Pediatric Allergies May Increase Cardiovascular Risk

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Children with allergies may have an increased risk for hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
Children with allergies may have an increased risk for hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

(HealthDay News) — Children with allergic disease may face as much as a doubling of their risk for hypertension and hyperlipidemia — even if they are not overweight, according to a letter to the editor published in the Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology.

Jonathan Silverberg, MD, PhD, MPH, an associate professor of dermatology at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, examined the results of a 2012 U.S. survey of households and focused on findings regarding 13 275 children up to the age of 17. According to the survey, about 14% of children in that age range had asthma, 12% had eczema, and 16% had hay fever.

Dr Silverberg found that children with asthma and hay fever were more likely than other children to be obese or overweight, and they also had about double the risk for hypertension and hyperlipidemia. The increased risk remained even after adjusting the statistics to account for obesity as a factor. 

Children with eczema did not appear to face a higher risk for hypertension and hyperlipidemia, but they did have an increased risk for weight gain.

"Clearly, not every kid with allergic disease has increased cardiovascular disease," Dr Silverberg told HealthDay. "Based on other studies, we suspect that it is mostly kids with more severe disease, though we were not able to examine that in this particular study."

Reference

  1. Silverberg JI. Atopic disease and cardiovascular risk factors in US children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015;doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2015.09.012.
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