General Endocrinology Archive

Further Examination of Link Between Vitamin D, Alzheimer's Disease Risk

Further Examination of Link Between Vitamin D, Alzheimer's Disease Risk

The present findings, in combination with those from prior observational research, provide a solid rationale for further randomized trials.

Acute Respiratory Infections Decreased With High-Dose Vitamin D

Acute Respiratory Infections Decreased With High-Dose Vitamin D

For long-term care facility residents, high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation is associated with reduced incidence of acute respiratory infection but increased incidence of falls.

Researchers Identify Association Between Low Maternal B12 and Higher Leptin

Researchers Identify Association Between Low Maternal B12 and Higher Leptin

Low maternal B12 is associated with higher leptin in cord blood, maternal adipose tissue, and placental tissue.

Community Pharmacists May Help Provide Preventive Care

Community Pharmacists May Help Provide Preventive Care

Community pharmacists are well suited to provide clinical preventive services, including education, screenings, and making referrals.

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

Several factors influence the impact of cholecalciferol supplementation in pregnant women.

Absenteeism Costs Related to Chronic Disease, Risk Factors

Absenteeism Costs Related to Chronic Disease, Risk Factors

Considerable costs are associated with absenteeism related to chronic diseases and health risk factors.

Use of Molecular Autopsy to Identify Cause of Unexpected Deaths

Use of Molecular Autopsy to Identify Cause of Unexpected Deaths

Molecular autopsy is able to uncover a likely or plausible cause of death in 40% of cases of unexpected death in young people.

Report Addresses Global Burden of Disease

Report Addresses Global Burden of Disease

The United States lags behind other advanced nations when it comes to infant mortality and the life expectancy of its citizens.

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Data indicate a shift away from taking a multivitamin.

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Associated With Reduced Vitamin D Levels

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Associated With Reduced Vitamin D Levels

Phthalates and bisphenol A metabolites were inversely associated with circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in adults exposed to these chemicals.

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

However, stress does not seem to make the body's response to 'bad' fats even worse.

Glycemic Index Unreliable Indicator of Blood Glucose Response

Glycemic Index Unreliable Indicator of Blood Glucose Response

Glycemic index values of the same foods can vary widely and may be an unreliable indicator of blood glucose response.

More People Following Gluten-Free Diet

More People Following Gluten-Free Diet

The number of Americans following a gluten-free diet tripled between 2009 and 2014, but diagnoses of celiac disease remained stable during that same period.

Vitamin D May Be Beneficial in Asthma

Vitamin D May Be Beneficial in Asthma

For patients with asthma, vitamin D appears to reduce the risk of severe asthma exacerbations and health care use, according to a recently published review.

Smartphone Apps Help Patients Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

Smartphone Apps Help Patients Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

Various smartphone apps can help patients adopt a healthy lifestyle that might reduce risk of cardiovascular events.

Active Life Expectancy Varies According to Age, Race/Ethnicity

Active Life Expectancy Varies According to Age, Race/Ethnicity

Black people, especially black women, have lower percentage of remaining life spent active.

What Is the Link Between PTSD and Food Addiction?

What Is the Link Between PTSD and Food Addiction?

In veterans, expression suppression was significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms and mediated the connection between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and food addiction.

Biological Changes Evident in Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity

Biological Changes Evident in Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity

There are clear biological changes in patients presenting with non-celiac wheat sensitivity, according to research published in Gut.

Exercising 1 Hour Per Day May Combat Health Risks of Prolonged Sitting

Exercising 1 Hour Per Day May Combat Health Risks of Prolonged Sitting

Just 1 hour of physical activity a day may undo the increased mortality risk that comes with sitting 8 hours or more on a daily basis.

'Walking Meetings' May Improve Employee Activity Levels

'Walking Meetings' May Improve Employee Activity Levels

Walking meetings can increase on-the-job activity levels for white-collar workers.

