Childhood Type 1 Diabetes May Increase Atopic Dermatitis Risk
Type 1 diabetes in childhood is associated with a higher risk for atopic dermatitis.
(HealthDay News) — Type 1 diabetes in childhood is associated with increased risk for atopic dermatitis, according to a study published in the British Journal of Dermatology.
Chien-Heng Lin, from China Medical University Hospital in Taiwan, and colleagues examined the correlation between type 1 diabetes and atopic dermatitis in a population-based, retrospective cohort study.
A total of 3,386 patients with type 1 diabetes newly diagnosed from 1998 to 2011 and 12,725 randomly selected controls without type 1 diabetes, frequency-matched by age, sex and year of diagnosis, were identified from claims data of the National Health Insurance program of Taiwan.
The researchers found that the type 1 diabetes cohort had a 1.4-fold higher overall atopic dermatitis incidence compared with the nondiabetes cohort (3.31 vs. 2.35 per 1,000 person-years). The overall risk for atopic dermatitis remained higher in the type 1 diabetes cohort after adjustment for potential risk factors (adjusted HR=1.76).
Type 1 diabetes patients with more emergency room visits or hospitalizations had higher risk for subsequent atopic dermatitis (adjusted HRs=30.1 and 70.3, respectively) compared with the non-type 1 diabetes cohort.
"This nationwide, retrospective cohort study demonstrated that childhood [type 1 diabetes] may increase the risk of [atopic dermatitis]," the researchers wrote.