General Endocrinology Archive

Certain Foods May Impact Timing of Menopause

Certain Foods May Impact Timing of Menopause

Researchers studied women aged 40 to 65 years participating in the UK Women's Cohort Study, who had experienced natural menopause and responded to a food frequency questionnaire.

Hormonal Antiandrogen Therapy for Acne May Help Reduce Antibiotic Use

Hormonal Antiandrogen Therapy for Acne May Help Reduce Antibiotic Use

Recognizing the increased need for antibiotic stewardship, the researchers consider HAAT to be a useful alternative to systemic antibiotic therapy that is effective and well tolerated among women with inflammatory acne.

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

One-hour plasma glucose is a useful predictor of retinopathy risk, has a predictive value similar to that of 2-hour plasma glucose, and may be considered as an alternative glucose time point during an oral glucose tolerance test.

Hormonal Contraceptives May Adversely Affect Psychological Health in Adolescent Girls

Hormonal Contraceptives May Adversely Affect Psychological Health in Adolescent Girls

This finding suggests an adverse effect of hormonal contraception on psychological health in adolescent girls.

Reproductive Goals Vary After Spontaneous Abortion

Reproductive Goals Vary After Spontaneous Abortion

Health care providers should offer family planning counseling to all women after spontaneous abortion, remaining responsive to individual patient needs.

DPP-4 Inhibitors Not Tied to Increased Risk for Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

DPP-4 Inhibitors Not Tied to Increased Risk for Acute Pancreatitis in Seniors

Study provides evidence that DPP-4 inhibitors are not associated with an increased risk of acute pancreatitis in older adults overall. The positive association observed in patients with CVD could be due to chance or bias but merits further investigation.

FDA Puts New Restrictions on Permanent Birth Control Implant Essure

FDA Puts New Restrictions on Permanent Birth Control Implant Essure

The new Essure labeling restricts the sale and distribution of the device to only health care providers and facilities that provide information to patients about the risks and benefits of this device.

Eylea Meets Endpoint in Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Trial

Eylea Meets Endpoint in Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Trial

Results so far (at week 24) show more than half of patients who received Eylea experienced a 2-step or greater improvement from baseline on the DRSS vs. patients who received a sham injection (58% vs 6%; P<0.0001).

Red Meat Consumption Linked to Insulin Resistance and Steatohepatitis

Red Meat Consumption Linked to Insulin Resistance and Steatohepatitis

Researchers used a food frequency questionnaire and a detailed meat questionnaire to measure meat type and cooking method.

Lipid Metabolism Imbalance and Pathophysiology of Bipolar Disease

Lipid Metabolism Imbalance and Pathophysiology of Bipolar Disease

Abnormal ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids were associated with the presence of bipolar disorder and the severity and duration of major depressive disorder.

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Recovery Lower With Metabolic Syndrome

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Recovery Lower With Metabolic Syndrome

Patients with metabolic syndrome have a lower rate of recovery from sudden sensorineural hearing loss than those without.

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Weight Regain More Likely With Perfluoroalkyl Substances

Higher concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances are associated with greater weight regain in a diet-induced weight-loss setting.

Little Effect on Metabolic Risk Factors With Addition of SSRIs to Antipsychotics

Little Effect on Metabolic Risk Factors With Addition of SSRIs to Antipsychotics

A combination of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and antipsychotics does not lead to further deterioration of metabolic variables; however, metabolic monitoring should be performed.

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

Modern Contraceptive Use Increasing in Developing Nations

Researchers used the Family Planning Estimation Tool to evaluate the performance of 68 of the 69 countries involved in the Family Planning 2020 initiative.

Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain in Diabetic Polyneuropathy

Spinal Cord Stimulation Reduces Pain in Diabetic Polyneuropathy

As many as one-quarter of individuals with diabetes will experience painful neuropathic symptoms for which treatment is limited.

FDA: Vitamin B7 May Interfere With Lab Tests for Hormone Levels

FDA: Vitamin B7 May Interfere With Lab Tests for Hormone Levels

One patient taking high levels of biotin has died following falsely low troponin test results when a troponin test known to have biotin interference was used.