Genetic Risk Score Correlates With BMI in Various Birth Cohorts

Genetic Risk Score Correlates With BMI in Various Birth Cohorts

The association between a multilocus genetic risk score for BMI and BMI is larger for individuals born in later birth cohorts.

Prediagnostic Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

Prediagnostic Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

Prediagnostic 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are associated with survival in pancreatic cancer, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Diets That Include Healthy Fats May Not Cause Weight Gain

Diets That Include Healthy Fats May Not Cause Weight Gain

Diets with olive oil and nuts led to lower increase in waist circumference than patients on a low-fat diet.

Reducing Glycemic Index May Decrease Uric Acid Levels

Reducing Glycemic Index May Decrease Uric Acid Levels

A low glycemic index was associated with decreased uric acid levels, regardless of the percentage of carbohydrates in diet.

Nutrition Facts Label to Undergo Redesign by FDA

Nutrition Facts Label to Undergo Redesign by FDA

Added sugars and relevant portion sizes are among the highlights of revision.

Teens' Dietary Fat Intake May Affect Breast Density

Teens' Dietary Fat Intake May Affect Breast Density

Higher amounts of unhealthy fats during adolescence are tied to greater breast density later in life.

Vitamin D Receptor Levels Lower in Alopecia

Vitamin D Receptor Levels Lower in Alopecia

Significantly lower serum and tissue vitamin D receptor levels were seen in alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia.

Fast Food Consumption May Increase Phthalate Exposure

Fast Food Consumption May Increase Phthalate Exposure

High consumption is linked to higher urinary levels of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, diisononyl phthalate.

Processed Carbs, Sugary Drinks May Affect Cancer Risk

Processed Carbs, Sugary Drinks May Affect Cancer Risk

Preliminary study finds more reasons to improve diet.

Stimulant Banned From Competitive Sports Found in Diet Supplements

Stimulant Banned From Competitive Sports Found in Diet Supplements

FDA has warned makers of 8 products containing oxilofrine, also known as methylsynephrine.

Increasing Number of Seniors Mix Supplements With Medications

Increasing Number of Seniors Mix Supplements With Medications

Seniors taking supplements alongside medication are at risk for dangerous drug interactions.

Knee Osteoarthritis Not Improved With Vitamin D

Knee Osteoarthritis Not Improved With Vitamin D

Supplements do not slow disease progression or ease pain, even in patients with low levels of the vitamin D.

Ironman Triathletes May Be Susceptible to Hyponatremia

Ironman Triathletes May Be Susceptible to Hyponatremia

Triathletes may drink too much water during competition and end up with hyponatremia.

Chemical Exposure Decreased Among Teens After Change in Cosmetics

Chemical Exposure Decreased Among Teens After Change in Cosmetics

Hormone-disrupting chemicals decrease in teens after trying products without phthalates, parabens, triclosan, or oxybenzone.

Feasible Opportunities for Healthy Diet and Exercise Beneficial

Feasible Opportunities for Healthy Diet and Exercise Beneficial

Feasible opportunities for healthy diet and activity were linked to intentions, behaviors, and BMI.

Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency May Increase Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Children

Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency May Increase Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Children

Maternal vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy linked to nearly 2-fold increased risk for multiple sclerosis.

Consistent Self-Weighing May Boost Eating Self-Efficacy

Consistent Self-Weighing May Boost Eating Self-Efficacy

High/consistent self-weighing is associated with increased eating self-efficacy over time.

Lower 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Associated With Adverse Pathology in Radical Prostatectomy

Lower 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Associated With Adverse Pathology in Radical Prostatectomy

For men with localized prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) insufficiency/deficiency is associated with increased odds of adverse pathology.

Higher Concentration of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Found in Organic Meat

Higher Concentration of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Found in Organic Meat

Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to compare the composition of organic and non-organic meat products.

