Obesity Archive

Text Message-Delivered Interventions Effective for Weight Management

Text Message-Delivered Interventions Effective for Weight Management

Extended-contact, text message interventions appears to be effective for adults in supporting weight management.

Exploring Risk Modification Between Obesity and Alzheimer Disease

Exploring Risk Modification Between Obesity and Alzheimer Disease

Research increasingly points to obesity and associated comorbidities as potential contributors to Alzheimer disease pathophysiology, suggesting that conditions such as prediabetes and diabetes may be modifiable risk factors.

Gastric Bypass Blunts B-Cell Sensitivity During Glycemia

Gastric Bypass Blunts B-Cell Sensitivity During Glycemia

Individuals with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have blunted β-cell sensitivity to changes in glycemia.

All-Cause Mortality Reduced for Obese Patients Following Low-Fat Diet

All-Cause Mortality Reduced for Obese Patients Following Low-Fat Diet

Weight-loss diets, such as those low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Most of Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery Maintained Over Time

Most of Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery Maintained Over Time

Different weight loss patterns are observed following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, with much of the weight loss maintained over time.

Lower Risk for Severe Morbidity, Mortality With Normal Prepregnancy BMI

Lower Risk for Severe Morbidity, Mortality With Normal Prepregnancy BMI

Underweight woman were more likely to receive lifesaving interventions for antepartum hemorrhage and acute renal failure than women with normal BMI prepregnancy.

Long-Term Risks of Adulthood Obesity Based on Childhood Diagnosis

Long-Term Risks of Adulthood Obesity Based on Childhood Diagnosis

More than half of today's children are expected to be obese at the age of 35 years, with about half of the prevalence occurring during childhood.

Abdominal Obesity May Increase All-Cause Mortality for Patients With HFpEF

Abdominal Obesity May Increase All-Cause Mortality for Patients With HFpEF

For patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, abdominal obesity is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality.

Case Study: Man With Obesity, Hypertension Presenting With Worsening Palpitations

Case Study: Man With Obesity, Hypertension Presenting With Worsening Palpitations

A man presents to the emergency department having had palpitations for the past week, and he has a medical history of hypertension, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. What's the diagnosis?

Bariatric Surgery Alters Fatty Acid Metabolism in the Liver

Bariatric Surgery Alters Fatty Acid Metabolism in the Liver

Researchers suggested that changes in perfusion may contribute to improved liver metabolism after bariatric surgery in obese patients.

Accuracy of BMI as a Measurement of Obesity in Postmenopausal Women

Accuracy of BMI as a Measurement of Obesity in Postmenopausal Women

Findings indicate that using a BMI cutpoint of 30 may lead to bias in measuring the effects of obesity on health outcomes in postmenopausal women.

High Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes Increasing Global Cancer Burden

High Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes Increasing Global Cancer Burden

Of 14,067,894 reported cancer cases, 280,100 (2%) were attributed to diabetes alone, 544,300 (3.9%) were attributed to a high BMI alone, and 792,600 (5.6%) were attributed to both.

Leptin Levels Associated With Risk for Preeclampsia in Women With T1D

Leptin Levels Associated With Risk for Preeclampsia in Women With T1D

Investigators believe that circulating adipokines may be associated with the development of preeclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes in the first trimester.

Higher Childhood BMI Associated With Adult Ischemic Stroke

Higher Childhood BMI Associated With Adult Ischemic Stroke

Higher childhood body mass index and increases in BMI during childhood are linked to an increased risk of early adult ischemic stroke.

Obesity Traits, Depression With Atypical Features Share Genetic Link

Obesity Traits, Depression With Atypical Features Share Genetic Link

Major depressive disorder with atypical features was shown to share genetic factors with obesity-related traits.

Higher Prevalence of Sarcopenic Obesity in Osteoarthritis Than Rheumatoid Arthritis

Higher Prevalence of Sarcopenic Obesity in Osteoarthritis Than Rheumatoid Arthritis

The prevalence of sarcopenia — particularly in combination with ostepenia — increases with age, and sarcopenic obesity may be underrecognized, despite its impact in patients with rheumatic diseases.

Brain Glucose Levels Blunted During Hyperglycemia in T2D and Obesity

Brain Glucose Levels Blunted During Hyperglycemia in T2D and Obesity

The rise of brain glucose levels is blunted during hyperglycemia in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Childhood Obesity Rates Have Flattened in High-Income Countries

Childhood Obesity Rates Have Flattened in High-Income Countries

There is a need for bridging the disconnect between policies that address underweight and overweight children and adolescents.

