Polyamine Levels Tied to Circadian Clock

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Declining levels are linked to a longer circadian period.
Declining levels are linked to a longer circadian period.

(HealthDay News) — A group of metabolites whose levels decline as people age appear to have an effect on the circadian clock, according to a study published in Cell Metabolism.

Ziv Zwighaft, from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, and colleagues used mouse models and cell cultures to assess polyamines. Circadian locomotor activity was assessed by monitoring wheel running activity. RNA transcription was assessed with real-time polymerase chain reaction.

The researchers found that polyamine levels oscillate daily. The daily accumulation of key enzymes in polyamine biosynthesis is regulated by both clock- and feeding-dependent mechanisms, such as the rhythmic binding of BMAL1:CLOCK to conserved DNA elements. In cultured cells and animals, polyamines control the circadian period by regulating the interaction between the core clock repressors PER2 and CRY1. The longer circadian period associated with the decline in polyamine levels with age in mice can be reversed with polyamine supplementation.

"Our findings suggest a crosstalk between circadian clocks and polyamine biosynthesis and open new possibilities for nutritional interventions against the decay in clock's function with age," the researchers concluded.

Reference

  1. Zwighaft Z, Aviram R, Shalev M, et al. Circadian Clock Control by Polyamine Levels through a Mechanism that Declines with Age. Cell Metab. 2015;doi:doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2015.09.011.
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