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Depressive Symptoms, Cardiac Events

Vitamin D Supplements May Reduce Depressive Symptoms, Cardiac Events

Vitamin D supplement use is linked to reduced depressive symptoms and cardiac events for patients with moderate to severe depressive symptoms.

ACOG Guidelines Urge Screening for Female Athlete Triad

ACOG Guidelines Urge Screening for Female Athlete Triad

The female athlete triad includes low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone density.

How Does Long-Term Schizophrenia Therapy Affect Metabolic Profiles?

How Does Long-Term Schizophrenia Therapy Affect Metabolic Profiles?

Modest changes were recorded in patients' weight, fasting glucose, and glycated hemoglobin levels with long-term schizophrenia therapy.

Can Vitamin D Deficiency Lead To Chronic Tension-Type Headaches?

Can Vitamin D Deficiency Lead To Chronic Tension-Type Headaches?

Serum 25(OH) D levels were associated with chronic tension-type headaches, musculoskeletal pain, and muscle weakness.

Timing of Cognitive Decline Linked to Insulin Resistance

Timing of Cognitive Decline Linked to Insulin Resistance

Researchers examined the link between insulin resistance, fasting insulin and glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and decreased cognitive performance.

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Rates of Vitamin D Deficiency In Children Increase

Researchers identified a 15-fold increase in diagnoses of vitamin D deficiency in children between 2008 and 2014.

Endocrine Society Responds to Presidential Immigration Order

Endocrine Society Responds to Presidential Immigration Order

The Endocrine Society has pledged to support legal efforts aimed at overturning the president's executive order.

Low Vitamin D May Raise Headache Risk in Men

Low Vitamin D May Raise Headache Risk in Men

Middle-aged men with low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations had a markedly higher risk of frequent headache.

Low Vitamin D Associated With Incident Frailty in Older Women

Low Vitamin D Associated With Incident Frailty in Older Women

For older women, low vitamin D is associated with incident frailty.

Pokemon Go Led to Only Short-Term Increase in Physical Activity

Pokemon Go Led to Only Short-Term Increase in Physical Activity

Pokémon Go provided a slight, short-term boost to adults' physical activity levels, but it didn't last, according to a study published in the Christmas issue of The BMJ.

Neonatal Vitamin D Related to Multiple Sclerosis Risk

Neonatal Vitamin D Related to Multiple Sclerosis Risk

Low levels of neonatal vitamin D may be linked with risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

Further Examination of Link Between Vitamin D, Alzheimer's Disease Risk

Further Examination of Link Between Vitamin D, Alzheimer's Disease Risk

The present findings, in combination with those from prior observational research, provide a solid rationale for further randomized trials.

Acute Respiratory Infections Decreased With High-Dose Vitamin D

Acute Respiratory Infections Decreased With High-Dose Vitamin D

For long-term care facility residents, high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation is associated with reduced incidence of acute respiratory infection but increased incidence of falls.

Researchers Identify Association Between Low Maternal B12 and Higher Leptin

Researchers Identify Association Between Low Maternal B12 and Higher Leptin

Low maternal B12 is associated with higher leptin in cord blood, maternal adipose tissue, and placental tissue.

Community Pharmacists May Help Provide Preventive Care

Community Pharmacists May Help Provide Preventive Care

Community pharmacists are well suited to provide clinical preventive services, including education, screenings, and making referrals.

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

Vitamin D Supplementation May Have Varying Effects in Pregnancy

Several factors influence the impact of cholecalciferol supplementation in pregnant women.

Absenteeism Costs Related to Chronic Disease, Risk Factors

Absenteeism Costs Related to Chronic Disease, Risk Factors

Considerable costs are associated with absenteeism related to chronic diseases and health risk factors.

Use of Molecular Autopsy to Identify Cause of Unexpected Deaths

Use of Molecular Autopsy to Identify Cause of Unexpected Deaths

Molecular autopsy is able to uncover a likely or plausible cause of death in 40% of cases of unexpected death in young people.

Report Addresses Global Burden of Disease

Report Addresses Global Burden of Disease

The United States lags behind other advanced nations when it comes to infant mortality and the life expectancy of its citizens.

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Changing Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among Adults

Data indicate a shift away from taking a multivitamin.

