Diagnosis, Management of PCOS Discussed in Case Vignette

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Case offers insight into how to diagnose and treat polycystic ovary syndrome.
Case offers insight into how to diagnose and treat polycystic ovary syndrome.

(HealthDay News) — The diagnosis and management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) was discussed in a case vignette published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Christopher R. McCartney, MD, and John C. Marshall, MD, from the University of Virginia School of Medicine, discussed evaluation and management of a 22-year-old woman reporting hirsutism and irregular menses. The symptoms worsened after weight gain in college. On physical examination, her BMI was 29 and blood pressure was 135/85 mmHg; she had moderate hirsutism without virilization.

The researchers noted that since the patient had hyperandrogenism and oligomenorrhea, ovarian ultrasound was not necessary for a diagnosis of PCOS. Treatment decisions should be informed by patient priorities, with hirsutism and irregular menses the primary concerns for this patient. 

In the absence of contraindication, a monophasic combined oral contraceptive with a low androgenic progestin was recommended; treatment would improve hirsutism, provide predictable withdrawal bleeding, and prevent endometrial hyperplasia. 

Clinical assessment at 3 months should include blood pressure and fasting lipid assessments. Additional pharmacologic therapy could include spironolactone for hirsutism, metformin for abnormal glucose tolerance, and clomiphene for ovulation induction.

"The patient can be counseled that live birth can be achieved by a majority of women with the polycystic ovary syndrome, although fertility treatment may be required," the authors wrote.

Disclosures: One author disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry.

Reference

  1. McCartney CR, Marshall JC. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2016;375:54-64. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1514916.
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