T2D in African American Women Ups ER-negative Breast Cancer Risk

T2D in African American Women Ups ER-negative Breast Cancer Risk

The high prevalence of T2D in African American women could explain previously identified racial disparities in breast cancer incidence.

Traumatic Life Events Increase Obesity Risk in Women

Traumatic Life Events Increase Obesity Risk in Women

Traumatic events included death of a child, being the victim of assault, experiencing a life-threatening illness, or spouse or child experiencing an accident.

Family-Based Therapy Feasible for Overweight, Obese Children and Their Parents

Family-Based Therapy Feasible for Overweight, Obese Children and Their Parents

Higher-dose and specialized treatment content designed to help families maintain weight-control behaviors following family-based behavioral weight loss treatment enhances weight outcomes.

Optimal Timing of Gastric Bypass and Cholecystectomy When Both Procedures Clinically Indicated

Optimal Timing of Gastric Bypass and Cholecystectomy When Both Procedures Clinically Indicated

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with simultaneous cholecystectomy had a significantly higher complication rate and took more than 1 hour longer than RYGB without cholecystectomy.

Short-Term Probiotics Increase Weight Loss in Overweight, Obesity

Short-Term Probiotics Increase Weight Loss in Overweight, Obesity

Probiotic supplementation resulted in a significant reduction in body weight, BMI, and fat percentage in people with overweight or obesity.

Bariatric Surgery: An Effective Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

Bariatric Surgery: An Effective Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

Bariatric surgery appears to induce changes in the gastrointestinal tract and its interactions with the endocrine system in ways that may influence glycemic control.

Obesity Linked to Low Sperm Quality, Semen Volume

Obesity Linked to Low Sperm Quality, Semen Volume

Obese men have lower semen volume, number, concentration, and motility, as well as a higher prevalence of oligospermia and asthenospermia.

Challenges in Obesity: Reducing the Burden Through Population Health Management

Challenges in Obesity: Reducing the Burden Through Population Health Management

The latest CDC findings show that 40% of US adults and 19% of US children are affected by obesity.

Improved Outcomes in Prediabetes, T2D With Liraglutide

Improved Outcomes in Prediabetes, T2D With Liraglutide

The efficacy of liraglutide therapy was examined in metformin-treated subjects with obesity.

Obesity-Linked Cancers Affected by Dietary Energy Density in Women

Obesity-Linked Cancers Affected by Dietary Energy Density in Women

Dietary energy density correlated with elevated BMI and waist circumference in normal-weight women.

Preventing T2D With Referral to Commercial Weight Management Program

Preventing T2D With Referral to Commercial Weight Management Program

Referral to a commercial weight management program, such as Weight Watchers, can be effective in preventing diabetes.

T2D Remission, Weigh Loss Associated With Roux-en-Y Surgery

T2D Remission, Weigh Loss Associated With Roux-en-Y Surgery

Researchers have identified lasting benefits for patients with severe obesity who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

ICU Resource Use After Cardiac Surgery Increased With Obesity

ICU Resource Use After Cardiac Surgery Increased With Obesity

Increasing obesity is associated with increased ICU resource utilization in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Long-term Mortality Rates After Gastric Bypass in Diabetic Patients

Long-term Mortality Rates After Gastric Bypass in Diabetic Patients

There is reduced mortality for patients with diabetes undergoing RYGB.

Strong Religious Beliefs May be Associated With Obesity

Strong Religious Beliefs May be Associated With Obesity

It has been shown that there is an association between religious affiliation and higher body weight.

Changes in Adiposity Related to Late Life Cognitive Performance in African Americans

Changes in Adiposity Related to Late Life Cognitive Performance in African Americans

Increasing waist circumference in midlife increases the risk of cognitive decline in late life.

Stroke Risk Upped With High Childhood BMI

Stroke Risk Upped With High Childhood BMI

Increases in BMI z-score between 7 and 13 years of age increase a person's risk of ischemic stroke in early adulthood.

Changes in Metabolic Biomarkers in Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Changes in Metabolic Biomarkers in Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea treatment can impact metabolic alterations in children with obesity and OSA.

Fatty Acid Remodeling Common in T2D Following Bariatric Surgery

Fatty Acid Remodeling Common in T2D Following Bariatric Surgery

Researchers examined how adipocyte size reduction and fatty acid metabolism contribute to remission in type 2 diabetes following bariatric surgery.

Population at Risk: CVD Events Increased in Metabolically Healthy Obese

Population at Risk: CVD Events Increased in Metabolically Healthy Obese

Researchers created body size phenotypes, defined by BMI category, to assess CVD incidence in a metabolically healthy obese population.

