Depressive Symptoms Common in Children, Teens With Diabetes

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Efforts are necessary to ensure depression screening for children with diabetes.
Efforts are necessary to ensure depression screening for children with diabetes.

(HealthDay News) — There are more youth with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes reporting depressive symptoms than there are depression diagnoses in this population, according to a study published in Diabetes Care.

Janet Silverstein, MD, from the University of Florida in Gainesville, and colleagues examined the frequency of depressive symptoms among youth with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes enrolled in Pediatric Diabetes Consortium registries. 

A total of 261 youths with type 1 diabetes and 339 with type 2 diabetes aged 10 to 17 years completed the Children's Depression Inventory 2 Self-Report (Short) version.

The researchers identified depression symptoms in 13% of participants with type 1 diabetes and 22% of participants with type 2 diabetes. Within the previous year, only 4% and 9%, respectively, of those with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes were treated by a therapist. 

For youths with type 1 diabetes, but not type 2 diabetes, depressive symptoms correlated with lower family income and obesity.

"Depressive symptoms are more frequent than diagnosed depression in youth with [type 1 diabetes] or [type 2 diabetes]," the researchers wrote. "These results underscore the need for regular depression screening and appropriate referral for youth with diabetes."

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry, including Novo Nordisk, which funds the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium and its activities.

Reference

  1. Silverstein J, Cheng P, Ruedy KJ, et al. Depressive Symptoms in Youth With Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium Screening Assessment of Depression in Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care. 2015;doi:10.2337/dc15-0982.
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