Nutrition

Natural Therapies: Avocado Consumption for Metabolic Syndrome

Natural Therapies: Avocado Consumption for Metabolic Syndrome

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Investigators conducted a meta-analysis of 129 studies focused on avocado consumption to determine the benefit in metabolic syndrome and hypertension.

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Benfits of Weight Loss in Women With HIV

Moderate, diet-induced weight loss can improve metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in women with HIV.

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global burden of heart disease linked to low fruit and vegetable intake was highest in Bangladesh and Mongolia, respectively.

Does Diet Impact Cardiometabolic Death Rates?

Does Diet Impact Cardiometabolic Death Rates?

Low intake of nuts and seeds, omega-3 fats, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains all impact a person's cardiometabolic health.

Do Gluten-Free Diets Elevate Type 2 Diabetes Risk?

Do Gluten-Free Diets Elevate Type 2 Diabetes Risk?

Study participants who ate the least amount of gluten (less than 4 grams per day) were the most likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

As Obesity Rises, Number of Dieters Decreases

As Obesity Rises, Number of Dieters Decreases

Although obesity rates have increased during the last 2 decades, the number of Americans actively dieting has gone down.

Dietary Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Dietary Sodium-to-Potassium Ratio Linked to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Researchers found that high levels of dietary potassium are associated with reduced blood pressure.

Tax on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Leads to Less Consumption

Tax on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Leads to Less Consumption

The largest decrease in purchases was noted among households at the lowest socioeconomic level.

Fitbit Pitfalls: Electronic Tracking Devices May Not Provide Increased Weight Loss Benefits

Fitbit Pitfalls: Electronic Tracking Devices May Not Provide Increased Weight Loss Benefits

Calorie tracker apps are often superior to fitness apps when it comes to increasing weight loss.

Metabolic Response in Animal vs Plant Protein-Based Diets

Metabolic Response in Animal vs Plant Protein-Based Diets

While the metabolic responses to each diet were different, both diets improved patient's cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Does Weight Suppression Predict of Severity of Bulimic Syndromes?

Does Weight Suppression Predict of Severity of Bulimic Syndromes?

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Study results were mixed, researchers found, and caution that causality cannot be implied due to the nature of the study.

Artificial Sweetener Use Skyrocketed Among US Children

Artificial Sweetener Use Skyrocketed Among US Children

Consumption of foods and beverages with low-calorie sweeteners such as aspartame, sucralose, and saccharin rose 200% among children between 1999 and 2012.

Three Low-Carb Meals Daily May Reduce Insulin Resistance

Three Low-Carb Meals Daily May Reduce Insulin Resistance

Eating low-carbohydrate meals may lead to healthy changes in a woman's metabolism that do not occur when consuming higher-carbohydrate meals.

The Handoff: Your Week in Endocrinology - 12/2/16

In this week's Handoff, read about the FDA's approval of a new indication for a type 2 diabetes drug, and more.

The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model: Is It Too Simple?

The Carbohydrate-Insulin Model: Is It Too Simple?

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Losing weight is more complex than following a simple diet.

Is High Sodium Consumption Genetic?

Is High Sodium Consumption Genetic?

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Individuals with 1 or 2 dominant G alleles of rs713598 in the TAS2R38 gene were 1.9 times more likely to consume sodium >2.3 g/d.

Yo-Yo Dieting Hikes Risk for Sudden Cardiac Death, CHD Mortality in Women

Yo-Yo Dieting Hikes Risk for Sudden Cardiac Death, CHD Mortality in Women

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Postmenopausal women whose weight fluctuated due to dieting had a significantly higher risk for death from sudden cardiac death and coronary heart disease.

Less Sleep May Increase Sugary Drink Consumption

Less Sleep May Increase Sugary Drink Consumption

Improving sleep may help reduce an individual's sugar-sweetened, caffeinated beverage intake, and vice-versa.

Multifaceted Campaign Tied to Drop in Sugary Drink Sales

Multifaceted Campaign Tied to Drop in Sugary Drink Sales

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A multifaceted campaign that included policy change and community outreach led to a decrease in sales of sugary drinks.

The Handoff: Your Week in Endocrinology - 11/11/16

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The Handoff is a weekly roundup of endocrinology news covering various developments in subspecialties, as well as pharmaceutical industry, association, and society news.

Low-Carb Diet Decreased Effect of Glucagon in Hypoglycemia

Low-Carb Diet Decreased Effect of Glucagon in Hypoglycemia

Low-carbohydrate diet results in lower incremental rises in plasma glucose after mild hypoglycemia.

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

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Several factors influence the impact of cholecalciferol supplementation in pregnant women.

Ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 Fatty Acids Plays Role in Obesity

Ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 Fatty Acids Plays Role in Obesity

An imbalance, which is typically 16:1 in a Western diet, leads to increased risk of weight gain and inflammation.

Vegetarian Diet May Not Lower Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Vegetarian Diet May Not Lower Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Study finds no significant difference in 10-year cardiovascular risk.

Role of Sodium Intake in Preventing Hypertension

Role of Sodium Intake in Preventing Hypertension

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A recent investigation found that very low sodium intake may actually increase the risk for CVD and mortality.

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Data indicate a shift away from taking a multivitamin.

Insulin Sensitivity in Older Obese Women No Better With High-Protein Diet

Insulin Sensitivity in Older Obese Women No Better With High-Protein Diet

Postmenopausal obese women who lose weight eating a high-protein diet may not experience any improvements in insulin sensitivity.

Benefits, Drawbacks of Calorie Restriction in Postmenopausal Women

Benefits, Drawbacks of Calorie Restriction in Postmenopausal Women

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Calorie restriction has been shown to increase longevity, but it may also have adverse effects on bone health in postmenopausal women.

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

However, stress does not seem to make the body's response to 'bad' fats even worse.

How Does Diet Quality Affect Type 2 Diabetes Risk?

How Does Diet Quality Affect Type 2 Diabetes Risk?

Changes in body weight only partially explain the risk for type 2 diabetes.

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