BMD and Physical Activity: Examining the Relationship in Class III Obesity

BMD and Physical Activity: Examining the Relationship in Class III Obesity

Both intensity of physical activity and time spent active can explain variability in femoral neck BMD in people with class III obesity.

Stress, Sleep Disruption Impacts Nutrition, Mental Health

Stress, Sleep Disruption Impacts Nutrition, Mental Health

Stress is associated with impaired sleep and possible obesity.

Bariatric Surgery at Lower BMI Tends to Have Better Outcomes

Bariatric Surgery at Lower BMI Tends to Have Better Outcomes

According to recent research published in JAMA Surgery, bariatric surgery at body mass index less than 40 kg/m² tends to achieve better results.

Teenage Obesity Ups Colorectal Cancer Risk

Teenage Obesity Ups Colorectal Cancer Risk

Over an average 23-year follow-up, nearly 3000 participants developed colorectal cancer.

Ethical Considerations in Publicly Funded Fertility Treatment

Ethical Considerations in Publicly Funded Fertility Treatment

High costs associated with in vitro fertilization create barriers to fertility treatments that many cannot overcome.

Metabolic Impact of High Fructose Corn Syrup Restriction in Obese Children

Metabolic Impact of High Fructose Corn Syrup Restriction in Obese Children

Restricting consumption of high fructose corn syrup did not appear to improve insulin resistance in obese children.

Genetic Relationship Between Asthma, Hay Fever, BMI Examined

Genetic Relationship Between Asthma, Hay Fever, BMI Examined

Researchers created a genetic risk score to determine the causal effect of BMI on asthma, hay fever, and allergic sensitization.

"Overfat" More Prevalent Than Overweight, Obesity Worldwide

"Overfat" More Prevalent Than Overweight, Obesity Worldwide

Individuals who are considered "overfat" have excess fat, regardless of weight or BMI measurements.

"Less Healthy" Plant Food Diet Associated With CHD Risk

"Less Healthy" Plant Food Diet Associated With CHD Risk

Researchers created 3 plant-based diet indices based on the healthiness of specific foods.

USPSTF: Lifestyle Counseling Can Protect CV Health in Low-Risk Adults

USPSTF: Lifestyle Counseling Can Protect CV Health in Low-Risk Adults

A newly released recommendation statement suggests that physicians should provide lifestyle counseling to both low- and high-risk adults to prevent CVD.

Improved Aspirin Responsiveness in Obesity With Bariatric Surgery

Improved Aspirin Responsiveness in Obesity With Bariatric Surgery

Further investigation is needed to examine the mechanism behind aspirin responsiveness following bariatric surgery.

Sizeism, Fat Shaming in Medical Settings Leads to Poor Physical Outcomes

Sizeism, Fat Shaming in Medical Settings Leads to Poor Physical Outcomes

Patients stigmatized based on size experience poor psychological and physical health.

Is Weight Loss Necessary Before Total Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery?

Is Weight Loss Necessary Before Total Knee or Hip Replacement Surgery?

Patients with obesity experience similar recovery time to normal-weight patients.

Overweight, Obesity Increases Costs in Health Care Settings

Overweight, Obesity Increases Costs in Health Care Settings

Median increases in health care costs were 12% and 36% for people with overweight and obesity.

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Elevated Adolescent BMI Increases Stroke Risk in Adulthood

Over 37,000 men were tracked from ages 8 to 20 to examine the link between adolescent BMI and stroke risk.

Maternal Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, Free Thyroxine Associated With BMI

Maternal Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, Free Thyroxine Associated With BMI

Maternal thyroid function and weight gain in early pregnancy were associated with hypothyroidism, but not hyperthyroidism.

Metabolic Profile, Weight Increases Assessed in Ziprasidone Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder

Metabolic Profile, Weight Increases Assessed in Ziprasidone Augmentation for Major Depressive Disorder

Escitalopram plus ziprasidone was found safe in certain patients, although the therapy required regular cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring.

Surgical Wound Complications With Staples, Sutures in Women With Obesity

Surgical Wound Complications With Staples, Sutures in Women With Obesity

Surgical wound complications were similar regardless of wound closure technique.

Relationship Between Psoriasis and Cardiometabolic Comorbidities Examined

Relationship Between Psoriasis and Cardiometabolic Comorbidities Examined

Comorbidities included hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, among others.