Smoking Rate During Pregnancy Was 8.4% in 2014

Smoking Rate During Pregnancy Was 8.4% in 2014

The rate of smoking during pregnancy is about 8.4%, with greater prevalence among women aged 20 to 24 years, according to a published by the National Center for Health Statistics.

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with dry eye and impaired tear function, according to a study published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Estrogen Metabolism May Affect Stroke Recovery

Estrogen Metabolism May Affect Stroke Recovery

2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an endogenous metabolite of estradiol, inhibits proliferation, pro-inflammatory responses, and phagocytosis in microglia, according to a new study.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Common Among Seniors in Long-Term Care

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Common Among Seniors in Long-Term Care

The findings suggest a need for B12 deficiency screenings at admission.

New Guidelines Focus on Overall Eating Patterns vs Individual Dietary Components

New Guidelines Focus on Overall Eating Patterns vs Individual Dietary Components

The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines focus on 5 components of a healthy diet, while also setting limits on sugar, sodium, and saturated fat intake.

Early-Life Exercise Benefits Brain, Metabolism

Early-Life Exercise Benefits Brain, Metabolism

Early-life exercise-induced alterations in gut microbiota may promote brain function and emotional well-being.

Kangaroo Mother Care May Improve Neonatal Outcomes

Kangaroo Mother Care May Improve Neonatal Outcomes

Researchers found improved neonatal outcomes with kangaroo mother care vs conventional care for infants of any birth weight or gestational age.

Ergocalciferol Supplementation Boosts Vitamin D in Hemodialysis Patients

Ergocalciferol Supplementation Boosts Vitamin D in Hemodialysis Patients

For patients on hemodialysis with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) <30 ng/mL, ergocalciferol supplementation improves 25(OH)D levels but has no impact on epoetin utilization.

'Ultraman' Athletes May Face Adverse Metabolic Effects

'Ultraman' Athletes May Face Adverse Metabolic Effects

'Ultraman' competitors experience muscle damage and insulin resistance, researchers find.

FDA Adds New Warnings to SGLT2 Inhibitor Labels

FDA Adds New Warnings to SGLT2 Inhibitor Labels

The FDA warns of risks for ketoacidosis and serious urinary tract infections with use of SGLT2 inhibitors.

Case Report Links Terlipressin Therapy to Hyponatremia

Case Report Links Terlipressin Therapy to Hyponatremia

Researchers describe the case of a 41-year-old man with variceal rebleeding treated with terlipressin.

Vitamin D Supplementation May Improve Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Vitamin D Supplementation May Improve Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Improvement in disease activity was seen for patients with vitamin D deficiency at baseline.

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Brain Volume

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Brain Volume

Older people who ate more foods associated with the eating plan, especially fish, had larger brain volume.

Polyamine Levels Tied to Circadian Clock

Polyamine Levels Tied to Circadian Clock

Researchers find that this process can be reversed in mice with nutritional supplementation.

Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation Did Not Reduce Recurrent Adenoma Risk

Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation Did Not Reduce Recurrent Adenoma Risk

Researchers observed no decrease in colorectal adenomas with supplements, taken together or alone.

Dietary Quality Worse for Cancer Survivors

Dietary Quality Worse for Cancer Survivors

Researchers noted worse intake patterns than matched individuals from the general population for empty calories and fiber.

Simvastatin Plus Vitamin D3 Prevented Migraines

Simvastatin Plus Vitamin D3 Prevented Migraines

Treatment was effective for preventing headache in adults with episodic migraine.

High-Fiber, Mediterranean Diet Increases Beneficial Short-Chain Fatty Acids

High-Fiber, Mediterranean Diet Increases Beneficial Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Beneficial effects for plant-based diet but not limited to vegetarian or vegan diets.

Higher BPA Levels in Pregnancy Associated With Lower Birth Weight in Girls

Higher BPA Levels in Pregnancy Associated With Lower Birth Weight in Girls

Bisphenol A levels also linked to slightly longer pregnancies.

