Primary Plus Specialist Care in Diabetes with Compensated Cirrhosis: Is There A Benefit?

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Hospitalization and decompensation rates were tied to whether or not the patient had both primary and specialist care.
Hospitalization and decompensation rates were tied to whether or not the patient had both primary and specialist care.

HealthDay News — For patients with diabetes and compensated cirrhosis, those who visit both primary care providers (PCPs) and specialists have lower odds of experiencing decompensation and/or hospitalization compared with those visiting a PCP only, according to research published online in Diabetes Care.

Tsai-Ling Liu, PhD, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and colleagues examined whether physician mix affects the outcome of patients dually diagnosed with compensated cirrhosis and diabetes. Data were analyzed from 18,359 adults (aged ≥18 years) with ICD-9 codes indicating diabetes and compensated cirrhosis, who were classified into 4 physician categories: PCP with no gastroenterologist (GI)/endocrinologist (ENDO), GI/ENDO with no PCP, PCP and GI/ENDO, and neither PCP nor GI/ENDO.

The researchers found that patients who visited GI/ENDO with or without PCP had increased risk of developing any decompensation event compared with PCP only. Patients who visited both PCP and GI/ENDO had 0.03 and 0.05 times lower odds of experiencing any decompensation event and/or hospitalization (P <.05) and any decompensation event (P <.05), respectively. The pattern was similar when hospitalizations and decompensation events were analyzed separately.

"As health care reform emphasizes patient-centered medical homes and coordination of care, this study provides partial evidence regarding the importance of receiving care from PCPs and specialists," the authors write.

Disclosures: One author disclosed financial ties to Bristol-Myers Squibb.

Reference

Liu T-L, Barritt AS IV, Weinberger M, Paul JE, Fried B, Trogdon JG. Impact of physician specialty mix on the outcomes of patients dually diagnosed with diabetes and compensated cirrhosis [published online July 2017]. Diabetes Care. doi:10.2337/dc17-0706

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