Diabetes-Related Renal Failure Down in Native Americans

End-stage renal disease is declining among Native Americans with diabetes.
End-stage renal disease is declining among Native Americans with diabetes.

HealthDay News -- Diabetes-related end-stage renal disease among Native American adults fell by more than half over almost 20 years, according to research published in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

The researchers found that the incidence of diabetes-related kidney failure decreased 54% among American Indians and Alaska Natives during 1996 to 2013. By 2013, among adults with diabetes, the kidney failure rate was the same as that seen in whites. The change is due to improvements in diabetes and kidney care, according to the report.

The investigators also found that among these patients, glycemic control improved 10% between 1996 and 2014, and the use of medicine to protect kidneys rose from 42% to 74%t over 5 years. Average blood pressure in Native Americans with diabetes and hypertension was well controlled (133/76 mm Hg in 2015). In addition, more than 60% of Native Americans aged 65 and older with diabetes had urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio testing in 2015, compared with 40% of Medicare patients with diabetes in 2013.

"The Indian Health Service has made tremendous progress by applying population health and team-based approaches to diabetes and kidney care," Tom Frieden, MD, MPH, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), said in an agency news release. "Strong coordinated clinical care and education, community outreach, and environmental changes can make a dramatic difference in reducing complications from diabetes for all Americans."

Reference

  1. Bullock A, Burrows NR, Narva AS, et al. Vital signs: decrease in incidence of diabetes-related end-stage renal disease among American Indians/Alaska Natives — United States, 1996–2013 [published online January 10, 2017]. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6601e1.
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