Fidgeting May Mitigate Effects of Prolonged Sitting in Women

Fidgeting May Mitigate Effects of Prolonged Sitting in Women

Fidgeting may mediate some of the negative effects of prolonged sitting, British study contends.

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Mean 25(OH)D levels significantly lower for African-American and Hispanic participants.

Leptin May Affect Rewarding Effects of Running

Leptin May Affect Rewarding Effects of Running

Leptin inhibits 'runners high' via STAT3 signaling in dopamine neurons in mouse model.

Insufficient Iodine Nutrition Common During Pregnancy

Insufficient Iodine Nutrition Common During Pregnancy

More targeted intervention strategies needed to optimize iodine nutrition during pregnancy.

US Smoking Rate Falls to 15.2 Percent

US Smoking Rate Falls to 15.2 Percent

Higher tobacco taxes, tough messages contributing to decline.

Vitamin D Supplements May Lower Fall Risk in Homebound Seniors

Vitamin D Supplements May Lower Fall Risk in Homebound Seniors

Homebound elderly might benefit from supplementation, research suggests.

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D appears to play a protective role against the development of dry eye.

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

Consumption of foods with high glycemic index tied to increased risk in postmenopausal women.

FDA Proposes Putting Percent Daily Value of Added Sugars on Nutrition Labels

FDA Proposes Putting Percent Daily Value of Added Sugars on Nutrition Labels

The FDA proposed the inclusion of percent daily value for added sugars to the Nutrition Facts label of packaged foods.

Weight Gain Greater Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Weight Gain Greater Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Survivors, especially those who received chemotherapy, gained more weight than those without the disease.

Structured Physical Activity Prevents Sleep Problems in Elderly

Structured Physical Activity Prevents Sleep Problems in Elderly

However, physical activity intervention not found to resolve existing sleep issues.

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Low Among Many Americans

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Low Among Many Americans

Authors call for widespread action to promote fruits and vegetables in the average diet.

Interferon Response Not Affected by Vitamin D in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Interferon Response Not Affected by Vitamin D in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

No change in interferon signature in vitamin D-deficient patients or in those with vitamin D repletion.

Prevent Hyponatremia By Drinking Only When Thirsty

Prevent Hyponatremia By Drinking Only When Thirsty

Consuming excess fluids can lead to dangerous drop in sodium levels.

Weight Loss Plus Vitamin D3 May Reduce Inflammation in Women

Weight Loss Plus Vitamin D3 May Reduce Inflammation in Women

Reduction in inflammatory biomarkers among women with BMI greater than 25 and low serum 25(OH)D.

Higher Vitamin D Levels Have Negative Effect on ALS Prognosis

Higher Vitamin D Levels Have Negative Effect on ALS Prognosis

Mechanisms underlying the relationship between vitamin D and ALS are still unknown.

Seniors Benefit From Regular Light Exercise

Seniors Benefit From Regular Light Exercise

Researchers suggest 300 minutes weekly of activities such as walking or gardening.

Prenatal DDT Exposure May Hike Breast Cancer Risk

Prenatal DDT Exposure May Hike Breast Cancer Risk

Women exposed to highest levels of DDT in utero had 3.7-fold higher risk than those with lowest exposure.

Endocrine Society Discusses Dangers of Endocrine Disruptors at EU Conference

Endocrine Society Discusses Dangers of Endocrine Disruptors at EU Conference

An Endocrine Society representative told the European Commission at a recent EU conference that more needs to be done to identify endocrine disruptors.

Washington, D.C., Ranked Fittest City in U.S.

Washington, D.C., Ranked Fittest City in U.S.

Minneapolis-St. Paul and San Diego are also cities that encourage exercise.

Lipids, Vitamin B12, Folate Affected by Iron Deficiency Anemia

Lipids, Vitamin B12, Folate Affected by Iron Deficiency Anemia

Treatment of iron deficiency anemia was linked to improvements in vitamin B12, folate and lipids.