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Associated With Reduced Vitamin D Levels

Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals Associated With Reduced Vitamin D Levels

Phthalates and bisphenol A metabolites were inversely associated with circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in adults exposed to these chemicals.

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

Stress May Cancel Out Health Benefits of Eating Monounsaturated Fats

However, stress does not seem to make the body's response to 'bad' fats even worse.

Glycemic Index Unreliable Indicator of Blood Glucose Response

Glycemic Index Unreliable Indicator of Blood Glucose Response

Glycemic index values of the same foods can vary widely and may be an unreliable indicator of blood glucose response.

More People Following Gluten-Free Diet

More People Following Gluten-Free Diet

The number of Americans following a gluten-free diet tripled between 2009 and 2014, but diagnoses of celiac disease remained stable during that same period.

Vitamin D May Be Beneficial in Asthma

Vitamin D May Be Beneficial in Asthma

For patients with asthma, vitamin D appears to reduce the risk of severe asthma exacerbations and health care use, according to a recently published review.

Smartphone Apps Help Patients Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

Smartphone Apps Help Patients Adopt Healthy Lifestyle

Various smartphone apps can help patients adopt a healthy lifestyle that might reduce risk of cardiovascular events.

Active Life Expectancy Varies According to Age, Race/Ethnicity

Active Life Expectancy Varies According to Age, Race/Ethnicity

Black people, especially black women, have lower percentage of remaining life spent active.

What Is the Link Between PTSD and Food Addiction?

What Is the Link Between PTSD and Food Addiction?

In veterans, expression suppression was significantly associated with eating disorder symptoms and mediated the connection between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and food addiction.

Biological Changes Evident in Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity

Biological Changes Evident in Non-Celiac Wheat Sensitivity

There are clear biological changes in patients presenting with non-celiac wheat sensitivity, according to research published in Gut.

Exercising 1 Hour Per Day May Combat Health Risks of Prolonged Sitting

Exercising 1 Hour Per Day May Combat Health Risks of Prolonged Sitting

Just 1 hour of physical activity a day may undo the increased mortality risk that comes with sitting 8 hours or more on a daily basis.

'Walking Meetings' May Improve Employee Activity Levels

'Walking Meetings' May Improve Employee Activity Levels

Walking meetings can increase on-the-job activity levels for white-collar workers.

Genetic Risk Score Correlates With BMI in Various Birth Cohorts

Genetic Risk Score Correlates With BMI in Various Birth Cohorts

The association between a multilocus genetic risk score for BMI and BMI is larger for individuals born in later birth cohorts.

Prediagnostic Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

Prediagnostic Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

Prediagnostic 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are associated with survival in pancreatic cancer, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Diets That Include Healthy Fats May Not Cause Weight Gain

Diets That Include Healthy Fats May Not Cause Weight Gain

Diets with olive oil and nuts led to lower increase in waist circumference than patients on a low-fat diet.

Reducing Glycemic Index May Decrease Uric Acid Levels

Reducing Glycemic Index May Decrease Uric Acid Levels

A low glycemic index was associated with decreased uric acid levels, regardless of the percentage of carbohydrates in diet.

Nutrition Facts Label to Undergo Redesign by FDA

Nutrition Facts Label to Undergo Redesign by FDA

Added sugars and relevant portion sizes are among the highlights of revision.

Teens' Dietary Fat Intake May Affect Breast Density

Teens' Dietary Fat Intake May Affect Breast Density

Higher amounts of unhealthy fats during adolescence are tied to greater breast density later in life.

Vitamin D Receptor Levels Lower in Alopecia

Vitamin D Receptor Levels Lower in Alopecia

Significantly lower serum and tissue vitamin D receptor levels were seen in alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia.

Fast Food Consumption May Increase Phthalate Exposure

Fast Food Consumption May Increase Phthalate Exposure

High consumption is linked to higher urinary levels of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, diisononyl phthalate.

Processed Carbs, Sugary Drinks May Affect Cancer Risk

Processed Carbs, Sugary Drinks May Affect Cancer Risk

Preliminary study finds more reasons to improve diet.

Stimulant Banned From Competitive Sports Found in Diet Supplements

Stimulant Banned From Competitive Sports Found in Diet Supplements

FDA has warned makers of 8 products containing oxilofrine, also known as methylsynephrine.

