General Endocrinology

Asthma Risk Increased for Premenopausal Women Using Oral Contraceptives

Asthma Risk Increased for Premenopausal Women Using Oral Contraceptives

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Oral contraceptive use in women of reproductive age may increase the risk for lifetime asthma.

Certain Foods May Impact Timing of Menopause

Certain Foods May Impact Timing of Menopause

Researchers studied women aged 40 to 65 years participating in the UK Women's Cohort Study, who had experienced natural menopause and responded to a food frequency questionnaire.

Hormonal Antiandrogen Therapy for Acne May Help Reduce Antibiotic Use

Hormonal Antiandrogen Therapy for Acne May Help Reduce Antibiotic Use

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Recognizing the increased need for antibiotic stewardship, the researchers consider HAAT to be a useful alternative to systemic antibiotic therapy that is effective and well tolerated among women with inflammatory acne.

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

One-hour plasma glucose is a useful predictor of retinopathy risk, has a predictive value similar to that of 2-hour plasma glucose, and may be considered as an alternative glucose time point during an oral glucose tolerance test.

Hormonal Contraceptives May Adversely Affect Psychological Health in Adolescent Girls

Hormonal Contraceptives May Adversely Affect Psychological Health in Adolescent Girls

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This finding suggests an adverse effect of hormonal contraception on psychological health in adolescent girls.

Reproductive Goals Vary After Spontaneous Abortion

Reproductive Goals Vary After Spontaneous Abortion

Health care providers should offer family planning counseling to all women after spontaneous abortion, remaining responsive to individual patient needs.

DPP-4 Inhibitors Not Tied to Increased Risk for Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

DPP-4 Inhibitors Not Tied to Increased Risk for Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

Study provides evidence that DPP-4 inhibitors are not associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis in older adults overall. The positive association observed in patients with CVD could be due to chance or bias but merits further investigation.

FDA Puts New Restrictions on Permanent Birth Control Implant Essure

FDA Puts New Restrictions on Permanent Birth Control Implant Essure

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The new Essure labeling restricts the sale and distribution of the device to only health care providers and facilities that provide information to patients about the risks and benefits of this device.

Eylea Meets Endpoint in Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Trial

Eylea Meets Endpoint in Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Trial

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Results so far (at week 24) show more than half of patients who received Eylea experienced a 2-step or greater improvement from baseline on the DRSS vs. patients who received a sham injection (58% vs 6%; P<0.0001).

Common Plant-Derived Oils May Contain Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals

Common Plant-Derived Oils May Contain Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals

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To investigate the potential association between male gynecomastia and essential oils, study authors from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences analyzed 8 common components included in lavender and tea tree oils.

Red Meat Consumption Linked to Insulin Resistance and Steatohepatitis

Red Meat Consumption Linked to Insulin Resistance and Steatohepatitis

Researchers used a food frequency questionnaire and a detailed meat questionnaire to measure meat type and cooking method.

Oral Micronized Progesterone May Decrease Perimenopausal Vasomotor Symptoms

Oral Micronized Progesterone May Decrease Perimenopausal Vasomotor Symptoms

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Oral micronized progesterone may diminish hot flushes and night sweats in perimenopausal women, according to research presented at ENDO 2018.

Lipid Metabolism Imbalance and Pathophysiology of Bipolar Disease

Lipid Metabolism Imbalance and Pathophysiology of Bipolar Disease

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Abnormal ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids were associated with the presence of bipolar disorder and the severity and duration of major depressive disorder.

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Higher concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances are associated with greater weight regain in a diet-induced weight-loss setting.

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Recovery Lower With Metabolic Syndrome

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Recovery Lower With Metabolic Syndrome

Patients with metabolic syndrome have a lower rate of recovery from sudden sensorineural hearing loss than those without.

Little Effect on Metabolic Risk Factors With Addition of SSRIs to Antipsychotics

Little Effect on Metabolic Risk Factors With Addition of SSRIs to Antipsychotics

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A combination of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and antipsychotics does not lead to further deterioration of metabolic variables; however, metabolic monitoring should be performed.

Metabolic Syndrome and Gout: What's the Link?

Metabolic Syndrome and Gout: What's the Link?

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Michael Pillinger, MD, professor of medicine at New York University School of Medicine, spoke with Rheumatology Advisor about his team's recent review of gout and metabolic syndrome.

New Recommendations for High Blood Pressure Management, Prevention

New Recommendations for High Blood Pressure Management, Prevention

New recommendations have been developed for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure.

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

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Researchers used the Family Planning Estimation Tool to evaluate the performance of 68 of the 69 countries involved in the Family Planning 2020 initiative.

Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain in Diabetic Polyneuropathy

Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain in Diabetic Polyneuropathy

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As many as one-quarter of individuals with diabetes will experience painful neuropathic symptoms for which treatment is limited.

Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Higher in Low-Income Populations

Exposure to Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Higher in Low-Income Populations

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Exposure to diabetogenic environmental endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is higher among Latinos, African Americans, and low-income populations.

FDA: Vitamin B7 May Interfere With Lab Tests for Hormone Levels

FDA: Vitamin B7 May Interfere With Lab Tests for Hormone Levels

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One patient taking high levels of biotin has died following falsely low troponin test results when a troponin test known to have biotin interference was used.

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Depressive Symptoms, Cardiac Events

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Depressive Symptoms, Cardiac Events

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Vitamin D supplement use is linked to reduced depressive symptoms and cardiac events for patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms.

ACOG Guidelines Urge Screening for Female Athlete Triad

ACOG Guidelines Urge Screening for Female Athlete Triad

The female athlete triad includes low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone density.

How Does Long-Term Schizophrenia Therapy Affect Metabolic Profiles?

How Does Long-Term Schizophrenia Therapy Affect Metabolic Profiles?

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Modest changes were recorded in patients' weight, fasting glucose, and glycated hemoglobin levels with long-term schizophrenia therapy.

Can Vitamin D Deficiency Lead To Chronic Tension-Type Headaches?

Can Vitamin D Deficiency Lead To Chronic Tension-Type Headaches?

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Serum 25(OH) D levels were associated with chronic tension-type headaches, musculoskeletal pain, and muscle weakness.

Using Video as a Medical Educational Resource

Using Video as a Medical Educational Resource

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An endocrinologist shares his experience of using concept videos to teach medical students.

Timing of Cognitive Decline Linked to Insulin Resistance

Timing of Cognitive Decline Linked to Insulin Resistance

Researchers examined the link between insulin resistance, fasting insulin and glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and decreased cognitive performance.

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Researchers identified a 15-fold increase in diagnoses of vitamin D deficiency in children between 2008 and 2014.

Uncertainty in Medicine: An Endocrinologist's Perspective

Uncertainty in Medicine: An Endocrinologist's Perspective

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The role of uncertainty in clinical practice, and its implications for physicians, is thoughtfully examined by an endocrinologist in this opinion piece.

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