Cardiovascular & Metabolic Disorders

Metabolic Syndrome Rates Differ by Race, Ethnicity in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome Rates Differ by Race, Ethnicity in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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The highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women with polycystic ovary syndrome in the United States occurred in black women.

Statin Intolerance Contributes to Higher Risk for MI and CHD

Statin Intolerance Contributes to Higher Risk for MI and CHD

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Patients with statin intolerance had a 36% higher rate of recurrent MI compared to those with high statin adherence.

Preeclampsia Increases Pregnancy-Associated Stroke Risk

Preeclampsia Increases Pregnancy-Associated Stroke Risk

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Women with preeclampsia and pregnancy-associated stroke were more likely to have preexisting hypertension than controls.

DXA-Visceral Adipose Tissue Measurements in Atherosclerotic CVD Risk Assessment

DXA-Visceral Adipose Tissue Measurements in Atherosclerotic CVD Risk Assessment

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Neither DXA-visceral adipose tissue nor android-gynoid fat mass ratios were associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events.

Effect of Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D on CVD

Effect of Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D on CVD

Study results question the efficacy of monthly vitamin D supplementation as a method to prevent CVD.

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body Weight Fluctuations Increase CV Event Risk

Body weight fluctuations can be linked to higher mortality and cardiovascular events, regardless of traditional CV risk factors.

Scientific Statement: Screening for Endocrine Hypertension

Scientific Statement: Screening for Endocrine Hypertension

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Patients with endocrine hypertension experience a higher risk of cardiovascular issues, including stroke and death.

Natural Therapies: Avocado Consumption for Metabolic Syndrome

Natural Therapies: Avocado Consumption for Metabolic Syndrome

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Investigators conducted a meta-analysis of 129 studies focused on avocado consumption to determine the benefit in metabolic syndrome and hypertension.

Obesity  Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

Obesity Paradox Reported in Atrial Fibrillation Outcomes

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All-cause mortality and cardiovascular death outcomes may be paradoxically improved in obese patients with atrial fibrillation.

Empagliflozin Use Supported in Patients With DM Post-Cardiac Transplantation

Empagliflozin Use Supported in Patients With DM Post-Cardiac Transplantation

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Both mean body weight and body mass index were reduced with empagliflozin in patients with diabetes following cardiac transplant.

Long-Term Androgen Therapy Increases Cardiovascular Risk in Transgender Men

Long-Term Androgen Therapy Increases Cardiovascular Risk in Transgender Men

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Transgender men who are on long-term androgen therapy have higher levels of aortic stiffness, which may increase their risk for cardiovascular events.

Admission Hyperglycemia Associated With Poststroke Infection, Worse Outcomes

Admission Hyperglycemia Associated With Poststroke Infection, Worse Outcomes

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Data from 2550 patients indicated a possible relationship between admission hyperglycemia and poststroke infection.

Diabetes Risk in Elderly Women Increased by Statin Use

Diabetes Risk in Elderly Women Increased by Statin Use

Although statins reduce CV events, they may increase the risk of new-onset diabetes in older women.

Does E-counseling For Self-care Adherence Improve Hypertension?

Does E-counseling For Self-care Adherence Improve Hypertension?

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Lifestyle counseling, combined with diet and exercise, reduces hypertension and improves cardiovascular outcomes.

Effects of Sex-Dependent On-Treatment LDL Diferences on CVD Risk

Effects of Sex-Dependent On-Treatment LDL Diferences on CVD Risk

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Women experienced the same CV benefits in statin trials, despite having slightly elevated on-treatment LDL cholesterol.

Personalizing Hypertension Prognoses By Analyzing Patient Heterogeneity

Personalizing Hypertension Prognoses By Analyzing Patient Heterogeneity

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Elevated baseline blood pressure was linked to higher 6-month CVD incidence.

Failed Fertility Therapy Increases Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Failed Fertility Therapy Increases Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Failed fertility therapy was linked to an increase of long-term adverse cardiovascular events.

Hyperglycemia In Pregnancy Associated With Cardiometabolic Risk In Offspring

Hyperglycemia In Pregnancy Associated With Cardiometabolic Risk In Offspring

Children born to mothers with gestational diabetes had elevated rates of abnormal glucose tolerance and were more likely to be overweight or obese.

Angiography May Mitigate Poor CV Outcomes In Diabetes

Angiography May Mitigate Poor CV Outcomes In Diabetes

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Patients with diabetes had more CV risk factors and higher rates of noninvasive testing positivity.

STEMI Symptom Presentation Delayed in Diabetes

STEMI Symptom Presentation Delayed in Diabetes

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Time to presentation grew for every unit increase in patient's hemoglobin A1c level.

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global Heart Disease Burden Rises With Low Fruit and Vegetable Consuption

Global burden of heart disease linked to low fruit and vegetable intake was highest in Bangladesh and Mongolia, respectively.

Does Diet Impact Cardiometabolic Death Rates?

Does Diet Impact Cardiometabolic Death Rates?

Low intake of nuts and seeds, omega-3 fats, vegetables, fruits, and whole grains all impact a person's cardiometabolic health.

Higher HbA1c Levels May Increase Mortality Risk in Older Patients

Higher HbA1c Levels May Increase Mortality Risk in Older Patients

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Older patients with diabetes whose hemoglobin A1c levels were greater than 8% had an increased mortality risk.

Do People With Obesity Always Present With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors?

Do People With Obesity Always Present With Cardiometabolic Risk Factors?

Over 18% of patients who were overweight and 5.8% of patients considered morbidly obese did not have any cardiometabolic risk factors present.

Metformin, Vidagliptin Associated With Elevated Heart Rate in Type 2 Diabetes

Metformin, Vidagliptin Associated With Elevated Heart Rate in Type 2 Diabetes

While both drugs elevated patient heart rates, only vildagliptin affected blood pressure.

Diabetes Increases Risks of Adverse Outcomes in Chronic HF

Diabetes Increases Risks of Adverse Outcomes in Chronic HF

One-year rates of all-cause death, CVD death, and heart failure hospitalization were all elevated in patients with diabetes.

MACE Risk With Insulin Dosage in Type 2 Diabetes

MACE Risk With Insulin Dosage in Type 2 Diabetes

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A cohort study of primary care records in the United Kingdom did not find an increased risk of major cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with insulin.

Antihypertensive "Quadpill" Therapy Highly Effective

Antihypertensive "Quadpill" Therapy Highly Effective

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Ultra-low-dose combination therapy for hypertension has been found to significantly reduce blood pressure with few adverse side effects.

Bariatric Surgery Decreases Microvascular Complications in Obese Patients

Bariatric Surgery Decreases Microvascular Complications in Obese Patients

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A significant interaction occurred between baseline glycemic status and treatment effect on microvascular disease incidence.

Does Lowering SBP Affect Gait in Older, Hypertensive Adults?

Does Lowering SBP Affect Gait in Older, Hypertensive Adults?

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Results from the SPRINT trial showed that intensive therapy aimed at lowering systolic blood pressure did not change gait speed or mobility in older adults.

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