Increasing Number of Seniors Mix Supplements With Medications

Increasing Number of Seniors Mix Supplements With Medications

Seniors taking supplements alongside medication are at risk for dangerous drug interactions.

Knee Osteoarthritis Not Improved With Vitamin D

Knee Osteoarthritis Not Improved With Vitamin D

Supplements do not slow disease progression or ease pain, even in patients with low levels of the vitamin D.

Ironman Triathletes May Be Susceptible to Hyponatremia

Ironman Triathletes May Be Susceptible to Hyponatremia

Triathletes may drink too much water during competition and end up with hyponatremia.

Chemical Exposure Decreased Among Teens After Change in Cosmetics

Chemical Exposure Decreased Among Teens After Change in Cosmetics

Hormone-disrupting chemicals decrease in teens after trying products without phthalates, parabens, triclosan, or oxybenzone.

Feasible Opportunities for Healthy Diet and Exercise Beneficial

Feasible Opportunities for Healthy Diet and Exercise Beneficial

Feasible opportunities for healthy diet and activity were linked to intentions, behaviors, and BMI.

Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency May Increase Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Children

Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency May Increase Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Children

Maternal vitamin D deficiency in early pregnancy linked to nearly 2-fold increased risk for multiple sclerosis.

Consistent Self-Weighing May Boost Eating Self-Efficacy

Consistent Self-Weighing May Boost Eating Self-Efficacy

High/consistent self-weighing is associated with increased eating self-efficacy over time.

Lower 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Associated With Adverse Pathology in Radical Prostatectomy

Lower 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels Associated With Adverse Pathology in Radical Prostatectomy

For men with localized prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) insufficiency/deficiency is associated with increased odds of adverse pathology.

Higher Concentration of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Found in Organic Meat

Higher Concentration of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Found in Organic Meat

Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to compare the composition of organic and non-organic meat products.

Smoking Rate During Pregnancy Was 8.4% in 2014

Smoking Rate During Pregnancy Was 8.4% in 2014

The rate of smoking during pregnancy is about 8.4%, with greater prevalence among women aged 20 to 24 years, according to a published by the National Center for Health Statistics.

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with dry eye and impaired tear function, according to a study published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

Estrogen Metabolism May Affect Stroke Recovery

Estrogen Metabolism May Affect Stroke Recovery

2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME), an endogenous metabolite of estradiol, inhibits proliferation, pro-inflammatory responses, and phagocytosis in microglia, according to a new study.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Common Among Seniors in Long-Term Care

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Common Among Seniors in Long-Term Care

The findings suggest a need for B12 deficiency screenings at admission.

New Guidelines Focus on Overall Eating Patterns vs Individual Dietary Components

New Guidelines Focus on Overall Eating Patterns vs Individual Dietary Components

The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines focus on 5 components of a healthy diet, while also setting limits on sugar, sodium, and saturated fat intake.

Early-Life Exercise Benefits Brain, Metabolism

Early-Life Exercise Benefits Brain, Metabolism

Early-life exercise-induced alterations in gut microbiota may promote brain function and emotional well-being.

Kangaroo Mother Care May Improve Neonatal Outcomes

Kangaroo Mother Care May Improve Neonatal Outcomes

Researchers found improved neonatal outcomes with kangaroo mother care vs conventional care for infants of any birth weight or gestational age.

Ergocalciferol Supplementation Boosts Vitamin D in Hemodialysis Patients

Ergocalciferol Supplementation Boosts Vitamin D in Hemodialysis Patients

For patients on hemodialysis with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) <30 ng/mL, ergocalciferol supplementation improves 25(OH)D levels but has no impact on epoetin utilization.

'Ultraman' Athletes May Face Adverse Metabolic Effects

'Ultraman' Athletes May Face Adverse Metabolic Effects

'Ultraman' competitors experience muscle damage and insulin resistance, researchers find.

FDA Adds New Warnings to SGLT2 Inhibitor Labels

FDA Adds New Warnings to SGLT2 Inhibitor Labels

The FDA warns of risks for ketoacidosis and serious urinary tract infections with use of SGLT2 inhibitors.

