Low Fruit, Vegetable Intake May Increase Hip Fracture Risk
Older adults who eat less than 1 serving of fruit and vegetables may have a higher risk for hip fractures.
(HealthDay News) — For older adults, daily intake of no more than 1 serving of fruit and vegetables is associated with increased risk for hip fracture relative to moderate intake, according to a study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
Vassiliki Benetou, MD, PhD, from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in Greece, and colleagues examined the potential correlation between fruit and vegetable intake and hip fracture incidence in a sample of 142 018 individuals (116 509 women), aged 60 years or older from 5 cohorts. Participants were followed for 1 911 482 person-years and accumulated 5552 hip fractures. Validated, cohort-specific, food-frequency questionnaires were used to assess fruit and vegetable intake.
The researchers found that, compared with moderate intake (more than 3, and 5 or fewer servings/day), intake of no more than 1 serving/day of fruit and vegetables combined correlated with an increased hip fracture risk (pooled adjusted hazard ratio=1.39). Compared with the same reference, higher intakes (more than 5 servings/per day) were not associated with lower risk. Stronger correlations were seen for women.
"A daily intake of 1 or less servings of fruits and vegetables was associated with increased hip fracture risk in relation to moderate daily intakes," the authors wrote. "Older adults with such low fruit and vegetable consumption may benefit from raising their intakes to moderate amounts in order to reduce their hip fracture risk."
The study was partially funded by the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council and the California Walnut Commission.