Neuroendocrinology

Migraine Management in Female Reproduction

Migraine Management in Female Reproduction

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The relationship between hormones and migraine is most frequently pronounced during the female reproductive years.

Early-Day Psychotherapy Enhanced by Higher Cortisol Levels

Early-Day Psychotherapy Enhanced by Higher Cortisol Levels

For patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia, cortisol mediates the effect of the time of day on subsequent outcome.

Aldosterone Reduced With Losartan in Hypertension Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Aldosterone Reduced With Losartan in Hypertension Without Obstructive Sleep Apnea

For patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea, treatment with losartan does not lead to significant reductions in aldosterone, but the treatment is tied to aldosterone reductions in patients with hypertension but without obstructive sleep apnea.

Researchers Find Sex-Specific Role for Glucokinase in Autonomic Nervous Activity

Researchers Find Sex-Specific Role for Glucokinase in Autonomic Nervous Activity

An experimental study found a sex-specific role in glucose-dependent control of autonomic nervous activity.

Type 2 Diabetes May Affect Brain Gray Matter Volume in Youths

Type 2 Diabetes May Affect Brain Gray Matter Volume in Youths

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Younger patients with type 2 diabetes had significant differences in brain gray matter volume compared with healthy controls.

Striatal D2 Receptors, Age Associated With Sucrose Preference

Striatal D2 Receptors, Age Associated With Sucrose Preference

For participants without obesity, striatal D2 receptor (D2R) binding potential and age are associated with sucrose preference.

Gastric Bypass Reduces Symptoms, Hormonal Responses to Hypoglycemia

Gastric Bypass Reduces Symptoms, Hormonal Responses to Hypoglycemia

Gastric bypass surgery is associated with reduced symptoms and neurohormonal responses to hypoglycemia, according to a study published in Diabetes.

Late Luteal Phase Estrogen Levels Dropped More Rapidly in Women With Migraine

Late Luteal Phase Estrogen Levels Dropped More Rapidly in Women With Migraine

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The findings suggest a neuroendocrine vulnerability in women with migraine.

New Instrument Measuring Treatment Satisfaction May Benefit Patients With Acromegaly

New Instrument Measuring Treatment Satisfaction May Benefit Patients With Acromegaly

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A new instrument may provide physicians insight into satisfaction with acromegaly treatment.

Hormone Insufficiencies May Be Prevalent After Blast Concussion in Veterans

Hormone Insufficiencies May Be Prevalent After Blast Concussion in Veterans

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Chronic hypopituitarism was noted in 44% of US veterans with mild traumatic brain injury.

Plasticizers in Medical Tubes Linked to Attention Deficit In Children

Plasticizers in Medical Tubes Linked to Attention Deficit In Children

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Phthalate exposure effect explained half of the attention deficit in children treated in the ICU.

Acromegaly Diagnosis Delayed in Elderly Woman

Acromegaly Diagnosis Delayed in Elderly Woman

The presence of a pituitary tumor on magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnostic hypothesis.

Pioglitazone May Mitigate Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Insulin Resistance

Pioglitazone May Mitigate Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance may underlie some cases, researchers said.

Two Genes May Alter Brain Responses to High-Calorie Foods

Two Genes May Alter Brain Responses to High-Calorie Foods

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Two genetic variants are associated with heightened brain reward responses to foods high in fat and sugar.

Hypothalamic Gliosis May Be Associated With Insulin Resistance, Obesity

Hypothalamic Gliosis May Be Associated With Insulin Resistance, Obesity

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New data link hypothalamic gliosis with higher BMI and increased insulin resistance.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation May Help Curb Overeating

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation May Help Curb Overeating

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Noninvasive brain stimulation may help decrease caloric intake and promote weight loss.

Hypothalamic Axis Affects Glucose Homeostasis

Hypothalamic Axis Affects Glucose Homeostasis

Hypothalamic-sympathetic nervous system-renal axis has been identified that regulates tubular glucose reabsorption.

Improving Glycemic Control May Prevent Dementia

Improving Glycemic Control May Prevent Dementia

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In type 2 diabetes, improving glycemic control may decrease dementia risk.

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Mean 25(OH)D levels significantly lower for African-American and Hispanic participants.

Morning, Evening Cortisol Levels Linked to Brain Volume, Cognition in Older People

Morning, Evening Cortisol Levels Linked to Brain Volume, Cognition in Older People

Higher evening salivary cortisol levels tied to lower brain volume, worse cognitive function in older people.

Insulin Resistance May Signal Cognitive Decline in Women

Insulin Resistance May Signal Cognitive Decline in Women

Specifically, higher HOMA-IR score associated with poorer verbal fluency in women, but not in men.

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

Consumption of foods with high glycemic index tied to increased risk in postmenopausal women.

Hippocampal Insulin Resistance May Play Role in Cognitive Deficits

Hippocampal Insulin Resistance May Play Role in Cognitive Deficits

Rat model with hippocampal-specific insulin resistance downregulates insulin receptor expression.

Cortisol May Strengthen Frightening Memories

Cortisol May Strengthen Frightening Memories

The stress hormone may play a role in PTSD and anxiety.

Diabetes Complications Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

Diabetes Complications Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

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Patients with more complications of diabetes developed dementia than those with less severe disease progression.

Cognition, Cerebral Vasoreactivity Declined in Type 2 Diabetes

Cognition, Cerebral Vasoreactivity Declined in Type 2 Diabetes

Neuropsychological performance declined noticeably in just 2 years.

Higher Vitamin D Levels Have Negative Effect on ALS Prognosis

Higher Vitamin D Levels Have Negative Effect on ALS Prognosis

Mechanisms underlying the relationship between vitamin D and ALS are still unknown.

Hormone Has Role in Brain's Response to Sugar, Artificial Sweeteners

Hormone Has Role in Brain's Response to Sugar, Artificial Sweeteners

In experimental model, disruption of Dh44 linked to failure to select nutritive sugars.

Drinking Alcohol Before Meals May Lead to Overeating

Drinking Alcohol Before Meals May Lead to Overeating

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Consuming alcohol before meals increased how much women ate by stimulating certain regions in the brain.

Diets High in Sugar, Fat Linked to Decreased Cognitive Flexibility

Diets High in Sugar, Fat Linked to Decreased Cognitive Flexibility

Mice who ate diets high in sugar and fat showed reduced cognitive functioning compared with those on normal diets.

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