BMI, Age Impact Inpatient Anorexia Nervosa Outcomes

BMI, Age Impact Inpatient Anorexia Nervosa Outcomes

BMI and age at hospital admission are both predictive of potential negative outcomes in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness Risk Up With Obesity

Influenza, Influenza-Like Illness Risk Up With Obesity

Adults with obesity are twice as likely to develop influenza, regardless of vaccine status.

Sleep Disordered Breathing Impacted by Hypothyroidism, Obesity

Sleep Disordered Breathing Impacted by Hypothyroidism, Obesity

Adult patients with obesity and hypothyroidism have lower-than-average sleep oxygen saturation.

Opioid Use High 7 Years Following Bariatric Surgery

Opioid Use High 7 Years Following Bariatric Surgery

Researchers followed 2218 patients from across the US who underwent bariatric surgery and were prescribed an opioid.

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Decreased BMI z Score in Prepubertal Children With Obesity

Metformin decreases BMI z score and improves inflammatory parameters in prepubertal children with obesity.

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

USPSTF Updates Recommendations for Screening Obesity in Children and Adolescents

Updates to the US Preventive Services Task Force's recommendations on obesity screening in children and adolescents focus on intensive behavioral interventions.

Interspersed Upper Body Activity With Sedentary Time Improves Glucose, Insulin

Interspersed Upper Body Activity With Sedentary Time Improves Glucose, Insulin

Short periods of arm ergometry while sitting for prolonged periods of time improve glucose and insulin in subjects with obesity.

Examining the Relationship Between Weight Loss and Knee Degeneration

Examining the Relationship Between Weight Loss and Knee Degeneration

Participants who lost between 5% and 10% or more than 10% of their body weight slowed knee joint degeneration, compared to those who maintained their current weight.

Gestational Weight Gain Linked to Adverse Outcomes

Gestational Weight Gain Linked to Adverse Outcomes

Gestational weight gain above current recommendations was a risk of infants with macrosomia or needing a cesarian delivery.

Worldwide Obesity Prevalence: BMI On The Rise in 70 Countries

Worldwide Obesity Prevalence: BMI On The Rise in 70 Countries

In 2015, more than 107 and 603 million children and adults, respectively, were obese.

Grand Rounds Discussion: What Is The Role of Weight Loss Surgery in Obesity?

Grand Rounds Discussion: What Is The Role of Weight Loss Surgery in Obesity?

Despite existing guidelines, many eligible patients are not offered weight loss surgery as an option.

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Useful in Quantifying T2D Risk in Overweight, Obesity

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging Score Useful in Quantifying T2D Risk in Overweight, Obesity

Cardiometabolic Disease Staging scores can be used to quantify diabetes risk and assess efficacy of weight loss pharmacotherapy in obesity.

Prolonged Delayed Eating Linked to Weight Gain, Increased Respiratory Quotient

Prolonged Delayed Eating Linked to Weight Gain, Increased Respiratory Quotient

Data presented at SLEEP 2017 found that delayed eating was linked to weight gain vs a daytime eating pattern in healthy adults.

Maternal Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increase in Fetal Birth Defects

Maternal Overweight, Obesity Linked to Increase in Fetal Birth Defects

Researchers suggest that women with overweight or obesity aim to lose weight before becoming pregnant.

Cruciferous Vegetables May Regulate Dysglycemia In Obesity With T2D

Cruciferous Vegetables May Regulate Dysglycemia In Obesity With T2D

Sulforaphane extract from cruciferous vegetables aids in dysglycemia regulation in patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Have Negative Effects on Brain Function

Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes Have Negative Effects on Brain Function

Obesity negatively affects brain function, particularly in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Linear Relationship Between HbA1c Reduction And Weight Loss in T2D

Linear Relationship Between HbA1c Reduction And Weight Loss in T2D

A linear relationship was identified between weight loss and HbA1c reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Obesity-Related Cancer Risk Linked to Body Fat Location

Obesity-Related Cancer Risk Linked to Body Fat Location

Body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured to analyze respective associations with increased cancer risks.

Elevated C-reactive Protein With High BMI in Schizophrenia

Elevated C-reactive Protein With High BMI in Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia with high BMI is associated with elevated C-reactive protein.

Gene-Based Research Identifies Novel Adiposity Variants

Gene-Based Research Identifies Novel Adiposity Variants

A genome-wide interaction meta-analysis of BMI found that the effects of the FTO gene could be modified with regular physical activity.

Novel "Balloon-In-A-Pill" Explored For Nonsurgical Weight Loss

Novel "Balloon-In-A-Pill" Explored For Nonsurgical Weight Loss

After 6 months, patients who used the new "balloon-in-a-pill" for nonsurgical weight loss lost 12.6% of their body weight.