Many Foods Marketed to Children Fail to Meet Nutrition Recommendations

Many Foods Marketed to Children Fail to Meet Nutrition Recommendations

Fifty-three percent of products advertised do not meet Interagency Working Group's recommendations, according to the data.

Doping Doesn't Improve Athletic Performance

Doping Doesn't Improve Athletic Performance

Use of performance-enhancing substances are not just bad for the image of sport, but they also don't improve athletes' performance.

Walking for 2 Minutes Each Hour May Prevent Premature Death

Walking for 2 Minutes Each Hour May Prevent Premature Death

Researchers found short bouts of light activity appear to boost longevity.

Vitamin D Toxicity Rare With Supplement Use

Vitamin D Toxicity Rare With Supplement Use

Toxic levels of vitamin D are rarely seen in people taking supplements, according to Mayo Clinic researchers.

Benefits of Salt Pills in Endurance Athletes Questionable

Benefits of Salt Pills in Endurance Athletes Questionable

Finding challenges common belief that salt pills can boost performance in endurance athletes.

High-Intensity Exercise May Reduce Risk for Death in Some Adults

High-Intensity Exercise May Reduce Risk for Death in Some Adults

Middle-aged or older people who get at least some high-intensity exercise may reduce changes of dying early by up to 13%.

MIND Diet May Lower Alzheimer's Risk

MIND Diet May Lower Alzheimer's Risk

The MIND diet combines aspects of Mediterranean diet with certain features of DASH diet.

Vitamin D Not Associated With Fatal Prostate Cancer

Vitamin D Not Associated With Fatal Prostate Cancer

Neither circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels nor common variations in vitamin D pathway genes appear to be associated with risk for fatal prostate cancer.

Healthy Eating Outpaced by Unhealthy Eating in Most Global Regions

Healthy Eating Outpaced by Unhealthy Eating in Most Global Regions

The United States has one of the lowest-quality diets in the world.

Adequate Vitamin D Levels Maintained With Minimal Ultraviolet Radiation

Adequate Vitamin D Levels Maintained With Minimal Ultraviolet Radiation

Review shows adequate serum vitamin D levels despite negligible ultraviolet radiation exposure.

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Increased Stroke Risk

Low Vitamin D Levels Linked to Increased Stroke Risk

Low levels tied to raised risk for a severe stroke, poor recovery, researchers said.

Yoga, Fish Oil Use Up Among Adults, Kids

Yoga, Fish Oil Use Up Among Adults, Kids

Complementary health approaches changing slightly.

Leptin May Mediate Association Between Knee Osteoarthritis, Body Weight

Leptin May Mediate Association Between Knee Osteoarthritis, Body Weight

The inflammatory adipokine may account for about half of the effect of BMI on knee osteoarthritis.

Smaller Exercise Targets May Increase Physical Activity

Smaller Exercise Targets May Increase Physical Activity

For those who are inactive, any activity may be better than none.

Sedentary Lifestyle May Raise Risk for Premature Death

Sedentary Lifestyle May Raise Risk for Premature Death

Moderate exercise can decrease this risk, researchers said.

Vitamin D Levels Linked to Treatment Response in Colorectal Cancer

Vitamin D Levels Linked to Treatment Response in Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer patients with higher vitamin D levels demonstrated improved response to chemotherapy and anticancer drugs.

Low Vitamin D Increases Risk for Preterm Birth

Low Vitamin D Increases Risk for Preterm Birth

Women with lowest levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D are about 1.5 times as likely to deliver early.

Rotating Shift Work Increased Mortality Risk

Rotating Shift Work Increased Mortality Risk

Shift work may raise risk for heart disease and lung cancer.

E-Readers May Disrupt Circadian Rhythm

E-Readers May Disrupt Circadian Rhythm

Lower levels of melatonin and disruption of circadian rhythms seen with use before sleep

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