVD.
Further investigation is needed to examine the mechanism behind aspirin responsiveness following bariatric surgery.
The likelihood of healthy aging was also decreased.
Patients stigmatized based on size experience poor psychological and physical health.
Patients with obesity experience similar recovery time to normal-weight patients.
Median increases in health care costs were 12% and 36% for people with overweight and obesity.
Over 37,000 men were tracked from ages 8 to 20 to examine the link between adolescent BMI and stroke risk.
Maternal thyroid function and weight gain in early pregnancy were associated with hypothyroidism, but not hyperthyroidism.
Metabolic Profile, Weight Increases Assessed in Ziprasidone Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder
Escitalopram plus ziprasidone was found safe in certain patients, although the therapy required regular cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring.
Surgical wound complications were similar regardless of wound closure technique.
Comorbidities included hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, among others.
BMI and age at hospital admission are both predictive of potential negative outcomes in patients with anorexia nervosa.
Adults with obesity are twice as likely to develop influenza, regardless of vaccine status.
Adult patients with obesity and hypothyroidism have lower-than-average sleep oxygen saturation.
Researchers followed 2218 patients from across the US who underwent bariatric surgery and were prescribed an opioid.
Metformin decreases BMI z score and improves inflammatory parameters in prepubertal children with obesity.
Updates to the US Preventive Services Task Force's recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents focus on intensive behavioral interventions.
Short periods of arm ergometry while sitting for prolonged periods of time improve glucose and insulin in subjects with obesity.
Participants who lost between 5% and 10% or more than 10% of their body weight slowed knee joint degeneration, compared to those who maintained their current weight.
Gestational weight gain above current recommendations was a risk of infants with macrosomia or needing a cesarian delivery.
In 2015, more than 107 and 603 million children and adults, respectively, were obese.
Despite existing guidelines, many eligible patients are not offered weight loss surgery as an option.
Cardiometabolic Disease Staging scores can be used to quantify diabetes risk and assess efficacy of weight loss pharmacotherapy in obesity.
Data presented at SLEEP 2017 found that delayed eating was linked to weight gain vs a daytime eating pattern in healthy adults.
Researchers suggest that women with overweight or obesity aim to lose weight before becoming pregnant.
Sulforaphane extract from cruciferous vegetables aids in dysglycemia regulation in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Obesity negatively affects brain function, particularly in patients with type 2 diabetes.
A linear relationship was identified between weight loss and HbA1c reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured to analyze respective associations with increased cancer risks.
Schizophrenia with high BMI is associated with elevated C-reactive protein.
A genome-wide interaction meta-analysis of BMI found that the effects of the FTO gene could be modified with regular physical activity.
After 6 months, patients who used the new "balloon-in-a-pill" for nonsurgical weight loss lost 12.6% of their body weight.
Childhood obesity is linked to long-lasting mental health repercussions, including depression in adulthood.
At 6 months of exercise intervention, physical performance test scores increased 21% in the combination exercise group, while scores in the control group remained largely the same.
Researchers at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System analyzed data for 659 outpatients who completed the iSPOT-D randomized clinical trial.
Patients with overweight or obesity with type 2 diabetes had a lower global mean cortical thickness compared with patients at a normal weight.
Referral to a 12-week open-group behavioral weight loss led to increased weight loss among adults with obesity.
Results were based on data collected from 13 studies examining HIIT vs MICT for improving body composition in obesity.
Patients on HAART may require additional metabolic monitoring for cardiovascular issues.
Postbiotic reduced hepatic insulin resistance in obesity and low-level endotoxemia.
Data from nearly 9000 participants were included in the qualitative synthesis and meta-analysis.
After adjustment for established risk factors, higher BMI during mid-life was "significantly associated" with elevated risk of hospitalization for HF.
Patients at maximum BMI in overweight, obese I and obese II categories had an increased risk of all-cause death.
Body weight fluctuations can be linked to higher mortality and cardiovascular events, regardless of traditional CV risk factors.
A cross-sectional analysis of participants found that typical BMI criteria may overlook cardiometabolic risk in racial and ethnic minority groups.
Researchers have identified the barriers to school nurse-led implementation of pediatric obesity management guidelines.
Study uses data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort to investigate possible relationships between knee osteoarthritis and components of the metabolic syndrome.
All-cause mortality and cardiovascular death outcomes may be paradoxically improved in obese patients with atrial fibrillation.
Patients who used corticosteroids had a 1.1-fold increased risk of having metabolic syndrome vs. corticosteroid non-users and the likelihood was more pronounced in women than in men.
Moderate, diet-induced weight loss can improve metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in women with HIV.
Canagliflozin/phentermine (CANA/PHEN) resulted in superior weight loss at 26 weeks in adults without type 2 diabetes.
Higher body mass indices in late adolescent men were associated with increased risk of developing severe liver disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma.
Researchers examined body mass index differences in current, past, and never users of menopausal hormone therapy.
Endocrinology Advisor Articles
- Effect of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Obesity Development
- Metformin and PCOS: Improving Menstrual Cycle and Hormone Profiles
- Denosumab May Increase BMD in Women With Primary Hyperparathyroidism
- T2D May Play a Protective Role Against Developing Aortic Diseases
- Risk Factors for Diabetes May Be Identified 20 Years Before Diagnosis
- Metformin Safe in T2D With Moderate to Severe Chronic Kidney Disease
- SGLT2 Inhibitors Show High Cardiovascular- and Renal-Protective Effects in T2D
- Type 2 Diabetes Insulin Initiation: Predictors Identified
- Two New Diabetes Medications Now Available
- Managing Acute Pain in Patients With Severe Obesity
- Risk for Congenital Malformations With Antithyroid Drugs
- Occupational Therapy May Benefit Young Adults With Diabetes
- Weight Loss May Improve Pain in Patients With Obesity
- Prior Authorizations Are Creating a Challenge for Clinicians
- Effect of Biologic DMARDs on Spinal Fracture Risk in Ankylosing Spondylitis