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Increased Lifetime Risk of Depression In Children With Obesity

Childhood obesity is linked to long-lasting mental health repercussions, including depression in adulthood.

Does Aerobic-Resistance Exercise Benefit Seniors With Obesity?

Does Aerobic-Resistance Exercise Benefit Seniors With Obesity?

At 6 months of exercise intervention, physical performance test scores increased 21% in the combination exercise group, while scores in the control group remained largely the same.

Acute Remission With Antidepressant Medication Based on Obesity, Sex

Acute Remission With Antidepressant Medication Based on Obesity, Sex

Researchers at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System analyzed data for 659 outpatients who completed the iSPOT-D randomized clinical trial.

Brain Function Abnormalities With Overweight/Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Brain Function Abnormalities With Overweight/Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes

Patients with overweight or obesity with type 2 diabetes had a lower global mean cortical thickness compared with patients at a normal weight.

Behavioral Programs Increase Weight Loss in Adults With Obesity

Behavioral Programs Increase Weight Loss in Adults With Obesity

Referral to a 12-week open-group behavioral weight loss led to increased weight loss among adults with obesity.

HIIT Exercise Programs Show Similar Efficacy As Moderate Intensity Programs

HIIT Exercise Programs Show Similar Efficacy As Moderate Intensity Programs

Results were based on data collected from 13 studies examining HIIT vs MICT for improving body composition in obesity.

Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on BMI in HIV

Effect of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on BMI in HIV

Patients on HAART may require additional metabolic monitoring for cardiovascular issues.

Postbiotic Reduces Glucose Intolerance and Adipose Inflammation

Postbiotic Reduces Glucose Intolerance and Adipose Inflammation

Postbiotic reduced hepatic insulin resistance in obesity and low-level endotoxemia.

Are Exercise Interventions Effective in Rural and Urban Communities?

Are Exercise Interventions Effective in Rural and Urban Communities?

Data from nearly 9000 participants were included in the qualitative synthesis and meta-analysis.

Heart Failure Risk Association with BMI and Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Heart Failure Risk Association with BMI and Cardiorespiratory Fitness

After adjustment for established risk factors, higher BMI during mid-life was "significantly associated" with elevated risk of hospitalization for HF.

All-Cause, Cause-Specific Mortality Increased With Elevated BMI

All-Cause, Cause-Specific Mortality Increased With Elevated BMI

Patients at maximum BMI in overweight, obese I and obese II categories had an increased risk of all-cause death.

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body weight fluctuations can be linked to higher mortality and cardiovascular events, regardless of traditional CV risk factors.

BMI May Underestimate Metabolic Abnormality Risk Assessment in Minorities

BMI May Underestimate Metabolic Abnormality Risk Assessment in Minorities

A cross-sectional analysis of participants found that typical BMI criteria may overlook cardiometabolic risk in racial and ethnic minority groups.

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Obesity Management Guidelines Overwhelm School Nurses

Researchers have identified the barriers to school nurse-led implementation of pediatric obesity management guidelines.

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

Metabolic Syndrome Not Associated With Incident Knee Osteoarthritis

Study uses data from the Framingham Offspring Cohort to investigate possible relationships between knee osteoarthritis and components of the metabolic syndrome.

Obesity Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

Obesity Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

All-cause mortality and cardiovascular death outcomes may be paradoxically improved in obese patients with atrial fibrillation.

Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women on Inhaled Corticosteroids

Increased Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Women on Inhaled Corticosteroids

Patients who used corticosteroids had a 1.1-fold increased risk of having metabolic syndrome vs. corticosteroid non-users and the likelihood was more pronounced in women than in men.

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Moderate, diet-induced weight loss can improve metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in women with HIV.

Canagliflozin/Phentermine Results in Superior Weight Loss in Obesity Without Diabetes

Canagliflozin/Phentermine Results in Superior Weight Loss in Obesity Without Diabetes

Canagliflozin/phentermine (CANA/PHEN) resulted in superior weight loss at 26 weeks in adults without type 2 diabetes.

Increased Risk of Severe Liver Disease in Adolescent Men With High BMI

Increased Risk of Severe Liver Disease in Adolescent Men With High BMI

Higher body mass indices in late adolescent men were associated with increased risk of developing severe liver disease, including hepatocellular carcinoma.

Intravisceral Abdominal Fat Mass Reduction With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Intravisceral Abdominal Fat Mass Reduction With Menopausal Hormone Therapy

Researchers examined body mass index differences in current, past, and never users of menopausal hormone therapy.

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