Case Report Links Terlipressin Therapy to Hyponatremia

Case Report Links Terlipressin Therapy to Hyponatremia

Researchers describe the case of a 41-year-old man with variceal rebleeding treated with terlipressin.

Vitamin D Supplementation May Improve Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Vitamin D Supplementation May Improve Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Improvement in disease activity was seen for patients with vitamin D deficiency at baseline.

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Brain Volume

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Brain Volume

Older people who ate more foods associated with the eating plan, especially fish, had larger brain volume.

Polyamine Levels Tied to Circadian Clock

Polyamine Levels Tied to Circadian Clock

Researchers find that this process can be reversed in mice with nutritional supplementation.

Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation Did Not Reduce Recurrent Adenoma Risk

Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation Did Not Reduce Recurrent Adenoma Risk

Researchers observed no decrease in colorectal adenomas with supplements, taken together or alone.

Dietary Quality Worse for Cancer Survivors

Dietary Quality Worse for Cancer Survivors

Researchers noted worse intake patterns than matched individuals from the general population for empty calories and fiber.

Simvastatin Plus Vitamin D3 Prevented Migraines

Simvastatin Plus Vitamin D3 Prevented Migraines

Treatment was effective for preventing headache in adults with episodic migraine.

High-Fiber, Mediterranean Diet Increases Beneficial Short-Chain Fatty Acids

High-Fiber, Mediterranean Diet Increases Beneficial Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Beneficial effects for plant-based diet but not limited to vegetarian or vegan diets.

Higher BPA Levels in Pregnancy Associated With Lower Birth Weight in Girls

Higher BPA Levels in Pregnancy Associated With Lower Birth Weight in Girls

Bisphenol A levels also linked to slightly longer pregnancies.

Fidgeting May Mitigate Effects of Prolonged Sitting in Women

Fidgeting May Mitigate Effects of Prolonged Sitting in Women

Fidgeting may mediate some of the negative effects of prolonged sitting, British study contends.

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Low Vitamin D Status Associated With Accelerated Cognitive Decline

Mean 25(OH)D levels significantly lower for African-American and Hispanic participants.

Leptin May Affect Rewarding Effects of Running

Leptin May Affect Rewarding Effects of Running

Leptin inhibits 'runners high' via STAT3 signaling in dopamine neurons in mouse model.

Insufficient Iodine Nutrition Common During Pregnancy

Insufficient Iodine Nutrition Common During Pregnancy

More targeted intervention strategies needed to optimize iodine nutrition during pregnancy.

US Smoking Rate Falls to 15.2 Percent

US Smoking Rate Falls to 15.2 Percent

Higher tobacco taxes, tough messages contributing to decline.

Vitamin D Supplements May Lower Fall Risk in Homebound Seniors

Vitamin D Supplements May Lower Fall Risk in Homebound Seniors

Homebound elderly might benefit from supplementation, research suggests.

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D Deficiency Associated With Dry Eye Syndromes

Vitamin D appears to play a protective role against the development of dry eye.

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

High-Glycemic Index Diets May Up Depression Risk in Women

Consumption of foods with high glycemic index tied to increased risk in postmenopausal women.

FDA Proposes Putting Percent Daily Value of Added Sugars on Nutrition Labels

FDA Proposes Putting Percent Daily Value of Added Sugars on Nutrition Labels

The FDA proposed the inclusion of percent daily value for added sugars to the Nutrition Facts label of packaged foods.

Weight Gain Greater Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Weight Gain Greater Among Breast Cancer Survivors

Survivors, especially those who received chemotherapy, gained more weight than those without the disease.

Structured Physical Activity Prevents Sleep Problems in Elderly

Structured Physical Activity Prevents Sleep Problems in Elderly

However, physical activity intervention not found to resolve existing sleep issues.

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Low Among Many Americans

Fruit, Vegetable Intake Low Among Many Americans

Authors call for widespread action to promote fruits and vegetables in the average diet.

Interferon Response Not Affected by Vitamin D in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Interferon Response Not Affected by Vitamin D in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

No change in interferon signature in vitamin D-deficient patients or in those with vitamin D repletion.

Prevent Hyponatremia By Drinking Only When Thirsty

Prevent Hyponatremia By Drinking Only When Thirsty

Consuming excess fluids can lead to dangerous drop in sodium levels.

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